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ID: 500115631
 
Record Type: Corporate Body
Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (French fine arts academy, 1648-1793)

Note: French academy of fine arts established in 1648 under Louis XIV, including an art school in Paris and a branch in Rome, the Académie de France. Its aim, which was to advance the professional and social status of it members, signaled a shift in art education from technical instruction to an aesthetic understanding of fine art. As a result, teaching included classes in anatomy, geometry, history, and geography instead of elements of the workshop practice, such as the application of paint. The Académie mounted exhibitions of members' work, the Salons, and was dissolved in 1793. Founded in 1648 during the reign of Louis XIV, merged with the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1793.

Names:
Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (preferred,V,display)
Académie Royale (V)
Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (V)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)
Parisian

Roles:
academy (preferred)
repository
professional association

Gender: not applicable

Start and End Places:
Start:  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
location:   1648-1793  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
location:   from 1666  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)
location:   Bordeaux (Aquitaine, France) (inhabited place)
location:   Dijon (Burgundy region, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
associated with ....  Cayot, Claude-Augustin  
............................  (French sculptor, 1677-1722) [500014967]
associated with ....  Chauveau, René  
............................  (French sculptor, 1663-1722) [500046785]
associated with ....  Frémin, René  
............................  (French sculptor, 1672-1744) [500016703]
associated with ....  Joly, Jean  
............................  (French sculptor, 1654-1740) [500122484]
member was ....  Adam, Lambert-Sigisbert  
..................  (French sculptor, 1700-1759) [500115320]
member was ....  Adam, Nicolas-Sébastien  
..................  (French sculptor, 1705-1778) [500086236]
member was ....  Allegrain, Christophe-Gabriel  
..................  (French sculptor, 1710-1795) [500122951]
member was ....  Barois, François  
..................  (French sculptor, 1656-1726) [500100051]
member was ....  Beauvallet, Pierre-Nicolas  
..................  (French sculptor, ornamentalist, and painter, 1750-1818) [500040677]
member was ....  Berruer, Pierre-François  
..................  (French sculptor, 1733-1797) [500069937]
member was ....  Bertrand, Philippe  
..................  (French sculptor, 1663-1724) [500091618]
member was ....  Boichot, Guillaume  
..................  (French sculptor, draftsman, and painter, 1735-1814) [500000481]
member was ....  Boizot, Louis-Simon  
..................  (French sculptor, 1743-1809) [500002158]
member was ....  Bouchardon, Edme  
..................  (French sculptor, 1698-1762, active in Rome and France) [500024658]
member was ....  Bourderelle, David  
..................  (French sculptor, 1651-1706) [500122437]
member was ....  Caffieri, Jean-Jacques  
..................  (French sculptor, 1725-1792) [500014899]
member was ....  Charpentier, René  
..................  (French sculptor, draftsman, and printmaker, 1680-1723) [500009015]
member was ....  Chinard, Joseph  
..................  (French sculptor, 1756-1813) [500115874]
member was ....  Clodion  
..................  (French sculptor, 1738-1814) [500115369]
member was ....  Cornu, Jean  
..................  (French sculptor, 1650-1710) [500122445]
member was ....  Coustou, Nicolas  
..................  (French sculptor, 1658-1733) [500031564]
member was ....  David, Jacques-Louis  
..................  (French painter and draftsman, 1748-1825) [500115221]
member was ....  Deseine, Louis-Pierre  
..................  (French sculptor, 1749-1822) [500060078]
member was ....  Drouais, François Hubert  made associate member in 1755
..................  (French painter and portraitist, 1727-1775) [500115441]
member was ....  Falconet, Etienne-Maurice  
..................  (French sculptor and author, 1716-1791) [500115285]
member was ....  Gois, Edme-Etienne-François  
..................  (French sculptor and engraver, 1765-1836) [500040675]
member was ....  Greuze, Jean-Baptiste  
..................  (French painter and draftsman, 1725-1805) [500000119]
member was ....  Houdon, Jean-Antoine  
..................  (French sculptor, 1741-1828) [500003939]
member was ....  Jacques Caffieri  
..................  (French sculptor, 1678-1755) [500055244]
member was ....  Julien, Pierre  
..................  (French sculptor, 1731-1804) [500019744]
member was ....  Ladatte, François  
..................  (Italian sculptor, 1706-1787, active in France) [500006316]
member was ....  La Rue, Louis-Félix de  
..................  (French sculptor and printmaker, 1731-1765) [500030262]
member was ....  Le Brun, Charles  
..................  (French designer, painter, 1619-1690) [500016215]
member was ....  Le comte, Louis  
..................  (French sculptor, 1650-1681) [500122489]
member was ....  Le Lorrain, Robert  
..................  (French sculptor, 1666-1743) [500005853]
member was ....  Lemot, François-Frédéric  
..................  (French sculptor, 1772-1827) [500004961]
member was ....  Roland, Philippe-Laurent  
..................  (French sculptor, 1746-1816) [500022752]
member was ....  Stouf, Jean-Baptiste  
..................  (French sculptor, 1742-1826) [500006237]
predecessor of ....  Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts  
..........................  (French school, Paris, contemporary) [500212030]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (I)

Biographies:
(French fine arts academy, 1648-1793) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French repository, contemporary) ..... [FAL-IU]
(French academy, founded 1648) ..... [GRISC]

Sources and Contributors:
Académie Royale ........ [VP]
................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) "Art, academy of." Accessed 08/27/2002.
................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) linked to Greuze. Accessed 08/27/2002.
Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture ........ [FAL-IU Preferred, VP Preferred]
................................................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) "Art, academy of." Accessed 08/27/2002.; accessed 17 September 2012
................................................................................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
................................................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 08/27/2002.
Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture ........ [VP]
.............................................................................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)

Subject: ........ [FAL-IU, Gallery Systems, GRISC, VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) "Art, academy of." Accessed 08/27/2002.
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n83010352
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 08/27/2002.
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) linked to Greuze. Accessed 08/27/2002.
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n83010352
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001)
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) 11:668
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) Accessed 08/27/2002.
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