Beato, Felice (ca. 1825–ca. 1908)

Allgood, George. China War, 1860: Letters and Journal. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1901.

Clark, John, John Fraser, and Colin Osman. "Chronology of Felix (Felice) Beato (1825?–1908?)." In John Clark, Japanese-British Exchanges in Art 1850s–1930s: Papers and Research Material, 96–118. Canberra: Department of Art History, Australian National University, 1989.

Crombie, Isobel. "China 1860: A Photographic Album by Felice Beato." History of Photography 2, no. 1 (1987): 25–37.

Harris, David. Of Battle and Beauty: Felice Beato's Photographs of China. Santa Barbara: Museum of Art, 1999.

Lecoste, Anne. Felice Beato: A Photographer on the Eastern Road. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010.

Osman, Colin. "New Light on the Beato Brothers." British Journal of Photography 34 (1987): 1217–21.

Wanaverbecq, Annie-Laure. Felice Beato en Chine: Photographier la guerre en 1860. Paris: Somogy Éditions d'Art, 2005.

Boerschmann, Ernst (1873–1949)

Boerschmann, Ernst. Baukunst und Landschaft in China. Berlin: Ernst Wasmuth A.G., 1926.

———. Old China in Historic Photographs: 288 Views. New York: Dover, 1982.

———. Picturesque China: Architecture and Landscape; A Journey through Twelve Provinces. New York: Brentano's, 1923.

Caneva, Giacomo (1813–65)

Caneva, Giacomo. "Fotographia." L'artista, 12 January 1859, 16.

———. Giacomo Caneva en Chine. Paris: Csaba Morocz Photographies, 2007.

Castellani, Giovanni Battisa. Dell'allevamento dei bachi da seta in China fatto ed osservato sui luoghi da Giovanni Battisa Castellani. Florence: Barbèra, 1860.

Child, Thomas (1841–98)

Child, Thomas. "The Oldest Observatory in the World." Pearson's Magazine 5 (1898): 27.

———. "Peking." Journal of the Society of Arts, 1 February 1895, 201–11.

Osman, Colin. "In Search of Thomas Child." British Journal of Photography 137 (1989): 3–24.

———. "Thomas Child (1841–1898), Photographer of Peking." The Photo (1989): supplement.

François, Auguste (1857–1935); see also Section 7, "Historical Photography Websites and Online Bibliographies"

François, Auguste. Le Mandarin Blanc: Souvenirs d'un consul en Extrême-Orient, 1886–1904. Edited by Pierre Seydoux. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2006.

François, Auguste, Yin Xiaojun, Shen Nuo, and Wang Yiqun. Shiji huishou, 1896–1904 nian Zhongguo xinan diqu lishi zhaopian zhanlan tupian (The century in retrospect, 1896–1940 historical photos of southwest China) 世紀回首, 1896–1904 年 中国西南地区历史照片展览图片. Beijing: Zhongguo Lishi Bowuguan, 1997.
Reproduction of twenty photographs (loose prints) by François, taken in 1896–1904 in southwest China, with a very brief introduction.

Liaboef, Dominique, and Jorge Svartzman. L'oeil du consul: Auguste François en Chine (1896–1904). Paris: Éditions du Chêne, 1989.

Li Kaiyi and Yin Xiaojun. Bi'an de muguang: wan Qing Faguo waijiaoguan Fangsuya zai Yunnan (Gazes from the other side: French consul Auguste François in Yunnan in the late Qing) 彼岸的目光: 晚淸法囯外交官方苏雅在云南.

Kunming: Yunnan Jiaoyu Chubanshe, 2002.
Using correspondence, a diary, interviews, and archive material in France and China, the authors reconstruct the biography of Auguste François, a French consul in Yunnan at the end of the nineteenth century. The book uses photographs taken by François, mostly from 1894–1906, to illustrate key moments and events in his life.

Li shi de ning mou: Qing mo Min chu Kunming she hui feng mao she ying ji shi 1896–1925 (Gazes from history: Photographed social reality of Kunming in the late Qing and early Republican eras 1896–1925) 历史的凝眸: 清末民初昆明社会风貌摄影纪实 1896–1925. Kunming: Chenguang Chubanshe and Yunnan Meishu Chubanshe, 2000.
Illustrated with 619 photos from the late Qing to the early Republican era taken by Auguste François and other unidentified persons, this publication reproduces photo collections owned by the Musée Guimet and the Association August François in France. Categorized under six sections, the captioned illustrations include village and urban scenes, historical architecture, street views, trading and stores, human life, and social change.

Ren Qin. Huan le renjian: Kunming shehui fengmao sheying jishi, 1900–2000 (Tremendous change: Photographed social reality of Kunming, 1900–2000) 换了人间: 昆明社会风貌摄影纪实 1900–2000. Kunming: Chenguang Chubanshe and Yunnan Meishu Chubanshe, 2000.
Each picture by Auguste François from the late Qing and early Republican periods is juxtaposed with a colorful photo taken by a contemporary Chinese photographer, Ren Qin. Some of the recent photos depict the same location as in François's earlier photographs. These juxtapositions are intended to reveal the tremendous changes that occurred in the city of Kunming in the late twentieth century.

Itier, Jules (1802–77)

Gimon, Gilbert. "Jules Itier, Daguerreotypist." History of Photography 5, no. 5 (1981): 225–44.

Itier, Jules. Journal d'un voyage en Chine en 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846. Paris: Dauvin et Fontaine, 1848–53.

Mumm, Alfons, and Freiherr von Schwarzenstein. Ein Tagebuch in Bildern. Berlin: Graphische Gesellschaft, 1902.

Musée français de la photographie. "Alphonse Jules Itier: Voyage d'un daguerréotypiste amateur."

Lai Afong (also known as Afong, 1839–90)

Huang Rongfang and Hualing Luo. "Feisheng haiwai hongji xianggang: Yidai dashi huoshi Taishan ren" (Renowned internationally and in Hong Kong: The master of the generation might come from Taishan). 蜚聲海外紅及香港: 一代大師或是臺山人. Guangzhou Daily, 31 October 2008, A3.

"Guangdong Lai Afong: Zhongguo sheyingjie de bizu he jiaoao" (Lai Afong in Guangdong: The ancestor and pride of Chinese photography). 廣東賴阿芳: 中國攝影界的鼻祖和驕傲. Guangzhou Daily, 27 October 2008, A3.
Two journalistic articles introducing Lai Afong to the Chinese public.

Liang Shitai (also known as See Tay, active 1870s–80s)

Lai, Edwin. "Liang Shitai, Chinese Court Photographer from Hong Kong." In Robert Bersson, Responding to Art: Form, Content, and Context, 160–61. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003.

Miller, Milton (active in China 1859–64)

Palmquist, Peter E., and Thomas R. Kailbourn. "Miller, Milton M." In Peter E. Palmquist and Thomas R. Kailbourn, Pioneer Photographers of the Far West: A Biographical Dictionary, 1840–1865, 401–2. Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 2000.

Morrison, George Ernest (1862–1920)

Morrison, George Ernest. An Australian in China: Being the Narrative of a Quiet Journey across China to British Burma. Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1972.

Morrison, George Ernest, and Hui-min Lo. The Correspondence of G. E. Morrison. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1976.

Pearl, Cyril. Morrison of Peking. Sydney: Angus & Robertson, 1967.

Thompson, Peter, and Robert Macklin. The Man Who Died Twice: The Life and Adventures of Morrison of Peking. Crows Nest, N.S.W.: Allen & Unwin, 2004.

Shen Jiawei, ed. Molixun yan li de jin dai Zhongguo = Old China through G.E. Morrison's Eyes. 莫理循眼里的近代中国. Fuzhou: Fujian Jiaoyu Chubanshe, 2005.

Ogawa, Kazumasa (also known as Ogawa, Isshin; 1860–1930)

Ogawa, Kazumasa. Gengzi shibian sheying tuji: yuanming beiqing shibian xiezhentien (Souvenir of the allies in North China) 庚子事变摄影图集: 原名北淸亊变写真帖. Beijing: Xueyuan Chubanshe, 2000.
This reprint of Ogawa's 1902 publication includes a foreword in Chinese providing a brief history of the Eight-Nation Alliance and the activities of Ogawa. The 132 loose-leaf plates, with three to four images on each, feature photographs of the Austria-Hungarian, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Russian, British, and American troops in Beijing and Tianjin—mainly individual or group portraits in uniform and shots of the troops' encampments, equipments, or weapons. There are also aerial views of Beijing and Tianjin taken from a French air balloon.

———. Nisshin Sensō shashinzu = A Photographic-Album of the Japan-China War 日清戰爭寫眞圖. Tokyo: Hakubundō, 1894–95.
With no introductory text, the photographic images dated from 1894 through 1895 in this hardbound album are credited and copyrighted to Ogawa Isshin in the caption. Captions are given in English and Japanese, and date the image with month and year. Views include group portraits of Japanese officers, battles (and views of naval battles taken from a merchant cruiser), encampments, and battlefields. They are divided into the following sections: The Campaign in Corea; Naval Battle of Haiyang; Fall of Talienwan; Fall of Port Arthur; and Fall of Kinchow. The album ends with a supplemental section, which include reproductions of hand-painted illustrations of battle scenes, and another section of photographs, "The Expedition to Wei-Hai-Wei."

———. Qing dai Beijing huang cheng xie zhen tie = Photographs of Palace Buildings of Beijing 清代北京皇城写真帖. Beijing: Xueyuan Chubanshe, 2000.
This is a high-quality reproduction of the 1906 original by Ogawa Kazumasa Shuppanbu and Tokyo Kokuritsu Hakubutsukan (Photographs of Palace Buildings of Peking, compiled by the Imperial Museum of Tokyo, collotype from the negatives taken by K. Ogawa, with explanatory notes in Japanese by C. Ito, English by T. Tomiogi, Chinese by A. Aoyagi). All 172 plates of photographs have been reprinted, except plates 169 and 170. The English and Japanese index and captions have been removed, and only the Chinese are kept. Subjects include palace architecture, city towers, gates, the Temple of Heaven and the Temple of Agriculture, the Yung-An Temple, as well as detailed views of architectural ornaments and relief carvings on railings and walkways. The book begins with a new introduction by the Chinese publisher, which provides a brief history of Ogawa and his work in China.

Yuanchao Hou. Gugong bainian: yijiu lingling, erling lingwu de heibai jiyi (Palace Museum centennial: Memories in black-and-white, 1900, 2005) 故宮百年: 壹玖零零,貳零零伍的黑白記憶. Beijing: Zijincheng Chubanshe, 2005.
In 2005, the contemporary photographer Hou Yuanchao re-photographed the architecture, palace interiors, throne rooms, and gates of the Forbidden City by adopting the same vantage points of photographs taken of the same subject by Ogawa Kazumasa in 1900. The 50 sets of present-day-versus-historical images are reproduced on large loose-leaf plates; on the verso of the plates are explanatory notes or excerpts from historical texts about the particular sites depicted by Ogawa, or remarks by Hou about the making of the new image.

Ohlmer, Ernst (1847–1927)

Teng Gu. Yuanmingyuan oushi gongdian canji (Ruins of the Western-style palace Yuanmingyuan) 圓明園歐式宮殿殘蹟. Shanghai: Shangwu Yinshuguan, 1933.
The Chinese preface, which provides a brief history of the western architectural style of buildings in Yuanmingyuan, explains that the images included in the book are from negatives in the collection of Ernst Boerschmann (also listed above in this section). The fourteen photographs of what remains of the western-style architecture featured were taken by Ernst Ohlmer during his stay in Peking from 1867 to 1879.

Thiriez, Régine. "Ernst Ohlmer, ein Amateur-Fotograph im Alten Pekin." Hildesheimer Heimat-Kalender (1991): 87–92.

Ricalton, James (1844–1929)

Lucas, Christopher J., ed. James Ricalton's Photographs of China during the Boxer Rebellion: His Illustrated Travelogue of 1900. Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen, 1990.

Ricalton, James. China Through the Stereoscope: A Journey Through the Dragon Empire at the Time of the Boxer Uprising. New York: Underwood & Underwood, 1901.

Stafford, Francis E. (1844–1938)

Stafford, Francis. 20 shiji chu de Zhongguo yinxiang (The origin of modern China: Record from an American photographer) 20世纪初的中国印象. Shanghai: Shanghai Guji Chubanshe, 2001.
Francis E. Stafford was an American photographic journalist who worked at the Shanghai Commercial Press between 1909 and 1915. The book includes rare photographs of the 1911–12 Chinese Republican Revolution, as well as the only existing photographs of Shanghai's famous Commercial Press. There are five chapters: (1) China under misery and unrest; (2) China's Revolution in 1911–12; (3) a progressive metropolis; (4) the Commercial Press; and (5) the divine land during the early time of the Republic.

Thomson, John (1837–1921)

Beach, William Roberts. Visit of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, to Hongkong in 1869. Hong Kong: Noronha & Sons, 1869.

China: Through the Lens of John Thomson, 1868–1872 = 晚清碎影: 约翰・汤姆逊眼中的中国. Beijing: Beijing World Art Museum, 2009.

Gordon, Charles George, John Thomson, and Andrew Wilson. Photographic Album Accompanying The Ever Victorious Army. London, 1868.

Ovenden, Richard. John Thomson (1837–1921) Photographer. Edinburgh: The Stationery Office, 1997.

Parker, Eliot S. China and Its People in Early Photographs: An Unabridged Reprint of the Classic 1873/4 Work. New York: Dover, 1982.

———. "John Thomson, 1837–1921: RGS Instructor in Photography." The Geographical Journal 144 (1978): 463–71.

———. Photographs by John Thomson. New York: Janet Lehr, 1978.

Thomson, John. L'Empire de Chine: Premiers voyages, premières images (1868–1872) . Paris: Albin Michel, 1990.

———. Foochow and the River Min. London: Autotype Fine Art Co., 1873.

———. "Hong Kong Photographers" The British Journal of Photography 19 (1872): 569, 591.

———. Illustrations of China and its People. A Series of Photographs with Letterpress Descriptive of the Places and People Represented. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low, and Searle, 1873–74.

———. The Straits of Malacca, Indo-China, and China. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Low & Searle, 1875.

———. Views on the North River: China through Western Eyes. Hong Kong: Noronha, 1870.

———. Through China with a Camera. London: Harper, 1899.

White, Stephen. John Thomson: A Window to the Orient. New York, N.Y.: Thames & Hudson, 1986.

———. John Thomson, Life and Photographs: The Orient, Street Life in London, through Cyprus with the Camera. London: Thames & Hudson, 1985.

Please also refer to Section 7, "Historical Photography Websites and Online Bibliographies."

Wilshusen, Wilhelm (1873–1966?)

Wilshusen, Wilhelm. Abreise von China: Texte und Photographien von Wilhelm Wilshusen 1901–1919. Basel: Stroemfeld, 1998.

Yamamoto, Sanshichiro (1855–?) 山本讃七郎

Yamamoto, Sanshichiro. Hokushin Jihen shashinchō = Views of the North China Affair 北淸事變寫眞帖. Edited by Seiyō Yamamoto. Tokyo: Kanda Nishikicho, 1901.

———. Peking 北京名勝. Tokyo: S. Yamamoto, 1906.

Zou Boqi (1819–69)

Dai Nianzu. "Zou Boqi de shying ditu he boban sheyingshu" (Zou Boqi's photographic map and glass plate photographic process). Zhongguo keji shiliao (Historical materials on science and technology in China) 21, no. 2 (2000): 25–28.

Li Di. "Zou Boqi dui guanxue de yanjiu" (Zou Boqi's studies on optics). Wuli (Physics) 6, no. 5 (1977): 309–13.

Li Di and Bai Shangshu. "Woguo jindai kexue xianqu Zou Boqi" (Zou Boqi: The science pioneer in Modern China). Ziran kexueshi yanjiu (Studies on the history of natural sciences) 3, no. 4 (1984): 378–90.

Luo Zhengxian. "Shi Zou Boqi Geshu Bu" (Interpreting Zou Boqi's science updates). Zhongguo keji shiliao (Historical materials of science and technology in China) 2 (1983): 31–37.

Moore, Oliver. "Zou Boqi on Vision and Photography in 19th Century China." In The Human Tradition in Modern China, edited by Kenneth J. Hammond and Kristin Stapleton, 33–53. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.

Wang Wei. Baike quanshu shide xuezhe Zou Boqi (Zou Boqi, an encyclopedic scholar). Guangzhou: Guangdong Renmin Chubanshe, 2007.

Wu Jianxin. "Chen Li, Zou Boqi de ziran kexue guan" (Chen Li, Zou Boqi's viewpoints on natural sciences). Journal of Guangdong Education Institute 20, no. 4 (2000): 89–93.
The above references are studies on Zou Boqi on his scientific contribution mainly on optics and cartography, and the development of science in modern China in general.

Zou Boqi. "Sheying zhi qiji" (Notes on a mechanism for capturing images). In Zou zhengjun cungao. Xuxiu siku quanshu. Shanghai: Shanghai Guji Chubanshe, 1873.

———. "Geshu bu" (Science updates). In Baifutang suanxue congshu. Changsha: Guhehua Jingshe, 1874.
The only two published essays by photographic pioneer Zou Boqi himself, focusing primarily on the optical principle of photography.