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 Representative Images:    1  2  3
ID: 500023578
 
Record Type: Person
Raphael (Italian painter and draftsman, 1483-1520)

Note: Famed and influential Renaissance painter, noted for paintings of great beauty and harmony. His work epitomized Renaissance ideals of balance and ideal forms. His later works exhibit an interest in movement and emotion in narratives. He is best known for religious subjects, portraits, and historical scenes. He died young, at age 37. He was born 26 or 20 March 1483, and died 6 April 1520. He was trained as a painter; he entered the workshop of Perugino in Peugia ca. 1500. He went to Florence in 1504 and to Rome probably in 1508. In 1514, Raphael was appointed "magister operis" in charge of the building of St. Peter's. In the six subsequent years, until his death in 1520, he directed for Pope Leo X some of the main works in Rome, including the Vatican Palace (1514-1515) and the Villa Madama (from 1518), and carried on architectural activity for various patrons.

Names:
Raphael (preferred,O,display,LC,English-P,NA,U)
Raphael Sanzio (O,English,NA,U)
Raffaello (V,Italian,NA,U)
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (V,Italian,NA,U)
Raffaello Santi (V,Italian,NA,U)
Raffaello da Urbino (V,Italian,NA,U)
Raffaello Sanzio (V,Italian,NA,U)
Raffaelo Santi (V,Italian,NA,U)
Raphael Santi (V,English,NA,U)
Raffaello d'Urbino (V,Italian,NA,U)
Raphaël (O,French-P,NA,U)
Raphaël Urbinas (V,Latin,NA,U)
Rafael (O,Spanish-P,NA,U)
Rafael de Urbino (O,Spanish,NA,U)
Raphael Sanzio d'Urbino (V,English,NA,U)
Raffaelle (O)
Rafaello (O)
Raphaele (V)
Raphaello Santi (V)
Raphaello Sanzio (V)
Sanzio, Raphaeel (V)
Sanzio, Raphaello (V)
Urbinas, Raphael Sanctius (V,Latin,NA,U)
Sanzio da Urbino, Raphael (V)
Sanzio, Raffaello (V,Italian-P,NA,U)
Rafaelo (O)
Rafaele (O)
Raffael (O)
Raffael da Urbino (O)
Raffael Urbinas (O)
Raffaele Sanzio (V)
Raphael Sancio (V)
Raffaelle da Urbino (O)
Raffelle (V)
Raphael Sanctio da Urbino (V)
Raphaïl (V)
Sanctius, Raphael (V)
Santi, Raphaeel (V)
Santi, Raphaello (V)
Sanzio, Raffaele (V)
Sanzio, Raffaelle (V)
Raphael Santo (V)
Santi, Raffaello (V)
Urbino, Raffaello da (U)
Rafaėlʹ (U)
Sanzi, Raffaello (U)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
Florentine
Roman

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
architect
draftsman
archaeologist
poet
sculptor

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Urbino (Pesaro e Urbino province, Marches, Italy) (inhabited place)
Died:  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1500-1504  Urbino (Pesaro e Urbino province, Marches, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   1508-1520  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   1504-1508  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assisted by ....  Giovanni da Udine  
....................  (Italian painter, architect, sculptor, and stuccoist, 1487-1564) [500004700]
assisted by ....  Penni, Giovanni Francesco  ca. 1510-1511
....................  (Italian painter, ca. 1496-ca. 1528) [500021943]
assisted by ....  Sangallo, Antonio da, the younger  
....................  (Italian architect and military engineer, 1484-1546) [500017734]
child of ....  Santi, Giovanni  
..............  (Italian painter, 1430 or 1440-1494) [500007294]
colleague of ....  Raimondi, Marcantonio  
......................  (Italian printmaker, born ca. 1470/1482, died 1527/1534) [500030773]
employee was ....  Perino del Vaga  from 1518
......................  (Italian painter, decorative artist, and draftsman, 1501-1547) [500000030]
influenced ....  Sarto, Andrea del  
....................  (Florentine painter, 1486-1530) [500025314]
patron was ....  Baglioni, Atalanta di Galeotto  
..................  (Umbrian patron, died 1508) [500100820]
student of ....  Perugino  
..................  (Italian painter and draftsman, ca. 1450-1523) [500024544]
teacher of ....  Giulio Romano  
..................  (Italian painter and architect, probably 1499-1546) [500115304]
teacher of ....  Penni, Luca  
..................  (Italian designer and painter, born 1500/1504, died 1577) [500115489]
teacher of ....  Polidoro da Caravaggio  
..................  (Italian painter, ca. 1499-ca. 1543) [500032941]
teacher of ....  Vincidor, Tommaso  
..................  (Italian painter, died 1534/1536) [500019118]
worked with ....  Rosselli, Pietro di Giacomo  
....................  (Italian architect and sculptor, ca. 1474 - after 1531) [500023272]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Raphael (I)

Biographies:
(Italian painter and draftsman, 1483-1520) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian painter, 1483-1520) ..... [Grove Art]
(Italian architect, painter, sculptor and draftsman; born Urbino (Italy), 1483; died Rome (Italy), 1520) ..... [CCA]
(1483-1520) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian painter, architect, 1483-1520) ..... [FDA]
(Italian painter, architect, 1483-1520) ..... [BHA]
(Italian painter, 1483-1520) ..... [PROV]
(Italian artist, 1483-1520) ..... [WCP]
(Italian artist, 1483-1520) ..... [WCI]
(Italian, 1483-1520) ..... [JPGM]
(Italian painter and architect, 1483-1520) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Painter, draughtsman, architect, archaeologist, poet, 1483-1520) ..... [CENSUS]
(artist, 1483-1520) ..... [GRL]
(Italian painter) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian painter) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian painter, 1483-1520) ..... [AVERY]
(architect, 1483-1520) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(Italian artist, 1483-1520) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Rafael ........ [PROV, VP]
...............  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rafaėlʹ ........ [GRL]
.................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Rafael de Urbino ........ [PROV, VP]
................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rafaele ........ [PROV, VP]
.................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rafaello ........ [VP]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rafaelo ........ [PROV, VP]
.................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raffael ........ [CCA, CENSUS, GRL, PROV, VP]
.................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
.................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Raffael da Urbino ........ [PROV, VP]
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raffaele Sanzio ........ [AVERY, GRL, VP]
................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Raffaelle ........ [PROV, VP]
.....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raffaelle da Urbino ........ [PROV, VP]
......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raffaello ........ [CENSUS, GRL, PROV, VP]
.....................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
.....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Raffaello da Urbino ........ [FDA, PROV, VP]
......................................  Foundation for Documents of Architecture database
Raffaello d'Urbino ........ [PROV, VP]
......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raffaello Santi ........ [CENSUS, PROV Preferred, VP, WL-Courtauld]
................................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Raffaello Sanzio ........ [AVERY, BHA Preferred, CCA, CENSUS, CL-Courtauld Preferred, FDA Preferred, GRL, VP]
..................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
..................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino ........ [VP, WCI]
...................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
...................................................  Witt Computer Index database
Raffaelo Santi ........ [GRLPSC, VP]
..............................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..............................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
Raffael Urbinas ........ [PROV, VP]
................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raffelle ........ [PROV, VP]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raphaël ........ [CCA, VP]
.................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Raphael ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA, CCA Preferred, CENSUS Preferred, FDA, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV, VP Preferred, WCI Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.................  Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A list (1932)
.................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
.................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
.................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
.................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
.................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
.................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
.................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
.................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 79041756 , accessed 7 November 2007
.................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
.................  Witt Library, Authority files
Raphaele ........ [PROV]
...................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raphaello Santi ........ [CENSUS]
................................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
Raphaello Sanzio ........ [CENSUS]
..................................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
Raphael Sancio ........ [PROV, VP]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raphael Sanctio da Urbino ........ [PROV, VP]
.................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raphael Santi ........ [FDA, VP]
............................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
............................  National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002) accessed 24 February 2004
Raphael Santo ........ [PROV, VP]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raphael Sanzio ........ [PROV, VP]
..............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
..............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 24 February 2004
Raphael Sanzio d'Urbino ........ [PROV, VP]
...............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Raphaël Urbinas ........ [CCA, VP]
................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Raphaïl ........ [PROV, VP]
.................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Sanctius, Raphael ........ [CCA, GRL, VP]
....................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Santi, Raffaello ........ [CCA, CENSUS, GRL, Grove Art, VP, WCI]
..................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
..................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Santi, Raphaeel ........ [CCA, VP]
................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Santi, Raphaello ........ [CCA, CENSUS, VP]
..................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Sanzio da Urbino, Raphael ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Sanzio, Raffaele ........ [CCA, GRL, VP]
..................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Sanzio, Raffaelle ........ [CCA, VP]
....................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Sanzio, Raffaello ........ [AVERY, CCA, CENSUS, FDA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, VP]
....................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
....................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988
Sanzio, Raphaeel ........ [CCA]
..................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Sanzio, Raphaello ........ [CCA, CENSUS]
....................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Sanzi, Raffaello ........ [GRL]
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Urbinas, Raphael Sanctius ........ [CCA, GRL, VP]
...................................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
...................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756
Urbino, Raffaello da ........ [GRL]
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79041756

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CENSUS, CL-Courtauld, FDA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Benevolo, Architecture of the Renaissance (1978) v.2, pp.268-284, 300-304, 324-327
....................  Berenson, Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: A list (1932)
....................  Bolaffi, Dizionario dei pittori italiani (1972-1976)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Foundation for Documents of Architecture database
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 5 June 2002; accessed 24 February 2004
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 79041756 , accessed 7 November 2007
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
....................  National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002) accessed 24 February 2004
....................  Petit Robert 2: Noms propres (1989)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986) v.29, p.433 ff.
....................  Witt Computer Index database
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, GRLPSC, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) Accessed 08/28/2002.
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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