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ID: 500122363
 
Record Type: Person
Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France (French ruler, paton, and collector, 1755-1793)

Note: The daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Maria-Theresa, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. Marie-Antoinette was more interested in artistic patronage than her husband, King Louis XVI. She worked on multiple interiors with Richard Mique, and the brothers Jean-Simon Rousseau and Jean-Hugues Rousseau. Jean-Henri Riesener was her cabinetmaker and Pierre Julien a preferred sculptor. She commissioned Sèvres porcelain and her clothes were mainly designed by Rose Bertin. She had her portrait painted by Elisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun and her Peintre de la Reine, Joseph Ducreux. Despite that her taste was born of the naturalistic and purist thought pioneered by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, her patronage was viewed as excessive and inspired resentment, a factor leading up to the French Revolution. She was guillotined in Paris in 1793.

Names:
Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France (preferred,V,display)
Marie-antoinette-joséphe-jeanne D'autriche-lorraine (V,French,NA,U)
Marie-Antoinette (V)
Marie-antoinette-joséphe-jeanne of Austria-Lorraine (V)
Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna Von Österreich-lothringen (V,German,NA,U)
Marie Antoinette, Queen, consort of Louis XVI, King
    of France
(V,index)
Queen Marie Antoinette consort of Louis XVI King of
    France
(V)
Marii︠a︡ Antonii︠a︡ Avstriĭskai︠a︡ (U)
María Antonia (U)
Marie Antoinette (U,LC)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)
Austrian

Roles:
patron (preferred)
collector
ruler
queen

Gender: female

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Vienna (Wien state, Austria) (inhabited place)
Died:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
child of ....  Maria-Theresa, Empress  
..............  (Austrian ruler, patron, and collector, 1717-1780) [500096641]
client of ....  Gouthière, Pierre  
................  (French bronze caster and gilder, 1732-1813) [500001719]
court artist was ....  Bellier, Jean François Marie  
............................  (French painter, 1745-1836) [500020737]
court artist was ....  Ducreux, Joseph  
............................  (French painter, pastelist, and engraver, 1735-1802) [500118929]
member of ....  Bourbon, House of  
................  (French and Spanish rulers, patrons, and collectors, 1589-1792, 1700-1830 ) [500122257]
patron of ....  Bocciardi, Augustin  
................  (French sculptor, ca.1729-1797) [500022416]
patron of ....  Duplessis, Joseph-Siffred  
................  (French painter, 1725-1802) [500016763]
patron of ....  Julien, Pierre  
................  (French sculptor, 1731-1804) [500019744]
patron of ....  Kucharski, Alexander  
................  (Polish painter, 1741-1819) [500028228]
patron of ....  Mique, Richard  
................  (French architect, 1728-1794) [500002777]
patron of ....  Rousseau de la Rottière, Jean-Sinéon  
................  (French painter and interior decorator, 1747-1820) [500053761]
patron of ....  Rousseau, Jules-Hughes  
................  (French sculptor and interior decorator, 1743-1806) [500055842]
patron of ....  Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory  
................  (French porcelain manufactory, active from 1756 to the present) [500054661]
patron of ....  Vigée-LeBrun, Elisabeth Louise  
................  (French painter, 1755-1842) [500010070]
patron of ....  Wertmüller, Adolf Ulric  
................  (Swedish painter, 1751-1811) [500000778]
sibling by marriage (in-law) of ....  Charles X, King of France  
......................................................  (French ruler, patron, and collector, 1757-1836) [500122372]
sibling by marriage (in-law) of ....  Louis XVIII, King of France  
......................................................  (French ruler, patron, and collector, 1755-1824) [500122368]
spouse of ....  Louis XVI, King of France  
................  (French ruler, patron, and collector, 1754-1793) [500122357]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Non-Artists
 ........  Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France (I)

Biographies:
(French ruler, paton, and collector, 1755-1793) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French queen, born 1755) ..... [AVERY]
(artist, 1755-1793) ..... [GRL]

Sources and Contributors:
María Antonia ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80038420
Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna Von Österreich-lothringen ........ [VP]
.........................................................................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 15 March 2005
Marie-Antoinette ........ [VP]
....................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Marie Antoinette ........ [GRL Preferred]
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80038420
Marie-antoinette-joséphe-jeanne D'autriche-lorraine ........ [VP]
........................................................................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 15 March 2005
Marie-antoinette-joséphe-jeanne of Austria-Lorraine ........ [VP]
.......................................................................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 15 March 2005
Marie Antoinette, Queen, consort of Louis XVI, King 
    of France ........ [AVERY Preferred]
..................................................................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France ........ [VP Preferred]
..................................................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 15 March 2005
Marii︠a︡ Antonii︠a︡ Avstriĭskai︠a︡ ........ [GRL]
.....................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80038420
Queen Marie Antoinette consort of Louis XVI King of 
    France ........ [AVERY, VP]
................................................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, GRL, VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 15 March 2005
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 15 March 2005
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 15 March 2005
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