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ID: 500115221
 
Record Type: Person
David, Jacques-Louis (French painter and draftsman, 1748-1825)

Note: David is considered the most influential painter of the Neoclassical movement in France, characterized by a style of austere and ethical painting that reflects the moral climate of the last years of the ancien régime. He became an active revolutionary and worked for the new French Republic. He was then attracted to Napoleon I and developed an Empire style marked by warm Venetian color. Following the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1816, David went into exile in Brussels. He had a large number of pupils, and his influence was felt by the majority of French 19th-century painters. His compositional innovations were a break with the existing Rococo fantasy.

Names:
David, Jacques-Louis (preferred,V,index)
Jacques-Louis David (V,display)
David, Jacques Louis (V,LC)
Jacques Louis David (V)
David, Louis (V)
Louis David (V)
David, Zhak Lui (U)
Ta-wei-tʻe (U)
David, J.-L. (U)
David, Cen (U)
Ta-wei, Lu-i (U)
David, Lui (U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)
Parisian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
draftsman
portraitist
painter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Brussels (Bruxelles region, Belgium) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
active:   Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   Brussels (Bruxelles region, Belgium) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
colleague of ....  Taunay, Nicolas Antoine  
......................  (French painter, 1755-1830) [500019829]
cousin of ....  Debret, Jean Baptiste  
................  (French painter and printmaker, 1768-1848) [500011760]
member of ....  Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture  
................  (French fine arts academy, 1648-1793) [500115631]
patron was ....  Louis XVI, King of France  
..................  (French king, 1754-1793) [500122357]
patron was ....  Napolean I, Emperor of the French  
..................  (French ruler, patron, and collector, 1769-1821) [500122388]
student of ....  Boucher, François  
..................  (French painter, etcher, and draftsman, 1703-1770) [500032143]
student of ....  Vien, Joseph-Marie, the elder  
..................  (French painter, engraver, and draftsman, 1716-1809) [500018830]
teacher of ....  Agasse, Jacques Laurent  
..................  (Swiss painter and printmaker, 1767-1849) [500012871]
teacher of ....  Aparicio, José  
..................  (Spanish painter, 1770-1838) [500030856]
teacher of ....  Arnold, Carl Heinrich  
..................  (German painter, draftsman, and lithographer, 1793-1874) [500102369]
teacher of ....  Audubon, John James  
..................  (American painter and naturalist, 1785-1851) [500016578]
teacher of ....  Auzou, Pauline  
..................  (French painter, 1775-1835) [500014314]
teacher of ....  Bartolini, Lorenzo  
..................  (Italian sculptor and draftsman, 1777-1850) [500002243]
teacher of ....  Bergeret, Pierre-Nolasque  
..................  (French painter, printmaker, and designer, 1782-1863) [500012958]
teacher of ....  Bitter  
..................  (French painter, died 1832) [500012593]
teacher of ....  Bourgeois, Albert Paul  
..................  (French painter, active 1804, died 1812) [500061660]
teacher of ....  Bourjot, Ferdinand  
..................  (French architect, painter, and watercolorist, 1768-after 1838) [500027708]
teacher of ....  Buguet, Henri  
..................  (French painter, 1761-1833) [500058967]
teacher of ....  Burch, Jacques-Hippolyte van der  
..................  (French landscapist and writer, born 1786 or 1796, died 1854 or 1856) [500025356]
teacher of ....  Carbonnier, Casimir  
..................  (French painter, 1787-1873) [500024621]
teacher of ....  Cathelineau, Gaëtan  
..................  (French painter, 1787-1859) [500052256]
teacher of ....  Charpentier, Constance Marie  
..................  (French painter, 1767-1849) [500025410]
teacher of ....  Colson, Guillaume-François  
..................  (French painter and draftsman, 1785-1850) [500086674]
teacher of ....  Couder, Auguste  
..................  (French painter, 1790-1873) [500011490]
teacher of ....  Detouche, Paul Émile  
..................  (French painter and draftsman, 1794-1874) [500041366]
teacher of ....  Devouges, Louis Benjamin Marie  
..................  (French painter, 1770-1842) [500051892]
teacher of ....  Drouais, Jean-Germain  
..................  (French painter, 1763-1788) [500115514]
teacher of ....  Ducis, Louis  
..................  (French painter, 1775-1847) [500014429]
teacher of ....  Duval Le Camus, Pierre  
..................  (French painter, printmaker, and public official, 1790-1854) [500015253]
teacher of ....  Eckersberg, C. W.  
..................  (Danish painter and teacher, 1783-1853) [500115283]
teacher of ....  Fabre, François-Xavier  
..................  (French painter, printmaker, and collector, 1766-1837) [500026521]
teacher of ....  Forbin, Auguste  
..................  (French painter, archaeologist, and museum administrator, 1777-1841) [500032762]
teacher of ....  Franck, Philippe  
..................  (French painter, ca. 1780-1837) [500078874]
teacher of ....  Garneray, Jean-François  
..................  (French painter, 1755-1837) [500005059]
teacher of ....  Gautherot, Pierre  
..................  (French sculptor and painter, 1769-1825) [500072779]
teacher of ....  Genty, Jean Baptiste  
..................  (French miniaturist, born 1770, active from 1799) [500053962]
teacher of ....  Gérard, François, Baron  
..................  (French painter, 1770-1837) [500115453]
teacher of ....  Girodet de Roucy-Trioson, Anne-Louis  1783 or 1784
..................  (French painter and illustrator, 1767-1824) [500115482]
teacher of ....  Gros, Jean-Antoine  
..................  (French painter, 1725-after 1786) [500057324]
teacher of ....  Haert, Hendrik Van der  
..................  (Belgian painter, sculptor, and engraver, 1790-1846) [500112416]
teacher of ....  Hennequin, Philippe Auguste  
..................  (French painter, draftsman, and engraver, 1762-1833) [500004240]
teacher of ....  Hollier, Jean Francois  
..................  (French miniaturist, 1772-1845) [500081893]
teacher of ....  Huyot, Jean-Nicholas  
..................  (French architect, 1780-1840) [500056103]
teacher of ....  Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique  
..................  (French painter and draftsman, 1780-1867) [500028037]
teacher of ....  Isabey, Jean-Baptiste  
..................  (French painter, draftsman, and printmaker, 1767-1855) [500031174]
teacher of ....  Karpff, Jean-Jacques  
..................  (French painter, miniaturist, and draftsman, 1770-1829) [500093906]
teacher of ....  Kleyn, Pieter Rudolph  1801-1809
..................  (Dutch artist, 1795-1816) [500025401]
teacher of ....  Laby, Auguste François  
..................  (French painter and lithographer, 1784-1860) [500044525]
teacher of ....  Lair, Jean Louis César  
..................  (French painter, 1781-1828) [500099879]
teacher of ....  Lassus, Alexandre Victoire de  
..................  (French painter, 1781-after 1830) [500033851]
teacher of ....  Lecarpentier, Paul Claude Michel  
..................  (French painter, sculptor, and engraver, 1787-1877) [500030663]
teacher of ....  Leroux, Jean Marie  
..................  (French engraver, 1788-1870) [500089121]
teacher of ....  Libour, Esprit Aimé  
..................  (French painter, 1784-after 1845) [500074925]
teacher of ....  Mayer, Constance  
..................  (French painter, 1775-1821) [500014284]
teacher of ....  Mérimée, Prosper  
..................  (French painter, 1803-1870) [500024376]
teacher of ....  Michallon, Achille Etna  
..................  (French painter and printmaker, 1796-1822) [500030742]
teacher of ....  Mol, Wouter  1808
..................  (Dutch painter, born 1785 or 1786, died 1857) [500024005]
teacher of ....  Montagny, Elie-Honoré  
..................  (French history painter and draftsman, died 1864) [500047986]
teacher of ....  Odevaere, Joseph Denis  
..................  (Flemish painter and lithographer, 1778-1830) [500029603]
teacher of ....  Petit, Louis Marie  
..................  (French painter and engraver, 1784-after 1839) [500066939]
teacher of ....  Peyranne, Philippe  
..................  (French painter, born 1780) [500084580]
teacher of ....  Phelippes, Charles François  
..................  (French painter, died 1867) [500093945]
teacher of ....  Picot, François-Edouard  
..................  (French painter, 1786-1868) [500027989]
teacher of ....  Prot, Louis  
..................  (French painter, exhibited 1806-1819) [500065155]
teacher of ....  Pujol, Alexandre Denis Abel de  
..................  (French painter, historian, and portraitist, 1785-1861) [500003536]
teacher of ....  Quay, Maurice  
..................  (French painter, ca. 1779-1804) [500028271]
teacher of ....  Ramboux, Johann Anton  
..................  (German painter, printmaker, and conservator, 1790-1866) [500017665]
teacher of ....  Robert, Louis Léopold  
..................  (Swiss painter, 1794-1835, active also in France and Italy) [500027324]
teacher of ....  Rude, Sophie  
..................  (French painter, 1797-1867) [500012157]
teacher of ....  Souchon, François  
..................  (French painter, 1787-1857) [500006590]
teacher of ....  Sudre, Jean Pierre  
..................  (French painter and lithographer, 1783-1866) [500029219]
teacher of ....  Topino-Lebrun, François Jean-Baptiste  
..................  (French painter, born 1764 or 1769, died 1801) [500086368]
teacher of ....  Vermay, Jean Baptiste  
..................  (French painter, ca.1790-1833) [500014117]
teacher of ....  Veron, Alexandre Paul Joseph  
..................  (French painter, born 1733, active 1801-1838) [500089499]
teacher of ....  Wicar, Jean Baptiste Joseph  
..................  (French painter, 1762-1834) [500029542]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  David, Jacques-Louis (I)

Biographies:
(French painter and draftsman, 1748-1825) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1748-1825) ..... [GRL]
(French painter, 1748-1825) ..... [Grove Art]
(French artist, 1748-1825) ..... [WCP]
(French painter and draftsman, 1748-1825) ..... [VP]
(French painter, 1748-1825) ..... [PROV]
(French, 1748-1825) ..... [JPGM]
(French, 1748-1825) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French painter, 1748-1825) ..... [BHA]
(French artist, 1748-1825) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
David, Cen ........ [GRL]
......................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50035639
David, Jacques Louis ........ [GRL Preferred, PROV, WL-Courtauld]
.........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50035639
.........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
David, Jacques-Louis ........ [BHA Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
...........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
...........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
...........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
...........................................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 137
David, J.-L. ........ [GRL]
...........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50035639
David, Louis ........ [BHA, GRL, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..........................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..........................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50035639
..........................  Witt Library, Authority files
David, Lui ........ [GRL]
......................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50035639
David, Zhak Lui ........ [GRL]
...............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50035639
Jacques Louis David ........ [PROV]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Jacques-Louis David ........ [VP]
.........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Louis David ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
........................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Ta-wei, Lu-i ........ [GRL]
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50035639
Ta-wei-tʻe ........ [GRL]
.......................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50035639

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Clark Art Institute (n.d.)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Larousse, Grand dictionnaire universel (1982)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 137
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 07/17/2002.
.......... Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996)
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