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ID: 500034110
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500034110

 

Record Type: Corporate Body
Gobelins Tapestry Manufactory (French tapestry manufactory, active from 1662 to the present)

Note: Although the Gobelins manufactory produced various types of art works, "Gobelins" is most often associated with the creation of tapestries. In the mid-17th century, the head of the Gobelins, Le Brun, worked with artists such as Bandrin Yvart, Joseph Yvart, Adam Frans van der Meulen, Jean-Baptiste Monnoyer, René-Antoine Houasse, Guillaume Anguier and Gilbert de Sēve to specialize in various details (e.g., flowers, animals, and landscapes) and to transfer the overall designs to cartoons that the weavers would use. Over 250 weavers lived in the Gobelins complex or near it. They were paid by the workshop heads according to a scale based on high- or low-warp work, taking into account the difficulty of the work. A fixed salary was instituted in 1790. The output was based on original designs and on famous paintings, such as Raphael's paintings in the Stanze in the Vatican. The work force was reduced due to the war and economic problems in 1694, but it reopened in 1699. The tapestry manufactory was headed by architects beginning in the 18th century. The workshops are famous for having developed the format of tapestries with borders (à alentours) in the 18th century. They also used a wide range of graded colors in non-fast dyes to imitate the effects of painting, resulting in the subsequent loss of color and detail over time. The manufactory continued to flourish in the 19th and 20th centuries, reproducing designs from paintings of Picasso and others. The Gobelins Tapestry Manufactory is still in operation today, but it merged with Beauvais Tapestry Manufactory in 1940.

Names:
Gobelins Tapestry Manufactory (preferred,O,index,English-P,NA,U)
Manufactures nationales de tapisseries des Gobelins
    et de Beauvais, Les
(V,French,NA,U)
 ....  used since 1940
Manufactures nationales de tapisseries des Gobelins,
    Les
(V,French,NA,U)
Manufactures imperiales de Tapisseries des Gobelins,
    les
(H,V,French,NA,U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)
Parisian

Roles:
manufactory (preferred)
tapestry weavers / tapissiers
craftsmen

Gender: not applicable

Start and End Places:
Start:  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
location:   Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
directed by ....  Jans, Jean, I  
....................  (Flemish tapissier, ca. 1618-1691) [500097559]
directed by ....  Lefèbvre, Jean  
....................  (French tapissier and manufactory director, 1600-1675) [500079975]
directed by ....  Neilson, Jacques  from 1749
....................  (French weaver, tapissier, and manufactory director of English birth, 1714-1788) [500115916]
employee was ....  Anguier, Guillaume  
......................  (French architect and painter, 1628-1708) [500115107]
employee was ....  Audran, Jean Joseph  
......................  (French tapissier, active 1771, died 1795) [500055387]
employee was ....  Belin, Jean-Baptiste, the younger  
......................  (French painter, 1688-1730) [500016562]
employee was ....  Belle, Clément Louis Marie Anne  from 1755
......................  (French painter and tapestry designer, 1722-1806) [500013736]
employee was ....  Boucher, Francois  
......................  (French painter, etcher, and draftsman, 1703-1770) [500032143]
employee was ....  Chabal-Dussurgey, Pierre-Adrien  from 1850
......................  (French painter, decorative artist, and teacher, 1819-1902) [500105603]
employee was ....  Cozette, Michel Henri  
......................  (French tapissier, 1744-1822) [500080732]
employee was ....  Cozette, Pierre François  
......................  (French tapissier and painter, 1714-1801) [500009203]
employee was ....  Croix, Jean de la  
......................  (French tapissier and manufactory director, 1662-1712) [500006959]
employee was ....  Danger, Henri-Camille  Danger made cartoons for tapestries
......................  (French painter, 1857-after 1937) [500081637]
employee was ....  Guyot, Laurent  
......................  (French painter and tapestry designer, ca. 1575-after 1644) [500012391]
employee was ....  Houasse, René-Antoine  
......................  (French painter, ca. 1645-1710) [500115105]
employee was ....  Jans, Jean, II  
......................  (Flemish tapissier, ca. 1644-1723, active in France) [500068524]
employee was ....  Le Blond, Etienne  
......................  (French tapissier, ca. 1652-1727) [500115912]
employee was ....  Le Blond, Etienne-Claude  
......................  (French tapissier, died 1751) [500003105]
employee was ....  Meulen, Adam Frans van der  
......................  (Flemish painter, draftsman, born 1631 or 1632, died 1690, also active in France) [500025133]
employee was ....  Monnoyer, Jean-Baptiste  
......................  (French painter and etcher, 1636-1699, active in Paris and London) [500121569]
employee was ....  Neilson, Jacques  from 1728
......................  (French weaver, tapissier, and manufactory director of English birth, 1714-1788) [500115916]
employee was ....  Pillement, Jean-Baptiste  
......................  (French painter and designer, 1728-1808) [500022719]
employee was ....  Sève, Gilbert de  
......................  (French history painter, 1615-1698) [500090549]
employee was ....  Yvart, Baudouin  
......................  (French painter, 1611-1690) [500091835]
employee was ....  Yvart, Joseph  
......................  (French painter and copyist, 1649-1728) [500115101]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Gobelins (I)
 ............  Gobelins Tapestry Manufactory (P,H)

Additional Parents:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Gobelins Tapestry Manufactory (I)

Biographies:
(French tapestry manufactory, active from 1662 to the present) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French tapestry manufactory, active 1662-to present) ..... [JPGM]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Gobelins Tapestry Manufactory ........ [GRLPA Preferred, JPGM Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
...........................................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Manufactures imperiales de Tapisseries des Gobelins, 
    les ........ [VP]
...................................................................................................  Hôtel Drouot, Magnifiques tapisseries des Gobelins (1883)
Manufactures nationales de tapisseries des Gobelins 
    et de Beauvais, Les ........ [VP]
................................................................................................  Liste des artistes, Ministère de la culture [online] (2002) accessed 26 June 2003
Manufactures nationales de tapisseries des Gobelins, 
    Les ........ [VP]
..................................................................................................  Guiffrey, Les Manufactures Nationales de Tapisseries (1907)

Subject: ........ [GRLPA, JPGM, VP]
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
....................  Guiffrey, Les Manufactures Nationales de Tapisseries (1907)
....................  Hôtel Drouot, Magnifiques tapisseries des Gobelins (1883)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Liste des artistes, Ministère de la culture [online] (2002) accessed 26 June 2003
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 26 June 2003
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