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 Representative Images:    1

ID: 7002473
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Istanbul (inhabited place)  Istanbul (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 41 02 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 41.0333  decimal degrees
Long: 028 57 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 28.9500  decimal degrees

Note: Held by Persian Empire 512 BCE; Roman Republic free city; seat of Constantine I's empire from 330; declared a Christian city by Constantine; attacked by Persians, Arabs, Bulgars and Russians during the 6th-13th centuries; taken by Fourth Crusade army in 1203; taken by Ottomans.

Names:
İstanbul (preferred,C,V)  ............ renamed officially in 1930
Istanbul (C,V,English-P,U,N)
Estambul (C,O)
Tsarigrad (H,O)
Tsargrad (H,O)
Constantinople (H,O)  ............ ancient
Konstantinopel (H,O)
Costantinopoli (H,O)
Constantinopolis (H,V)
New Rome (H,O)  ............ capital of Constantine I from AD 324
Byzantium (H,V)
Mikligard (H,O)  ............ Norse

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkey (nation)  ........  Turkey (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Marmara (region (geographic))  ............  Marmara (region (geographic)) (P)
Hierarchy of İstanbul (province)  ................  İstanbul (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Istanbul (inhabited place)  ....................  Istanbul (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  settled in prehistoric times, later established as a Greek colony in late 8th cen. BC
city (C)
provincial capital (C)
port (C)
industrial center (C)
financial center (C)
educational center (C)
transportation center (C)
tourist center (C)
religious center (C)
national capital (H)  ............  of Ottoman Empire, 1453; of Turkish Republic until it was transferred to Ankara, 1923

Sources and Contributors:
Byzantium..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 37
Constantinople..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.............................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.............................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8635
.............................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 48
Constantinopolis..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 201
Costantinopoli..........  [VP]
.............................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 134
Estambul..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-53
İstanbul..........  [VP Preferred]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 426
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 90
Istanbul..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Konstantinopel..........  [VP]
.............................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-89
Mikligard..........  [VP]
....................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 350
New Rome..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 426
Tsargrad..........  [VP]
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 554
Tsarigrad..........  [VP]
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 554
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 201
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 134
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 426
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8635
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-53; I-89
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 37; 48; 90
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 350
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 554
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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