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ID: 500031212
 
Record Type: Person
Hopper, Edward (American painter, 1882-1967)

Note: Hopper was one of the premier Realist painters of the 1930s and 1940s. In 1900, Hopper studied portrait and still-life painting with William Merritt Chase, but he preferred to take classes with Kenneth Hayes Miller and Robert Henri. In 1906, Hopper worked as a part-time illustrator, but by autumn of that year he went to Paris to study the work of European artists. His painting from this period and soon after reflects the influence of "plein air" painting and Impressionism. Hopper continued to work as an illustrator, garnering more critical and commercial success with it than painting, although he loathed this work. By 1925, Hopper began to develop his signature, where the focus is on only one or two solitary figures often consumed by vast outdoors spaces or cramped city streets. His landscapes also evoke a similar haunting loneliness. One of Hopper's most well known works is a poignant portrayal of urban alienation, "The Night Hawks" (1942). With the emergence of Abstract Expressionism in the 1940s, Hopper's work was seen as illustrative and obsolete. Pop Art and Photorealism resurrected his reputation. American artist.

Names:
Hopper, Edward (preferred,V,index,LC)
Edward Hopper (V,display)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
illustrator
engraver (printmaker)
printmaker

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Nyack (Rockland county, New York state, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  New York City (New York state, United States) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Chase, William Merritt  
..................  (American painter and printmaker, 1849-1916) [500115356]
student of ....  Henri, Robert  
..................  (American painter, 1865-1929) [500005486]
student of ....  Miller, Kenneth Hayes  
..................  (American painter, printmaker, and sculptor, 1876-1952) [500025218]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Hopper, Edward (I)

Biographies:
(American painter, 1882-1967) ..... [BHA Preferred]
(American painter, 1882-1967) ..... [Grove Art]
(American artist, 1882-1967) ..... [AVERY]
(artist, 1882-1967) ..... [GRL]
(American artist, 1882-1967) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(American artist, 1882-1967) ..... [WCI]
(Engraver, 1882-1967) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1882-) ..... [WCP]
(American painter, 1882-1967) ..... [PROV]
(American painter, 1882-1967) ..... [GRLPSC]
(American artist, 1882-1967) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Edward Hopper ........ [PROV]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Hopper, Edward ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79060609
..............................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
..............................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Britannica Encyclopedia of American Art (1973)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Fielding, Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors, Engravers (1987)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Young, Dictionary of American Artists (1968)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) vol. 14, p. 751
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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