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ID: 500020307
 
Record Type: Person
Wright, Frank Lloyd (American architect, 1867-1959)

Note: Architect, draftsman, furniture and interior designer and author, Wright is internationally recognized as one of the most important figures in 20th century architecture. However, unlike other architects whose success and reputation are measured in part by the dispersal of their ideals into the everyday landscape, Wright remained an individualist who made only a slight impact on the evolution of 20th century architecture. Instead, his fame is derived from its intuitive ability to mold space within an environment and within space itself. He is best known for his "Prairie style" homes, efficient office buildings, and innovative furniture and chinaware designs. American architect.

Names:
Wright, Frank Lloyd (preferred,V,index,LC)
Frank Lloyd Wright (V,display)
Frank Lloyd Lincoln Wright (V)
Rait, Frank Lloid (V)
Rayt, Frank Luyd (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
architect
draftsman
furniture designer
author
interior designer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Richland Center (Richland county, Wisconsin, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  Phoenix (Maricopa county, Arizona, United States) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice was ....  Ayala Valva, Franco d'  
..........................  (Italian architect, active mid- to late 20th century) [500035255]
apprentice was ....  Beharka, Robert  
..........................  (American architect, contemporary) [500255776]
apprentice was ....  Besinger, Curtis Wray  1939-1955
..........................  (American architect, 1914-1999) [500249945]
apprentice was ....  Drake, Blaine  
..........................  (American architect, 1911-1993) [500236881]
apprentice was ....  Drake, Hulda Brierly  
..........................  (American architect, 1911-1992) [500236882]
apprentice was ....  Karfík, Vladimír  1928-1929
..........................  (Czech architect of Slovenian birth, 1901-1985) [500085695]
apprentice was ....  Tafel, Edgar  
..........................  (American architect, 1912-2011) [500001446]
assisted by ....  Endo, Arata  
....................  (Japanese architect, 1889-1951) [500238484]
associate of ....  Giannini and Hilgart  
......................  (American glass stainers, established 1899) [500114125]
child of ....  Wright, Anna Lloyd Jones  
..............  (American teacher, died 1923) [500033241]
collaborated with ....  Giannini, Orlando  
................................  (American sculptor, designer, and glass designer, 1861-1928) [500040695]
collaborated with ....  Niedecken, George M.  1904-1918
................................  (American interior decorator, 1878-1945) [500041215]
collaborated with ....  Niedecken-Walbridge Co.  
................................  (American interior design firm, established 1907) [500045662]
director of ....  Oak Park Studio  
....................  (American architectural firm, established ca. 1896, dissolved 1909) [500033286]
employee of ....  Sullivan, Louis H.  1888-1893
....................  (American architect, 1856-1924) [500013453]
employee was ....  Griffin, Marion Mahony  
......................  (American architect, 1871-1962) [500031309]
employee was ....  Griffin, Walter Burley  
......................  (American architect and city planner, 1876-1937, active in the United States, Australia, and India) [500001158]
employee was ....  Guerrero, Pedro E.  from 1939
......................  (American architectural photographer, 2012) [500020206]
employee was ....  Howe, John H.  1940-1958
......................  (American draftsman and architect, 1913-1997) [500045289]
employee was ....  Neutra, Richard  Taliesin, Wisconsin, fall of 1924
......................  (American architect, 1892-1970, born in Austria) [500017837]
employee was ....  Robinson, Harry Franklin  
......................  (American architect and draftsman, 1883-1959) [500033760]
employee was ....  Smith, Tony  1938-1940
......................  (American sculptor, architect, and painter, 1912-1980) [500028102]
employee was ....  Soleri, Paolo  
......................  (American architect born in Italy, 1919-2013) [500014829]
founder of ....  Oak Park Studio  
..................  (American architectural firm, established ca. 1896, dissolved 1909) [500033286]
grandparent of ....  Wright, Eric Lloyd  
..........................  (American architect, born 1929) [500033093]
parent of ....  Wright, John Lloyd  
................  (American architect and designer, 1892-1972) [500005777]
parent of ....  Wright, Lloyd  
................  (American architect and scenographer, 1890-1978) [500009812]
patron was ....  Hanna, Jean Shuman  
..................  (American patron, active 20th century) [500071769]
related to ....  Sullivan, Francis Conroy  
..................  (Canadian architect and draftsman, 1882-1929) [500077136]
sibling of ....  Barney, Maginel Wright  
..................  (American illustrator, 1881-1966) [500116874]
spouse of ....  Wright, Catherine Tobin  
................  (American socialite, 1871-1959) [500218907]
spouse of ....  Wright, Olgivanna Lloyd  
................  (American socialite, 1900-1985) [500280870]
teacher of ....  Lustig, Alvin  
..................  (American graphic designer, 1915-1955) [500125903]
worked with ....  Green, Aaron G.  
....................  (American architect, 1917-2001) [500228504]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Wright, Frank Lloyd (I)

Biographies:
(American architect, 1867-1959) ..... [BHA Preferred]
(American architect, 1867-1959) ..... [AVERY]
(American, 1867-1959) ..... [JPGM]
(8.VI.1867-9.IV.1959; Architect, United States of America) ..... [FDA]
(American architect, born Richland Center (Wisconsin, United States), 1867; died Phoenix (Arizona, United States), 1959; active United States, Japan, Iraq and Mexico) ..... [CCA]
(American architect, 1867-1959) ..... [AVERY]
(artist, 1867-1959) ..... [GRL]

Sources and Contributors:
Frank Lloyd Lincoln Wright ........ [VP]
....................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 28 October 2002
Frank Lloyd Wright ........ [VP]
.....................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Rait, Frank Lloid ........ [CCA]
...................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Rayt, Frank Luyd ........ [CCA]
.................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Wright, Frank Lloyd ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, FDA Preferred, GRL Preferred, JPGM Preferred, VP Preferred]
.......................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.......................................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) sh 85148622
.......................................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.......................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, FDA, GRL, JPGM, VP]
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Contemporary Architects (1987)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Gill, Many Masks (1987)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 28 October 2002
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects (1982)
....................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
....................  New Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988
....................  Shapiro, CCA Research Report (1986)
....................  Twombly, Frank Lloyd Wright (1973)
....................  Who Was Who in America (1943-) v.3
....................  Wright, Frank Lloyd Wright (1966)
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, VP]
.......... CCA Authority File (1980-)
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Wright, Frank Lloyd," accessed 1 Jan 2004
.......... Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
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