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ID: 7002473
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Istanbul (inhabited place)  Istanbul (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 00 40 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.0110  decimal degrees
Long: 028 57 28 E  degrees minutes   Long: 28.9578  decimal degrees

Note: The city was held by the Persian Empire in 512 BCE. Later was a Roman Republic free city. It was the seat of Constantine I's empire from 330, and the terminus of the ancient Silk Road trade route. Was declared a Christian city by Constantine. From the 6th-13th centuries, the city was attacked by Persians, Arabs, Bulgars and Russians, and eventually taken by the Fourth Crusade army in 1203. Later taken by Ottomans.

Names:
İstanbul (preferred,C,V,Turkish,U)  ............ renamed officially in 1930
Istanbul (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Estambul (C,O)
Byzantion (C,V)
Constantinopoli (C,V)
Istamboul (C,V)
Istambul (C,V)
Konstantinoupolis (C,V)
Kustantiniyah (C,V)
Stamboul (C,V)
Stambul (C,V)
Byzantium (H,V)
Constantinople (H,O)  ............ ancient
Constantinopolis (H,V)
Costantinopoli (H,O)
Konstantinopel (H,O)
Mikligard (H,O)  ............ Norse
New Rome (H,O)  ............ capital of Constantine I from AD 324
Tsargrad (H,O)
Tsarigrad (H,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkey (nation)  ........  Turkey (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of İstanbul (province)  ............  İstanbul (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Istanbul (inhabited place)  ................  Istanbul (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled in prehistoric times, later established as a Greek colony in late 8th cen. BC
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)
financial center (C)
educational center (C)
transportation center (C)
tourist center (C)
religious center (C)
national capital (H)  ............  of Ottoman Empire, 1453; of Turkish Republic until it was transferred to Ankara, 1923
regional capital (C)

Related geographic places:
located on ....  Silk Road .......... (road)
..................  (World) [7031416]

Sources and Contributors:
Byzantion..........  [VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Byzantium..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 37
Constantinople..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.............................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.............................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8635
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 48
Constantinopoli..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Constantinopolis..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 201
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Costantinopoli..........  [VP]
.............................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 134
Estambul..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-53
Istamboul..........  [VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Istambul..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
İstanbul..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 426
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 90
Istanbul..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Konstantinopel..........  [VP]
.............................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.............................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-89
Konstantinoupolis..........  [VP]
................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Kustantiniyah..........  [VP]
..........................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Mikligard..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 350
New Rome..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 426
Stamboul..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Stambul..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Tsargrad..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 554
Tsarigrad..........  [VP]
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 554
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 201
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 134
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 426
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8635
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -755070
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-53; I-89
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 37; 48; 90
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 350
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 554
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  UNESCO: Silk Road (2016-) accessed 23 February 2016

 

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