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ID: 500022967
 
Record Type: Person
Magritte, René (Belgian painter, sculptor, and photographer, 1898-1967)

Note: An influential figure in Surrealism, Magritte is now regarded as possibly the most important Belgian artist of the 20th century. Inspired by the works of De Chirico, in the 1920s he began to experiment with concepts of reality in his paintings, altering form and often creating entirely new objects, giving his work the mystical look of a riddle. By 1926 he became involved with the Belgian Surrealist movement, and later lived in Paris from 1927-1930, connecting with the Surrealists in that city and painting full-time. His work began exploring a disconnect between normal objects, or between text and what is shown, as with his work "Treachery of Images" where the image of a pipe is accompanied by the text "Ceci n'est pas une pipe". Possibly drawing from his experience in advertising, his work employed standard human types, such as his businessman wearing a bowler hat, whose image appeared in numerous works. Magritte had been fairly well-known due to his association with the French Surrealists, but did not become an internationally recognized artist until 1948, when he signed a contract with New York dealer Alexander Iolas. He died in 1967, several days after the opening of a major retrospective of his work.

Names:
Magritte, René (preferred,V,index,LC)
René Magritte (V,display)
Magritte, Rene (V)
Rene Magritte (V)
Magritte, Rene Francois Ghislain (V)
Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte (V)
Magritte, René-François-Ghislain (U)
Magritt, Rene (U)

Nationalities:
Belgian (preferred)
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
photographer
draftsman
printmaker
sculptor
filmmaker

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Lessines (Province de Hainaut, Wallonia, Belgium) (inhabited place)
Died:  Schaerbeek (Bruxelles region, Belgium) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1927-1930  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
influenced by ....  Chirico, Giorgio de  
........................  (Italian painter, writer, and scenographer, 1888-1978) [500032635]
spouse of ....  Berger, Georgette  
................  (Belgian, wife of artist, 1901-1986) [500355453]
student of ....  Combaz, Gisbert  
..................  (Belgian painter and collector, 1869-1941) [500022324]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Magritte, René (I)

Biographies:
(Belgian painter, sculptor, and photographer, 1898-1967) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist) ..... [GRI Special Collections]
(Belgian sculptor, 1898-1967) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1898-1967) ..... [GRL]
(Belgian painter, 1898-1967) ..... [Grove Art]
(French artist, 1898-1967) ..... [AVERY]
(Belgian artist, 1898-1967) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Belgian artist, 1898-1967) ..... [WCP]
(Belgian, 1898-August 1967) ..... [JPGM]
(Belgian, 1898-1967) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Belgian painter, 1898-1967) ..... [PROV]
(Belgian painter, 1898-1967) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Magritte, René ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..............................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 890164
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..............................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 7 November 2002
..............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79086870
Magritte, Rene ........ [GRLPSC Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV, VP]
..............................  J. Paul Getty Museum, European Drawings (1988)
Magritte, Rene Francois Ghislain ........ [CL-Courtauld Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
................................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
................................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Magritte, René-François-Ghislain ........ [Grove Art]
....................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Magritt, Rene ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79086870
Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
..............................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
René Magritte ........ [AVERY, GRISC, VP]
............................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Rene Magritte ........ [PROV, VP]
............................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CL-Courtauld, GRISC, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 7 November 2002
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, European Drawings (1988)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Marks, World Artists (1984)
....................  Naylor, Contemporary Artists (1989) 1983
....................  Oxford Companion to Art (1970)
....................  Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Art (1981)
....................  Phaidon Dictionary of Twentieth Century Art (1973)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Wood, Surreal Things: Surrealism and Design (2007) 354
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CL-Courtauld, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 7 November 2002
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000)
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