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 Representative Images:    1  2  3
ID: 500032644
 
Record Type: Person
Watteau, Jean-Antoine (French painter and draftsman, 1684-1721)

Note: One of the originators of the Rococo style. The son of a roof tiler, Watteau showed a penchant for drawing and painting early in life. At eighteen he was apprenticed to a painter in his native town of Valenciennes. Soon after, with little money and few possessions, he made his way to Paris, where he made a living by copying the works of Titian and Paolo Veronese. There he entered the studio of Claude Audran III, the most renowned decorator in Paris; he also met Claude Gillot, a decorator of theatrical scenery. The theatrical qualities of Watteau's paintings and drawings recall artificial illumination, costumes, and painted backdrops, reflecting Gillot's influence. Watteau's subjects, often including figures from the commedia dell'arte, reflect his constant observation of the theater and the studies he often drew during performances. Watteau invented a new type of painting, the 'fête galante,' which comprise large scenes of well-to-do men and women enjoying themselves outdoors. This allowed him to showcase his talent for conveying the delights and enchantments of nature and led to repeated commissions from such connoisseurs as Pierre Crozat. For years after his death, his compositions remained widely known in Europe through the circulation of engravings and drawings.

Names:
Watteau, Jean-Antoine (preferred,V,index)
Jean-Antoine Watteau (V,display)
Watteau, Jean Antoine (V)
Watteau, Antoine (V,LC)
Wataux, Jean-Antoine (V)
Wattaux, Jean-Antoine (V)
Watteaux, Jean-Antoine (V)
Watteax, Jean-Antoine (V)
Vatteau, Jean-Antoine (V)
Vateau, Jean-Antoine (V)
Wattau, Jean-Antoine (V)
Vatto, Antuan (V)
Jean Antoine Watteau (V)
Antoine Watteau (V)
Wateau, Jean Antoine (U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
draftsman
printmaker

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Valenciennes (Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
friend of ....  Vleughels, Nicolas  
................  (French painter and teacher of Flemish origin, 1668-1737) [500015208]
influenced ....  Lancret, Nicolas  
....................  (French painter, draftsman, and collector, 1690-1743) [500029432]
related to ....  Filloeul, Pierre  
..................  (French engraver, born 1696) [500040879]
student of ....  Audran, Claude, III  
..................  (French painter and designer, 1658-1734) [500030280]
student of ....  Gillot, Claude  
..................  (French draftsman, painter, and engraver, 1673-1722) [500115197]
teacher of ....  Caylus, Anne-Claude-Philippe de  
..................  (French antiquarian and printmaker, 1692-1765) [500014478]
teacher of ....  Pater, Jean-Baptiste  
..................  (French painter, 1695-1736) [500005903]
uncle of ....  Watteau, Louis Joseph  
..............  (French painter and draftsman, 1731-1798) [500011569]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Watteau, Jean-Antoine (I)

Biographies:
(French painter and draftsman, 1684-1721) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French artist) ..... [AVERY]
(French artist, 1684-1721) ..... [AVERY]
(artist, 1684-1721) ..... [GRL]
(French artist, 1684-1721) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French artist, 1684-1721) ..... [WCP]
(French painter, 1684-1721) ..... [PROV]
(French painter, printmaker, 1684-1721) ..... [BHA]
(French, 1684-1721) ..... [JPGM]
(French, 1684-1721) ..... [GRLPSC]

Sources and Contributors:
Antoine Watteau ........ [AVERY, VP]
................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Jean-Antoine Watteau ........ [VP]
...........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Jean Antoine Watteau ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Vateau, Jean-Antoine ........ [VP]
...........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Vatteau, Jean-Antoine ........ [VP]
.............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Vatto, Antuan ........ [GRL, VP]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50043693
............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
Wataux, Jean-Antoine ........ [VP]
...........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Wateau, Jean Antoine ........ [GRL]
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50043693
Wattau, Jean-Antoine ........ [VP]
...........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Wattaux, Jean-Antoine ........ [VP]
.............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Watteau, Antoine ........ [AVERY Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV, VP]
..................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
..................................  Gaehtgens, Genre Painting in 18th Century, Age of Watteau, Chardin, Fragonard (2003) 81
..................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 18 Oct 2002
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50043693
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 50043693, accessed 11 November 2006
..................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
Watteau, Jean Antoine ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL, GRLPSC, PROV Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
...........................................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
...........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50043693
...........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Watteau, Jean-Antoine ........ [AVERY, PROV, VP Preferred]
.............................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.............................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 18 Oct 2002
.............................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Watteaux, Jean-Antoine ........ [VP]
...............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Watteax, Jean-Antoine ........ [VP]
.............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bellier and Auvray, Dictionnaire général des artistes (1979)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Gaehtgens, Genre Painting in 18th Century, Age of Watteau, Chardin, Fragonard (2003) 81
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 9 Sep 2002; accessed 18 Oct 2002
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Larousse, Grand dictionnaire universel (1982)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 50043693, accessed 11 November 2006
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 9 October 2007
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 731
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