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 Representative Images:    1
ID: 500032949
 
Record Type: Person
Munch, Edvard (Norwegian painter, printmaker, and draftsman, 1863-1944)

Note: Munch, one of the most noted Norwegian artists, was concerned with the expressive representation of emotions and personal relationships in his work. He was associated with the international development of Symbolism during the 1890s and recognized as a major influence on Expressionism. His early work was conventionally naturalistic; by 1884, he belonged to the avant-garde circle of the painter Christian Krøhg. During stays in Paris between 1889 and1892 Munch was influenced by the symbolists, van Gogh, and, above all, Gauguin; it was during this time that he established his characteristic nervous linear style. An exhibition of more than 50 of Munch's work at the Berlin Kunstlerverein (Artists' Union) in 1892 was so scandalous that it was closed after a week with the repercussions leading to the formation of the Berlin Sezession in 1899. Much of the next ten years was spent in Berlin associating with writers such as Richard Dehmel and August Strindberg and creating works featuring his recurrent themes of sexual awareness, illness, jealousy, and insanity. These intense and disturbing works reflected not only Symbolist preoccupations but Munch's difficulties stemming from his own traumatic childhood during which his mother and sister died and his father nearly went mad. While in Berlin he produced his first prints, with lithographs and woodcuts becoming equally important to his paintings. In 1908, he suffered a nervous breakdown and in 1909 he returned permanently to Norway, deliberately abandoning his disturbing themes as part of his recovery. His work became more outgoing, his palette brighter, and his themes more optimistic although his self-portraits retained their earlier intensity. After 1916 Munch became increasingly reclusive and his work regained some of its earlier urgency. He lived at Ekely outside Oslo; when he died he left over 20,000 works to the city. During Munch's lifetime there were many exhibitions of his work in Oslo, Prague, Stockholm, and German cities.

Names:
Munch, Edvard (preferred,V,index,LC)
Edvard Munch (V,display)
Munch, E. (V)
Munk, Ėdvard (U)
Munch, Edward (U)
מונק, אדוארד (U)
מונק, אדווארד (U)

Nationalities:
Norwegian (preferred)
Scandinavian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
draftsman
printmaker
lithographer
woodcutter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Løten (Hedmark, Norway) (inhabited place)
Died:  Oslo (Oslo county, Norway) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Middelthun, Julius Olavus  in 1881 at the Tegneskole in Kristiania
..................  (Norwegian sculptor, 1820-1886) [500122010]
student of ....  Thaulow, Fritz  in 1883 Munch attended Thaulow's Friluftsakademi at Modum
..................  (Norwegian painter and engraver, 1847-1906, active also in France) [500015798]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Munch, Edvard (I)

Biographies:
(Norwegian painter, printmaker, and draftsman, 1863-1944) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, 1863-1944) ..... [GRL]
(Norwegian painter) ..... [AVERY]
(Norwegian painter, 1863-1944) ..... [AVERY]
(Norwegian artist, 1863-1944) ..... [WCP]
(Norwegian painter, 1863-1944) ..... [PROV]
(Norwegian, 1863-1944) ..... [JPGM]
(Norwegian, 1863-1944) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Norwegian painter, printmaker, 1863-1944) ..... [BHA]
(Norwegian painter, 1863-1944) ..... [Grove Art]
(Norwegian artist, 1863-1944) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Edvard Munch ........ [PROV, VP]
..........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Munch, E. ........ [AVERY, GRL, VP]
....................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006348
Munch, Edvard ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
............................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
............................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 18 July 2005
............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006348
............................  Witt Library, Authority files
............................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 482
Munch, Edward ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006348
Munk, Ėdvard ........ [GRL]
.........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006348
מונק, אדוארד ........ [GRL]
........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006348
מונק, אדווארד ........ [GRL]
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79006348

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Artist Biographies Master Index (1986)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 18 July 2005
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 482
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 18 July 2005
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 482
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