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ID: 500030629
 
Record Type: Person
Morris, William (English designer, writer, and activist, 1834-1896)

Note: Best known for extremely influential designs in the decorative arts and as a political activist. Taking the Medieval craft guild as his model, he believed art derived from a craftsman's pleasure of work was instrumental to the rebirth of art. He established "The Firm," a company that designed furniture, wallpaper, and textiles, which included Rosetti, Ford Madox Brown, and Burne-Jones. His concerns that the artist should understand the craft process and to honor the materials chosen was later reflected in the ideas of the Bauhaus. He created a few paintings, but produced primarily stained glass, textiles, wallpapers, and book arts. British designer, craftsman, poet and political theorist.

Names:
Morris, William (preferred,V,index)
William Morris (V,display)
Morris, William M. (V)

Nationalities:
British (modern) (preferred)
English

Roles:
artist (preferred)
craftsman
designer
author
activist
painter
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Walthamstow (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (neighborhood)
Died:  Hammersmith (London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (neighborhood)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice was ....  Brangwyn, Frank  from 1882 to 1884
..........................  (English painter and graphic artist, 1867-1956) [500026093]
associated with ....  Jeffrey & Co.  
............................  (English wallpaper manufactory, ca. 1836-ca. 1930) [500330982]
colleague of ....  Burne-Jones, Edward  
......................  (English painter, 1833-1898) [500001381]
employee was ....  Murray, Charles Fairfax  
......................  (British painter, collector, dealer, 1849-1919) [500012065]
founder of ....  Kelmscott Press  
..................  (English printing press, founded 1890) [500121771]
friend of ....  Deverell, Walter Howell  
................  (English painter, 1827-1854) [500029452]
friend of ....  Rossetti, Dante Gabriel  
................  (British Pre-Raphaelite painter, 1828-1882) [500022594]
master of ....  Art Workers' Guild  1892
................  (English group of artists, designers, architects, and craftsmen, established 1884) [500117045]
parent of ....  Morris, May  
................  (British needlework artist and designer, 1862-1938) [500000623]
related to ....  Merton Abbey Tapestry Works  
..................  (English tapestry manufactory, founded 1881) [500114241]
related to ....  Morris & Co.  
..................  (English furntiture manufactory and design firm, 1855-1932, located in London) [500034099]
spouse of ....  Morris, Jane  
................  (English artists' model and needleworker, 1839-1914) [500329385]
teacher of ....  Dearle, John Henry  
..................  (British glassmaker, weaver, designer, 1860-1932) [500003663]
uncle of ....  Murray, Charles Fairfax  
..............  (British painter, collector, dealer, 1849-1919) [500012065]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Morris, William (I)

Biographies:
(English designer, writer, and activist, 1834-1896) ..... [VP Preferred]
(British designer) ..... [AVERY]
(British designer, 1834-1896) ..... [AVERY]
(English designer, 1834-1896) ..... [Grove Art]
(British artist, 1834-1896) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(British artist, 1834-1896) ..... [WCI]
(British artist, 1834-1896) ..... [WCP]
(British, 1834-1896) ..... [GRLPSC]
(British designer, author, 1834-1896) ..... [BHA]
(British designer, craftsman, poet and political theorist, 1834-1896) ..... [AVERY]

Sources and Contributors:
Morris, William ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
................................  William Morris Society Web Site (1996-) accessed 6 September 2004
................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Morris, William M. ........ [AVERY]
.....................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
William Morris ........ [VP]
..............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRLPSC, Grove Art, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Columbia Encyclopedia (1963)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Dictionary of National Biography, 1912-1921 (1927)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Fleming, Penguin Dictionary of Decorative Arts (1989)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Webster's New Biographical Dictionary (1988)
....................  William Morris Society Web Site (1996-) accessed 6 September 2004
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Thames and Hudson Dictionary of Art and Artists (1994) 252
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