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ID: 500019946
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500019946

 
Record Type: Person
Rousseau, Théodore (French painter, 1812-1867)

Note: The unofficial leader of the Barbizon School, Rousseau is most noteworthy because of his plein-air landscape painting and thick brushwork, which strongly influenced the Impressionists. After studying with Joseph Rémond and Guillaume Lethière, Rousseau began traveling to the outskirts of Paris to paint natural surroundings and eventually settled in Barbizon in 1841. While accepted at Salons from 1831-1835, as his work grew more non-Academic he was continually rejected from Salons until the 1850s (giving him the nickname 'le grande refuse'), even while acquiring a strong following of disciples which included Jean-François Millet and Narcisse Diaz. Some of his most important works are Descent of the Cattle (The Hague, Rijksmus. Mesdag), Avenue of Chestnut Trees (Paris, Louvre) and Edge of the Forest at Fontainebleau (Paris, Louvre). Eventually, Rousseau received the Legion d'honneur in 1852, though his work remained controversial to those in the Museum community, who refused to hold a memorial exhibition after his death in 1867. Comment on works: landscapes

Names:
Rousseau, Théodore (preferred,V,index,LC)
Théodore Rousseau (V,display)
Theodore Rousseau (V)
Rousseau, Theodore (V)
Rousseau, Pierre-Etienne-Théodore (V)
Rousseau, Pierre-Etienne-Theodore (V)
Rousseau, Pierre Etienne Theodore (V)
Rousseau, Etienne Pierre Theodore (V)
Pierre Etienne Theodore Rousseau (V)
P.E. Theodore Rousseau (LU,U)
P. E. Theodore Rousseau (LU,U)
p. e. th. rousseau (LU,U)
P.E.Th. Rousseau (LU,U)
pierre-etienne theodore rousseau (LU,U)
pierre etienne theodore rousseau (LU,U)
pierre etienne theodor rousseau (LU,U)
pierre etienne theod. rousseau (LU,U)
Rousseau (LU,U)
rousseau pierre etienne theodore (LU,U)
Rousseau Th. (LU,U)

Nationalities:
French (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Barbizon (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
active:   Barbizon (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
received honor:   1867
received honor:   1852  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
received honor:   1849
received honor:   1855

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
student of ....  Lethiere, Guillaume  
..................  (French painter, 1760-1832) [500030748]
student of ....  Rémond, Charles  
..................  (French painter and lithographer, 1795-1875) [500000064]
teacher of ....  Pasini, Alberto  
..................  (Italian painter, pastelist, and lithographer, 1826-1899) [500001307]
teacher of ....  Tillot, Charles Victor  
..................  (French painter, 1825-ca. 1886) [500078521]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Rousseau, Théodore (I)

Biographies:
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [VP Preferred]
(French artist, 1812-1867) ..... [WCP]
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [BHA]
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [PROV]
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French artist, 1812-1867) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(French painter, 1812-1867) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1812-1867) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(French artist, 1812-1867) ..... [PROV]
(Unknown artist) ..... [GRISC]

Additional Names:
rousseau, th. (LU,U)
rousseau, theo (LU,U)
Rousseau Théod. (LU,U)
Rousseau, Theod. (LU,U)
rousseau theodor (LU,U)
rousseau, theodor (LU,U)
theodore a. rousseau (LU,U)
theodor rousseau (LU,U)
Théod. Rousseau (LU,U)
theo. rousseau (LU,U)
theo rousseau (LU,U)
Th. Rousseau (LU,U)
t. rousseau (LU,U)

Sources and Contributors:
P.E. Theodore Rousseau ........ [PROV]
..............................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
P. E. Theodore Rousseau ........ [PROV]
..............................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
p. e. th. rousseau ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
P.E.Th. Rousseau ........ [PROV]
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Pierre Etienne Theodore Rousseau ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
................................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
pierre-etienne theodore rousseau ........ [PROV]
..............................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
pierre etienne theodore rousseau ........ [PROV]
............................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
pierre etienne theodor rousseau ........ [PROV]
..........................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
pierre etienne theod. rousseau ........ [PROV]
........................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau ........ [PROV]
...................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau, Etienne Pierre Theodore ........ [PROV, VP]
..................................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
..................................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau, Pierre Etienne Theodore ........ [GRLPSC, PROV, VP, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..................................................................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
..................................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
..................................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Rousseau, Pierre-Etienne-Theodore ........ [PROV, VP]
......................................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
......................................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau, Pierre-Etienne-Théodore ........ [GRL, Grove Art, VP]
......................................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
......................................................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 22 October 2002
......................................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 88606756
rousseau pierre etienne theodore ........ [PROV]
............................................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau Th. ........ [PROV]
..........................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
rousseau, th. ........ [PROV]
..........................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
rousseau, theo ........ [PROV]
............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau Théod. ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau, Theod. ........ [PROV]
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
rousseau theodor ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
rousseau, theodor ........ [PROV]
..................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau, Théodore ........ [BHA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
......................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
......................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 88606756
......................................  M. Knoedler & Co. records, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2012-)
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Rousseau, Theodore ........ [GRLPSC Preferred, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
......................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
......................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
......................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
......................................  Witt Library, Authority files
theodore a. rousseau ........ [PROV]
......................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Théodore Rousseau ........ [GRISC, PROV, VP]
....................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Theodore Rousseau ........ [PROV, VP]
....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
theodor rousseau ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Théod. Rousseau ........ [PROV]
................................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
theo. rousseau ........ [PROV]
............................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
theo rousseau ........ [PROV]
..........................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
Th. Rousseau ........ [PROV]
..........................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
t. rousseau ........ [PROV]
......................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)

Subject: ........ [BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n88606756
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 22 October 2002
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n88606756
....................  Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 22 October 2002
.......... Murray, Penguin Dictionary of Art and Artists (1983)
.......... Provenance Index Databases, Authority file (1985-)
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000)
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