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ID: 1000144
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Turkey (nation)  Turkey (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 39 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 39.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 035 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 35.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Indigenous Anatolian peoples were invaded by Indo-European Hittites, forming empire ca. 1900 BCE; ruled by Persians 6th century BCE, then Greeks, then Romans 1st century BCE; settled by Turks from central Asia 11th century; was heart of Ottoman Empire 13th-19th centuries; official language is Turkish.

Names:
Türkiye (preferred,C,V,Turkish (transliterated)-P,U,N)
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (C,V,O,Turkish (transliterated),U,N)
Turkey (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Republic of Turkey (C,O,English,U,N)
Turquie (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République turque (C,O,French,U,N)
Türkei (C,O)
Turkije (C,O)
Turquía (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
República de Turquía (C,O,Spanish,U,N)
Turquia (C,O)
Turchia (C,O)
Турция (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Турецкая Республика (C,O,Russian,U)
土耳其 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
土耳其共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
حره اَ (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً حره اَ (C,O,Arabic,U)
TUR (C,O,ISO3L)
TR (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO792 (C,O,ISO3N)
TU00 (C,O,FIPS)
Turkish (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkey (nation)  ........  Turkey (nation) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Middle East (general region)  ....  Middle East (general region) (P)
Hierarchy of Turkey (nation)  ........  Turkey (nation)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Asia (continent)  ....  Asia (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Achaemenid Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Turkey (nation)  ............  Turkey (nation) (P,H) 612-330 BCE

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  as small state, after WW I; with present boundaries, from 1923
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)  ............  established October 1923
sultanate (H)  ............  sultan deposed November 1, 1922

Related geographic places:
capital is ....  Ankara .......... (inhabited place)
..................  (World, Asia, Turkey, Ankara) [7002349]
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
................  became a member in 1952
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945

Sources and Contributors:
ISO792..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
República de Turquía..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
Republic of Turkey..........  [VP]
...................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
...................................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
République turque..........  [VP]
................................  ISO Handbook (1988) 784
TR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
TU00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 87
TUR..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 772
Turchia..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 545
Türkei..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1515
Turkey..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 717
.................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 53 & II, 953
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Embassy of Turkey (1995)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 56 ff.
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plates 36-37
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1236-1237
Turkije..........  [VP]
.................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 794
Turkish..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 37
Türkiye..........  [FDA, VP Preferred]
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1237
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 733
...................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 664-667
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Turquía..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
Turquia..........  [VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) 344
Turquie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
.................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 30 July 2009
Турция..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Турецкая Республика..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
土耳其..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
土耳其共和国..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
حره اَ..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
جُهور ةً حره اَ..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 31 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1991) 717
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 733
..................  Cambridge Encyclopedia (1990)
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 664-667
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 53 & II, 953
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1515
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 545
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Embassy of Turkey (1995)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 56 ff.
..................  Engels Woordenboek (1987) II, 794
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 21
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 772; 784
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 87
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) 344
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985) plates 36-37
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 84
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 37
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 1236-1237; 1237
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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