title banner that reads: J. Paul Getty Trust Occasional Papers in Cultural Heritage Policy

The time is right for adopting a framework for the protection of cultural heritage. 

The J. Paul Getty Trust, prompted by the destruction of cultural heritage in Syria and Iraq, is enlisting the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect to engage in an educational campaign for the protection of cultural heritage in conflict zones. 

The campaign seeks to raise awareness of UN Member States regarding the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its additional protocols, as well as recent resolutions by the UN Security Council. 

To that end, the J. Paul Getty Trust has initiated a series of papers on culture at risk. 

PAPER NO. 4, 2020

The fourth volume of the J. Paul Getty Trust Occasional Papers in Cultural Heritage Policy is the result of a multiday discussion on the issue of cultural heritage under siege. “Cultural Heritage under Siege” features an edited collection of papers and discussions by nineteen scholars and practitioners of different specialties in the field of cultural heritage.


James Cuno assumed his current position as President and CEO of the J. Paul Getty Trust in August 2011. He has held teaching positions at Vassar College, UCLA, Dartmouth, and Harvard, and served as Director of UCLA’s Grunwald Center of the Graphic Arts (1986–89), Dartmouth’s Hood Museum of Art (1989–91), Harvard University Art Museums (1991–2002), Director and Professor of the Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London (2002–04), and President and Director of the Art Institute of Chicago (2004–11).

Thomas G. Weiss is Presidential Professor of Political Science at the City University of New York’s Graduate Center and Director Emeritus of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies. He also is Co-Chair, Cultural Heritage at Risk Project, J. Paul Getty Trust; Distinguished Fellow, Global Governance, The Chicago Council on Global Affairs; and Global Eminence Scholar, Kyung Hee University, Korea.

PAPER NO. 3, 2019

In the third issue of the J. Paul Getty Trust Occasional Papers in Cultural Heritage Policy, philosophers Helen Frowe and Derek Matravers discuss the appropriate response to attacks on cultural heritage in their paper “Conflict and Cultural Heritage: A Moral Analysis of the Challenges of Heritage Protection.” While Frowe and Matravers acknowledge the importance of cultural heritage, they caution that we must carefully consider the complex moral dimensions of forcefully protecting it—namely, the endangerment of human lives—before formulating international policy.


Helen Frowe is Professor of Practical Philosophy and Wallenberg Academy Fellow at Stockholm University, where she directs the Stockholm Centre for the Ethics of War and Peace.

Derek Matravers is Professor of Philosophy at the Open University and a senior member of Darwin College, Cambridge.

PAPER NO. 2, 2018

Cultural Genocide and the Protection of Cultural Heritage” examines the various lenses through which the international community defines attacks on cultural heritage—legal, accountability, security, counterterrorism, and atrocity prevention—and proposes a sixth, cultural genocide, that can be used to recast the debate over how to best protect the world’s cultural heritage.


Edward C. Luck is Arnold A. Saltzman Professor of Professional Practice and Director of the Specialization in International Conflict Resolution, School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), Columbia University. From 2008 to 2012, he served as United Nations assistant secretary-general and as the first special adviser to the UN secretary-general for the responsibility to protect (R2P).

PAPER NO. 1, 2017

Cultural Cleansing and Mass Atrocities: Protecting Cultural Heritage in Armed Conflict Zones” addresses the connection between cultural heritage and cultural cleansing, mass atrocities, and the destruction of cultural heritage. Pulling together various threads of discourse and research, Cultural Cleansing and Mass Atrocities outlines the issues, challenges, and options effecting change.


Thomas G. Weiss is Presidential Professor of Political Science at the City University of New York’s Graduate Center and Director Emeritus of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies. He also is Co-Chair, Cultural Heritage at Risk Project, J. Paul Getty Trust; Distinguished Fellow, Global Governance, The Chicago Council on Global Affairs; and Global Eminence Scholar, Kyung Hee University, Korea.

Nina Connelly is a research associate at the Ralph Bunche Institute of the City University of New York's Graduate Center, where she is researching international development and the United Nations.