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ID: 500054662
 
Record Type: Corporate Body
Meissen Porcelain Manufactory (German porcelain factory, active from 1710 to the present)

Note: Established as the Saxon royal porcelain factory under the patronage of Augustus II, Meissen was the first to duplicate the recipe of the true hard-paste porcelain produced in China and Japan. It remained the dominant porcelain factory in Europe until 1750 when it was eclipsed by the royal French manufactory of Sévres. Meissen's first director was the alchemist Johann Friedrich Böttger, who invented an extremely hard, red stoneware, which could be polished, engraved, or cut into facets. The form and decorations were inspired by Chinese and Japanese porcelain. With the introduction of Johann Gergorius Höroldt as chief painter in 1720, more colors were introduced. The factory became known throughout out Europe for its faithful copies of East Asian scenes.

Names:
Meissen Porcelain Manufactory (preferred,V,index)
Meissen porcelain factory (V)

Nationalities:
German (preferred)

Roles:
manufactory (preferred)
porcelain makers

Gender: not applicable

Start and End Places:
Start:  Meissen (Dresden district, Saxony, Germany) (inhabited place)

Events:
location:   from 1710  Meissen (Dresden district, Saxony, Germany) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
employee was ....  Acier, Michel-Victor  1764-1780
......................  (French sculptor and modeler, 1736-1795, active in Germany) [500059554]
employee was ....  Aufenwerth, Johann  
......................  (German goldsmith, porcelain painter, and enameler, 1682-1728) [500091554]
employee was ....  Eberlein, Johann Friedrich  
......................  (German porcelain modeler and sculptor, 1696-1749) [500022920]
employee was ....  Hauer, Bonaventura Gottlieb  from 1724
......................  (German porcelain painter, 1710-1770) [500329550]
employee was ....  Herold, Christian Frederich  
......................  (German porcelain painter, 1700-1779) [500055254]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Meissen Porcelain Manufactory (I)

Biographies:
(German porcelain factory, active from 1710 to the present) ..... [VP Preferred]

Sources and Contributors:
Meissen porcelain factory ........ [GRLPSC Preferred]
.................................................  Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts (1989)
Meissen Porcelain Manufactory ........ [VP Preferred]
...........................................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)

Subject: ........ [GRLPSC, VP]
....................  Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts (1989)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
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