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 Representative Images:    1  2  3
ID: 500019946
 
Record Type: Person
Rousseau, Théodore (French painter, 1812-1867)

Note: The unofficial leader of the Barbizon School, Rousseau is most noteworthy because of his plein-air landscape painting and thick brushwork, which strongly influenced the Impressionists. After studying with Joseph Rémond and Guillaume Lethière, Rousseau began traveling to the outskirts of Paris to paint natural surroundings and eventually settled in Barbizon in 1841. While accepted at Salons from 1831-1835, as his work grew more non-Academic he was continually rejected from Salons until the 1850s (giving him the nickname 'le grande refuse'), even while acquiring a strong following of disciples which included Jean-François Millet and Narcisse Diaz. Some of his most important works are Descent of the Cattle (The Hague, Rijksmus. Mesdag), Avenue of Chestnut Trees (Paris, Louvre) and Edge of the Forest at Fontainebleau (Paris, Louvre). Eventually, Rousseau received the Legion d'honneur in 1852, though his work remained controversial to those in the Museum community, who refused to hold a memorial exhibition after his death in 1867.

Names:
Rousseau, Théodore (preferred,V,index,LC)
Théodore Rousseau (V,display)
Theodore Rousseau (V)
Rousseau, Theodore (V)
Rousseau, Pierre-Etienne-Théodore (V)
Rousseau, Pierre-Etienne-Theodore (V)
Rousseau, Pierre Etienne Theodore (V)
Rousseau, Etienne Pierre Theodore (V)
Pierre Etienne Theodore Rousseau (V)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Barbizon (Seine-et-Marne, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Lethiere, Guillaume  
..................  (French painter, 1760-1832) [500030748]
student of ....  Rémond, Jean Charles Joseph  
..................  (French painter and lithographer, 1795-1875) [500000064]
teacher of ....  Pasini, Alberto  
..................  (Italian painter, pastelist, and lithographer, 1826-1899) [500001307]
teacher of ....  Tillot, Charles Victor  
..................  (French painter, 1825-ca. 1886) [500078521]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Rousseau, Théodore (I)

Biographies:
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [Grove Art]
(French artist, 1812-1867) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [PROV]
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [BHA]
(French artist, 1812-1867) ..... [WCP]
(artist, 1812-1867) ..... [GRL]

Sources and Contributors:
Pierre Etienne Theodore Rousseau ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Rousseau, Etienne Pierre Theodore ........ [PROV, VP]
..................................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rousseau, Pierre Etienne Theodore ........ [GRLPSC, PROV, VP, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..................................................................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
..................................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Rousseau, Pierre-Etienne-Theodore ........ [PROV, VP]
......................................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rousseau, Pierre-Etienne-Théodore ........ [GRL, Grove Art, VP]
......................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
......................................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 22 October 2002
......................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 88606756
Rousseau, Théodore ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
......................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 88606756
Rousseau, Theodore ........ [GRLPSC Preferred, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
......................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
......................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
......................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
......................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Théodore Rousseau ........ [VP]
....................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Theodore Rousseau ........ [PROV, VP]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 22 October 2002
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 22 October 2002
.......... Murray, Penguin Dictionary of Art and Artists (1983)
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000)
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