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ID: 500115308
 
Record Type: Person
Feininger, Lyonel (German painter, illustrator, and teacher, 1871-1956, active in Germany and America)

Note: Feininger's highly personal style was influenced by Delaunay and Cubism. He moved to Germany in 1887 and enrolled in art classes at the Allgemeinen Gewerbeschule in Hamburg, after which he left for Berlin in 1888 and studied painting at the Royal Academy (Berlin, Germany) from 1888 to 1892. In 1892 and 1906 he attended the art school in Paris run by Filippo Colarossi. From either 1893 to ca. 1907 or 1895 to 1914, Feininger produced illustrations for the journals Ulk, The Chicago Tribune and Le Témoin. He returned to painting in 1907 and was a member of the Berlin Secession from 1909 to 1913 and exhibited with the Blaue Reiter in 1913. He was appointed a Master at the Bauhaus, Weimar, in 1919 and directed the graphic workshop. In 1925 or 1926, Feininger moved to the Bauhaus, Dessau, and continued as a Master until ca. 1932 or 1933 but no longer taught classes. He was the only person to be on staff at the Bauhaus from start to finish. In 1936, Feininger left for New York and a year later, in Germany, his work was declared degenerate by the Nazis. He conducted a course at Mills College (Oakland, California) in either 1936 or from 1936 to 1937. From 1938 to 1939, he designed murals for the Marine Transportation Building and Masterpieces of Art Building at the 1939 New York World's Fair. He was elected president of the Federation of American Painters and Sculptors in 1947 and continued painting until his death in 1956. American painter.

Names:
Feininger, Lyonel (preferred,V,index,LC)
Lyonel Feininger (V,display)
Feininger, Léonell Charles (V)
Feininger, Lyonel Charles Adrian (V)
Feininger, Charles Léonell (U)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
German

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
illustrator
muralist
teacher
cartoonist
woodcutter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  New York City (New York state, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  New York City (New York state, United States) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1887-1888  Hamburg (Hamburg state, Germany) (inhabited place)
active:   1888-1892  Berlin (Berlin state, Germany) (inhabited place)
active:   1892-1906  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
active:   1919-1925  Weimar (Kassel district, Hessen state, Germany) (inhabited place)
active:   1925-1933  Dessau (Halle district, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany) (inhabited place)
active:   from 1936  United States (North and Central America) (nation)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
parent of ....  Feininger, Andreas  
................  (American photographer, 1906-1999) [500031430]
parent of ....  Feininger, T. Lux  
................  (American painter and photographer, 1910-2011, born in Germany) [500021971]
professor at (person to institution) ....  Bauhaus  
................................................................  (German art school, 1919-1933) [500125058]
teacher at (person to institution) ....  Black Mountain College  
............................................................  (American liberal arts college, active 1933-1957) [500125890]
teacher of ....  Ardon, Mordecai  
..................  (Israeli painter, 1896-1992) [500030956]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Feininger, Lyonel (I)

Biographies:
(German painter, illustrator, and teacher, 1871-1956, active in Germany and America) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1871-1956) ..... [GRL]
(American painter, 1871-1956) ..... [AVERY]
(American artist, 1871-1956) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(American artist, 1871-1956) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1871-1956) ..... [WCP]
(American painter, 1871-1956) ..... [PROV]
(American, 1871-1956) ..... [GRLPSC]
(American painter, illustrator, muralist and teacher; born New York (City) (New York, United States), 1871; died New York (City) (New York, United States), 1956) ..... [CCA]
(American painter, 1871-1956) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Feininger, Charles Léonell ........ [GRL]
.....................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50001305
Feininger, Léonell Charles ........ [CCA, GRL]
.....................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.....................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50001305
Feininger, Lyonel ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
....................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50001305
....................................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 178
....................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Feininger, Lyonel Charles Adrian ........ [CCA, GRL]
................................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50001305
Lyonel Feininger ........ [CCA, PROV, VP]
..................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, GRL, GRLPSC, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Luckhardt, Lyonel Feininger (1989) 172-181
....................  Ness, Lyonel Feininger (1974) 20-23
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 178
....................  Phaidon Dictionary of Twentieth Century Art (1973)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) (2002-)
....................  Who Was Who in American Art (1985)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
.......... CCA Authority File (1980-)
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Luckhardt, Lyonel Feininger (1989)
.......... Ness, Lyonel Feininger (1974)
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