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ID: 500025331
 
Record Type: Person
Vaillant, Wallerant (Dutch painter, printmaker, and draftsman, 1623-1677)

Note: As a painter Vaillant specialized in portraits although he also painted genre scenes and one or two trompe-l'oeil still lifes. He is known primarily for his studio interiors depicting apprentices learning to draw. His work as a draftsman consists mainly of life-size portrait studies in chalk. Vaillant was the first professional mezzotinter and with that medium achieved remarkable results and had a great following. His more than 200 prints continued to be copied well into the 18th century. His designs came from his own paintings as well as from Italian Renaissance painters and the work of contemporaries. Vaillant first learnt the technique of mezzotinting during a visit to Frankfurt am Main in 1658.

Names:
Vaillant, Wallerant (preferred,V,index)
Wallerant Vaillant (V,display)
Vaillandt, Wallerand (V)
Vaillant, Wallerand (V)
Walrant Vailjant (V)
Walrant Valjant (V)
Vaillandt, Wallerandt (V)
Vaillant, Wallerandt (V)
Wallerandt Vaillant (V)

Nationalities:
Dutch (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
pastelist
printmaker
mezzotinter
etcher
draftsman
portraitist
engraver (printmaker)

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Lille (Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Amsterdam (North Holland, Netherlands) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Amsterdam (North Holland, Netherlands) (inhabited place)
active:   1659-1665  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice of ....  Quellinus, Erasmus, II  
........................  (Flemish painter and draftsman, 1607-1678) [500117086]
member of ....  Vaillant family  
................  (Dutch artists, active 17th century) [500074257]
sibling of ....  Vaillant, André  
..................  (Dutch printmaker, 1655-1693) [500121985]
sibling of ....  Vaillant, Bernard  
..................  (Dutch painter and printmaker, 1632-1698) [500002698]
sibling of ....  Vaillant, Jacques  
..................  (Dutch painter, ca.1625-1691) [500016228]
sibling of ....  Vaillant, Jean  
..................  (Dutch etcher and landscapist, 1627-after 1668) [500084670]
teacher of ....  Vaillant, André  
..................  (Dutch printmaker, 1655-1693) [500121985]
teacher of ....  Vaillant, Bernard  
..................  (Dutch painter and printmaker, 1632-1698) [500002698]
teacher of ....  Vaillant, Jacques  
..................  (Dutch painter, ca.1625-1691) [500016228]
teacher of ....  Vaillant, Jean  
..................  (Dutch etcher and landscapist, 1627-after 1668) [500084670]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Vaillant, Wallerant (I)

Biographies:
(Dutch painter, printmaker, and draftsman, 1623-1677) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Dutch artist, 1623-1677) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Dutch painter, 1623-1677) ..... [PROV]
(Dutch printmaker, 1623-1677) ..... [BHA]
(Dutch, 1623-1677) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Dutch artist, 1623-1677) ..... [WCP]
(Dutch painter, 1623-1677) ..... [Grove Art]

Sources and Contributors:
Vaillandt, Wallerand ........ [WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld]
..........................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Vaillandt, Wallerandt ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
............................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
............................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Vaillant, Wallerand ........ [GRLPSC Preferred, PROV, VP, WL-Courtauld]
........................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976) 10; 363
........................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
........................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Vaillant, Wallerandt ........ [WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Vaillant, Wallerant ........ [BHA Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
........................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976) 10; 363
........................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
........................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 13 December 2004
Wallerandt Vaillant ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Wallerant Vaillant ........ [PROV, VP]
......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Walrant Vailjant ........ [PROV]
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Walrant Valjant ........ [PROV]
................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976) 10; 363
....................  Clark Art Institute, Photos and Slides Department (n.d.)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 13 December 2004
....................  Hind, History of Engraving and Etching (1963, 1923)
....................  Nagler, Neues Allgemeines Künstler-Lexikon (1835-1852)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Winkler, Prins van de kunst (1958-1959)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 13 December 2004
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