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ID: 500115366
 
Record Type: Person
Lorrain, Claude (French painter and draftsman, 1604-1682, active in Italy)

Note: Claude was a very prolific painter, and is often considered the greatest of ideal landscape painters. He was born of peasants Jean and Anne (or Idatte) Gellée in the village of Champagne, then in the independent duchy of Lorraine. Due to an inaccurate inscription, his birth date was long believed to be 1600, but it is now believed to be 1604. His early training is uncertain, but it seems as if he went to Rome at age 13 or so, perhaps as a pastry cook, and then probably went to Naples, where he studied painting. He was highly regarded as an artist. His landscapes depict an image of nature more beautiful and better ordered than nature itself, often including pastoral scenes with shepherds guarding their flocks. He refined the theme, first seen in Venetian painting around 1510, by using light as the principal means both of unifying the composition and of lending beauty to the landscape. His popular works embodied the courtly values of 'high finish' and decorum; among his most important patrons were members of the European nobility and higher clergy. French landscape painter.

Names:
Lorrain, Claude (preferred,V,index,LC)
Claude Lorrain (V,display)
Gellée, Claude (V)
Lorrain, Claude Gellée (V)
Gelleé Le Lorraine, Claude (V)
Lorraine, Claude (V)
Loraine, Claude (V)
Lorain, Claude (V)
Claude (V)
Lorena, Claudio di (V)
Lorena, Claudio (V)
Lorense, Claudio (V)
Lorenese, Claudio (V)
Gelè, Claudio (V)
Gelleè Lorenese, Claudio (V)
Lorineses, Glaudo (V)
Loren, Claudio (V)
Gelè, Claude (V)
Le Lorrain, Claude (V)
le Lorain, Claude (V)
Gelee, Claude (V)
Gelee, Claudius (V)
Claude Gellee, Le Lorrain (V)
Gillee, Le Lorrain, Claude (V)
Claude, Lorrain (V)
Lorrain, Claude de (V)
Lorain, Claude la (V)
Gelée, Claude (U)
Lorena, Claudio de (U)
Lorrain, Claude le (U)
Claudio Lorenese (V)
Claude Gellée (V)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
draftsman
etcher
history artist

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Champagne (Rhône-Alpes, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Italy (Europe) (nation)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assistant of ....  Tassi, Agostino  
......................  (Italian painter, ca. 1579-1644) [500029953]
collaborated with ....  Swanevelt, Herman van  [unidentified]
................................  (Dutch painter, draftsman, and printmaker, ca. 1600-1665, active in France and Italy) [500032980]
patron was ....  Orsini, Paolo Giordano, II  
..................  (Italian patron, poet, and amateur artist, 1591-1656) [500121835]
student of ....  Wals, Goffredo  
..................  (German painter and printmaker, ca. 1605-ca. 1638, active in Italy) [500017839]
teacher of ....  Desiderii, Gian Domenico  
..................  (Italian painter, born ca. 1620-died after 1664) [500316734]
worked with ....  Deruet, Claude  
....................  (French painter, decorative artist, and engraver, 1588-1660) [500005182]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Lorrain, Claude (I)

Biographies:
(French painter and draftsman, 1604-1682, active in Italy) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French artist, 1600-1682) ..... [WCP]
(French painter, 1600-1682) ..... [BHA]
(French, 1600-1682) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French, 1600-1682) ..... [JPGM]
(French painter, 1600-1682) ..... [PROV]
(French artist, 1600-1682) ..... [WCI]
(French landscape painter, 1600-1682) ..... [AVERY]
(artist 1600-1682) ..... [GRL]
(French artist, 1600-1682) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French painter, 1600-1682) ..... [AVERY]
(French painter) ..... [AVERY]
(French painter, 1604-1682) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1600-1682) ..... [GRL]
(French artist) ..... [PROV]

Sources and Contributors:
Claude ........ [GRL, VP]
...............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50036071
...............  Tyndall, Claude and the Poussins (1976) title
...............  Wine, Claude: The Poetic Landscape (1994) title
Claude Gellée ........ [PROV]
............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Claude Gellee, Le Lorrain ........ [WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Claude Lorrain ........ [BHA Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art, JPGM Preferred, PROV, VP]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, European Drawings (1988)
..............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Claude, Lorrain ........ [AVERY]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
Claudio Lorenese ........ [VP]
..................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Gelè, Claude ........ [PROV, VP]
..........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gelè, Claudio ........ [PROV, VP]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gelee, Claude ........ [PROV, VP]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gelée, Claude ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50036071
Gelee, Claudius ........ [PROV, VP]
................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gellée, Claude ........ [BHA, GRL, Grove Art, VP]
..............................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50036071
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Gelleé Le Lorraine, Claude ........ [PROV, VP]
....................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gelleè Lorenese, Claudio ........ [PROV, VP]
.................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gillee, Le Lorrain, Claude ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
....................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
le Lorain, Claude ........ [PROV, VP]
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Le Lorrain, Claude ........ [GRL]
.....................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
.....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50036071
Lorain, Claude ........ [PROV, VP]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lorain, Claude la ........ [PROV, VP]
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Loraine, Claude ........ [PROV, VP]
................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lorena, Claudio ........ [VP]
................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Lorena, Claudio de ........ [GRL]
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50036071
Lorena, Claudio di ........ [PROV, VP]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Loren, Claudio ........ [PROV, VP]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lorenese, Claudio ........ [PROV, VP]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Lorense, Claudio ........ [GRL, VP]
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50036071
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Lorineses, Glaudo ........ [PROV, VP]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lorrain, Claude ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA, GRL Preferred, Grove Art, PROV, VP Preferred]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50036071
................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 50036071
................................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 110
Lorrain, Claude de ........ [PROV, VP]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lorrain, Claude Gellée ........ [GRLPSC, VP]
.............................................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
Lorrain, Claude le ........ [Grove Art, VP]
....................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Lorraine, Claude ........ [GRL]
..................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50036071

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Cabanne, Guide Artistique de la France (1968)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, European Drawings (1988)
....................  Larousse Grande encyclopédie (1983)
....................  Larousse, Grand dictionnaire universel (1982)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL7999084; 50036071
....................  Luna, Claudio de Lorena y el ideal cläsico de paisaje en el siglo XVII (1984)
....................  National Gallery. Illustrated General Catalogue (1986)
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 110
....................  Paris (FRA), Musée national du Louvre
....................  Petit Robert 2: Noms propres (1989)
....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Computer Index database
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 06/18/2002.
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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