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ID: 500021288
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500021288

 
Record Type: Person
Apelles (Greek painter, active late 4th century BCE)

Note: Active in Kos and Ephesos. Associated with Philip II of Macedon, Alexander the Great, and Ptolemy I of Egypt. No works are extant, and he is known only through literary sources. Studied under Ephoros of Ephesos and Pamphilos of Sikyon. He was famous for his portraits, particularly of Philip II and Alexander, with whom he enjoyed priveleged status. His most renowned work was probably Alexander Holding the Thunderbolt in the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, which may have exhibited a kind of trompe l'oeil effect. He was among artists that perfected a four-color palette (black, white, yellow, red) popular in Greek painting of this period, as well as a varnish technique that protected and enhanced his works. Pliny recounts that Apelles was the first to create three-quarter view portraits, and painted many in Alexander's entourage. He is thought to have indirectly inspired the later European tradition of allegorical painting.

Names:
Apelles (preferred,V,display)
Apelles of Ephesus (V)
Apelles of Kolophon (V)
Apelles of Kos (V)

Nationalities:
Greek (preferred)
Ancient Greek

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Colophon (─░zmir, Turkey) (deserted settlement)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Ephoros of Ephesos  
..................  (Greek painter, active 4th century BCE) [500067920]
student of ....  Pamphilos  
..................  (Greek painter, active 4th century BCE) [500093695]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Apelles (I)

Biographies:
(Greek painter, active late 4th century BCE) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Greek painter, 4th c. B.C.) ..... [BHA]
(Painter, ante 336 B.C.-post 323 B.C.) ..... [CENSUS]
(Greek painter, act. ca.340-300 BC) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Greek painter, fl. ca. 340-300 B.C., contemporary) ..... [AVERY]
(Greek painter) ..... [Grove Art]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Apelles ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CENSUS Preferred, GRLPA Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred]
.................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.................  Bowder, Who Was Who in the Greek World (1982) 48
.................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 19
Apelles of Ephesus ........ [CENSUS, VP]
....................................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database (1980-)
Apelles of Kolophon ........ [CENSUS]
......................................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database (1980-)
Apelles of Kos ........ [CENSUS]
............................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database (1980-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CENSUS, GRLPA, Grove Art, VP]
....................  Bowder, Who Was Who in the Greek World (1982) 48
....................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database (1980-)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Fogg Museum Library Catalogue (1971)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Metropolitan Museum, Library Catalog (1980)
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 19
....................  Petit Robert 2: Noms propres (1989)
....................  Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) (2002-)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 19 January 2005
.......... Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) (2002-)
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