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 Representative Images:    1  2  3
ID: 500115198
 
Record Type: Person
Eakins, Thomas (American painter, photographer, and sculptor, 1844-1916)

Note: American painter, photographer, and sculptor, best known for his precise, exacting paintings in the tradition of the Barbizon School and Velásquez. He studied with Gérome and others in Paris from 1866-1869, but returned to Philadelphia in 1870 where he painted local figures and scenes that emphasized emotional truth and visual fact. His interest in science led to probably his best-known painting, "The Gross Clinic" (1875), showing the famous surgeon in the operating theater. The picture shocked contemporaries with its frank depiction of blood. Eakins taught at the Philadelphia Academy of the Arts from 1876-1878, reforming the teaching methods and giving priority to painting from live nude models as oppose to drawing from plaster casts. American artist.

Names:
Eakins, Thomas (preferred,V,index,LC)
Thomas Eakins (V,display)
Eakins, Thomas Cowperthwait (V)
Eakins, Thomas Cowperthwaite (U)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
photographer
painter
sculptor
portraitist
teacher

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Philadelphia (Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  Philadelphia (Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, United States) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Philadelphia (Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, United States) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
spouse of ....  Eakins, Susan Macdowell  from 1884
................  (American painter, 1851-1938) [500022847]
student of ....  Bonnat, Léon  
..................  (French painter, teacher, and collector, 1833-1922) [500016107]
student of ....  Gérôme, Jean-Léon  
..................  (French painter and sculptor, 1824-1904) [500115563]
teacher of ....  Ahrens, Ellen Wetherald  
..................  (American painter, 1859-1938) [500117527]
teacher of ....  Albright, Ivan  
..................  (American painter, 1897-1983) [500016413]
teacher of ....  Anshutz, Thomas Pollock  
..................  (American painter, 1851-1912) [500011734]
teacher of ....  Barnitz, Myrtle Townsend  
..................  (American painter and sculptor, 1865-1946) [500103423]
teacher of ....  Bredin, Rae Sloan  
..................  (American painter and teacher, 1881-1933) [500097873]
teacher of ....  Browne, Charles Francis  
..................  (American painter and muralist, 1859-1920) [500032485]
teacher of ....  Budd, Charles Jay  
..................  (American painter and illustrator, 1859-1926) [500005897]
teacher of ....  Cox, Charles Brinton  
..................  (American painter and sculptor, 1864-1905) [500085249]
teacher of ....  Dillaye, Blanche  1877-1882
..................  (American painter, etcher, and illustrator, 1851-1931) [500087488]
teacher of ....  Eakins, Susan Macdowell  
..................  (American painter, 1851-1938) [500022847]
teacher of ....  Grafly, Charles  
..................  (American sculptor, 1862-1929) [500053705]
teacher of ....  Hamilton, John McLure  1878
..................  (American painter and lithographer, 1853-1936) [500003817]
teacher of ....  Moore, Harry Humphrey  
..................  (American painter, 1844-1926) [500023216]
teacher of ....  Peel, Paul  
..................  (Canadian painter, 1860-1892) [500021333]
teacher of ....  Reid, George Agnew  
..................  (Canadian painter, 1860-1947) [500030167]
teacher of ....  Richards, Frederick Thompson  
..................  (American painter and illustrator, 1864-1921) [500074875]
teacher of ....  Stephens, Alice Barber  
..................  (American painter, illustrator, and printmaker, 1858-1932) [500024924]
teacher of ....  Stokes, Frank Wilbert  
..................  (American painter, 1858-1955) [500117488]
teacher of ....  Tanner, Henry Ossawa  
..................  (American painter, 1859-1937) [500005351]
teacher of ....  Van Ingen, W. B.  
..................  (American painter and muralist, 1858-1955) [500009548]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Eakins, Thomas (I)

Biographies:
(American painter, photographer, and sculptor, 1844-1916) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1844-1916) ..... [GRL]
(American artist, 1884-1916) ..... [AVERY]
(American painter, 1844-1916) ..... [Grove Art]
(American artist, 1844-1916) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(American artist, 1844-1916) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1844-1916) ..... [WCP]
(American painter, 1844-1916) ..... [PROV]
(American, 1844-1916) ..... [JPGM]
(American painter and sculptor, 1844-1916) ..... [GRLPSC]
(American painter, 1844-1916) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Eakins, Thomas ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80061185
..............................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 163
..............................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
..............................  Witt Library, Authority files
Eakins, Thomas Cowperthwait ........ [VP, WCI Preferred]
.......................................................  Witt Computer Index database
Eakins, Thomas Cowperthwaite ........ [Grove Art]
.........................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Thomas Eakins ........ [AVERY, PROV, VP]
............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 163
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Computer Index database
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 217
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