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ID: 300056550
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/aat/300056550

 

Record Type: concept
realism (artistic form of expression) (forms of expression (artistic concept), artistic concepts, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name))

 

Note: General term for a quality of art works in which the depiction is based on or seems to be based on the direct observation of the external world, including or even emphasizing flaws and imperfections rather than the beauty or idealized characteristics. Although a work may be both realistic and naturalistic, naturalism may somewhat idealize the flaws or ugliness of the subject depicted. For the formal style and period displaying the general characteristics of realism, such as in the painting of Gustave Courbet, use "Realist (modern European fine arts styles)."
 
Terms:
realism (artistic form of expression) (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,N)
realistic (C,U,English,AD,U,N)
realist (artistic forms of expression) (C,U,English,UF,U,N)
寫實主義 (C,U,Chinese (traditional)-P,D,U,U)
現實主義 (C,U,Chinese (traditional),UF,U,U)
xiě shí zhǔ yì (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Hanyu Pinyin)-P,UF,U,U)
xie shi zhu yi (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Pinyin without tones)-P,UF,U,U)
hsieh shih chu i (C,U,Chinese (transliterated Wade-Giles)-P,UF,U,U)
realistisch (C,U,Dutch-P,D,U,U)
realisme (C,U,Dutch,AD,U,U)
naturalism (realism) (H,U,LC,English,UF,U,N)  ............ in the 17th century and later, used for the works of Caravaggio to express how his works depicted reality rather than idealized forms
realismo (C,U,Spanish-P,D,U,U)

Facet/Hierarchy Code:  B.BM

Hierarchical Position:

Hierarchy of Associated Concepts Facet
Associated Concepts Facet
Hierarchy of Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)
.... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name) (G)
Hierarchy of <concepts in the arts and humanities>
........ <concepts in the arts and humanities> (G)
Hierarchy of artistic concepts
............ artistic concepts (G)
Hierarchy of forms of expression (artistic concept)
................ forms of expression (artistic concept) (G)
Hierarchy of realism (artistic form of expression)
.................... realism (artistic form of expression) (G)

Additional Notes:
Chinese (traditional) ..... 某類藝術作品特質的通稱名詞,基於或建基於對外部世界的直接觀察進行描寫,包含或甚至特別強調瑕疵與不完美,而不是美麗或理想化的特色。雖然同一作品可能兼具現寫主義與自然主義,自然主義會對描寫主體的瑕疵或不完美加以理想化處理。至於具寫實主義特性的形式風格與時期,如古斯塔夫‧庫爾貝(Gustave Courbet)的畫作,則稱之為「寫實主義者 (現代歐洲純藝術風格)」。 
Dutch ..... In het algemeen, aandacht voor feit en realiteit en verwerping van het onpraktische en visionaire. Gebruik het met betrekking tot kunst en literatuur voor de benadering die nadruk legt op de beschrijving van dingen zoals ze werkelijk zijn of hoe ze voorkomen. 
Spanish ..... Generalmente, preocupado por hechos y realidad y rechazando lo impráctivo y visionario. En referencia al arte y literatura, úsese para el acercamiento que enfatiza la representación de cosas como aparecen u ocurren. 

Related concepts:
distinguished from ....  naturalism (artistic form of expression)
..................................  (forms of expression (artistic concept), artistic concepts, ... Associated Concepts (hierarchy name)) [300311115]
distinguished from ....  Realist (modern European fine arts styles)
..................................  (<modern European fine arts styles and movements>, <modern European styles and movements>, ... Styles and Periods (hierarchy name)) [300172861]

Sources and Contributors:
寫實主義............  [AS-Academia Sinica Preferred]
...........  大英百科全書線上繁體中文版 August 26, 2011
...........  大英視覺藝術百科全書 Vol. 9,pp. 189
...........  智慧藏百科全書網 August 26, 2011
...........  藝術名詞與技法辭典 p. 375
...........  雄獅西洋美術辭典 p. 701
現實主義............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
...........  國立編譯館學術名詞資訊網 October 26, 2011
...........  建築學英漢辭典 p. 350
...........  朗文當代大辭典 p. 1447
...........  牛津當代大辭典 p. 1534
hsieh shih chu i............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
naturalism (realism)............  [VP]
...................................  Barasch, Theories of Art (1985) 317; Naturalism
...................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) Naturalism
...................................  Osborne, Aesthetics and Art Theory (1968) Naturalism
...................................  Oxford Companion to Western Art [online] (2008-)
...................................  RILA, Subject Headings (1975-1990) Naturalism
realism (artistic form of expression)............  [VP Preferred]
..............................................................  BHA Subject Headings (1985-)
..............................................................  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-)
..............................................................  Mayer, Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques (1969)
..............................................................  Murray, Dictionary of Art and Artists (1971)
..............................................................  Oxford Companion to Art (1984) 954
realisme............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
realismo............  [CDBP-SNPC Preferred]
.................  Lucie-Smith, Diccionario de Términos de Arte (1997)
realist (artistic forms of expression)............  [VP]
.................................................................  Gardner's Art Through the Ages (1986) 836; realist
realistic............  [VP]
....................  Oxford Companion to Western Art [online] (2008-)
realistisch............  [RKD, AAT-Ned Preferred]
.......................  AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......................  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
xie shi zhu yi............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
xiě shí zhǔ yì............  [AS-Academia Sinica]
.............................  TELDAP database (2009-)
 
Subject: .....  [AS-Academia Sinica, CDBP-SNPC, RKD, AAT-Ned, VP]
............  CDMARC Subjects: LCSH (1988-) precoor.; Realism in art
............  Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Oxford Companion to Western Art [online] (2008-)
Chinese (traditional) .......... [AS-Academia Sinica]
.......... TELDAP database (2009-)
Dutch .......... [RKD, AAT-Ned]
.......... AAT-Ned (1994-)
.......... Van Dale Engels-Nederlands (1989)
Spanish .......... [CDBP-SNPC]
.......... TAA database (2000-)

 

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