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 Representative Images:    1
ID: 500016387
 
Record Type: Person
Giambologna (Flemish sculptor and architect, 1529-1608, active in Italy)

Note: Born and trained in Flanders (Douai, his birthplace, is now in France but was once in Flanders), Giambologna traveled to Italy in 1550 to study Classical and Renaissance sculpture. There, he became court sculptor of the Medici Dukes. He was famed for compositional sophistication, sensuous, tactile treatment of human body, and sheer technical virtuosity. He was extremely influential because the Medici gave his works as diplomatic gifts and his style was thus known throughout Europe. His style also spread through his many students, who studied in Florence with him, and returned to Northern Europe. He died in Florence, Italy in 1608.

Names:
Giambologna (preferred,V,display,LC,Italian-P,NA,U)
Giovanni da Bologna (V,Italian,NA,U)
Bologna, Giovanni da (V,Italian,NA,U)
Giovanni Bologna (V,Italian,NA,U)
Bologna, Giovanni (V,Italian,NA,U)
Gian Bologna (V,Italian,NA,U)
Bologne, Jean de (V,French-P,NA,U)
Jean de Bologne (V,French,NA,U)
Boulogne, Jean de (V)
Bologne, Jean (V,French,NA,U)
Boulogne, Jean (V,French,NA,U)
Jean Bologne (V,French,NA,U)
Jean Boulogne (V,French,NA,U)
Boullongne, Jean (V)
Boulongne, Jean (V)
Bolongne, Jean (V)

Nationalities:
Flemish (preferred)
Italian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
goldsmith
sculptor
architect

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Douai (Nord, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France) (inhabited place)
Died:  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   Bologna (Bologna province, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice of ....  Dubroeucq, Jacques  
........................  (Netherlandish sculptor and architect, born 1500-1510, died 1584) [500006447]
apprentice was ....  Tacca, Pietro  Tacca assumed full responsibility for Giambologna's workshop upon his death in 1608
..........................  (Italian sculptor and architect, 1577-1640) [500007371]
patron was ....  Marie de Médicis, Queen consort of Henry IV  
..................  (French queen consort, 1573-1642) [500122326]
patron was ....  Medici family  
..................  (Italian rulers, bankers, merchants, collectors, and patrons of the arts, active in Florence particularly from 15th through mid-18th centuries) [500114961]
teacher of ....  Francavilla, Pietro  
..................  (Flemish sculptor, architect, and painter, 1548-1615) [500000585]
teacher of ....  Marsy, Jaspard  
..................  (French sculptor, 1600-1674) [500044474]
teacher of ....  Vries, Adriaen de  
..................  (Dutch sculptor, ca. 1545 -1626) [500021335]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Giambologna (I)

Biographies:
(Flemish sculptor and architect, 1529-1608, active in Italy) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Flemish sculptor, 1529-1608) ..... [Grove Art]
(Italian artist) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian artist) ..... [AVERY]
(Italian artist, 1529-1608) ..... [AVERY]
(sculptor, 1529-1608) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(Italian artist, 1529-1608) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Flemish sculptor in ITA, 1529-1608) ..... [BHA]
(Flemish and Italian artist, 1529-1608) ..... [PROV]
(Flemish (Italian School), 1529-1608) ..... [JPGM]
(artist 1529-1608) ..... [GRL]
(1529-13.VIII.1608; Architect, Mannerist Sculptor, Bologna, Firenze, Roma) ..... [FDA]
(Sculptor, goldsmith, 1529-1608) ..... [CENSUS]
(Italian artist, 1529-1608) ..... [WCI]
(Italian artist, c.1524-1608) ..... [WCP]
(Italian sculptor (b. in Netherlands), 1529-1608) ..... [GRLPSC]

Sources and Contributors:
Bologna, Giovanni ........ [AVERY, CENSUS, FDA, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art, VP]
....................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
Bologna, Giovanni da ........ [GRL, VP, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred]
........................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Bologne, Jean ........ [FDA, GRL, VP]
............................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
............................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988
Bologne, Jean de ........ [FDA, VP, WL-Courtauld]
................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
................................  Foundation for Documents of Architecture database
................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Bolongne, Jean ........ [GRL]
..............................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Boullongne, Jean ........ [GRL]
..................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Boulogne, Jean ........ [GRL, Grove Art, VP]
..............................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
..............................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
Boulogne, Jean de ........ [VP]
..................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
..................................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
Boulongne, Jean ........ [GRL]
................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Giambologna ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CENSUS Preferred, FDA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCI, WL-Courtauld]
.........................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.........................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976) 2:137
.........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
.........................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
.........................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.........................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
.........................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
.........................  Library of Congress Online Catalog [online] (2003-) NAFL85252671, accessed 29 September 2006
.........................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.........................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988
.........................  Witt Library, Authority files
Gian Bologna ........ [AVERY, GRL, VP]
..........................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..........................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Giovanni Bologna ........ [PROV, VP]
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Giovanni da Bologna ........ [VP]
......................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986) 14, 112
Jean Bologne ........ [GRL, VP]
..........................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
Jean Boulogne ........ [FDA, PROV, VP]
............................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988
Jean de Bologne ........ [FDA, GRL, GRLPSC, VP]
..............................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
..............................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CENSUS, CL-Courtauld, FDA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Avery, New Century Italian Renaissance Encyclopedia (1972)
....................  Avery, Radcliffe, et al, Giambologna (1978)
....................  Baigell, Dictionary of American Art (1982) 199-200
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976) 2:137
....................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
....................  Dhanens, Jean Boulogne = Giovanni Bologna Fiammingo (1956)
....................  Dizionario biografico degli Italiani (1960)
....................  Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti (1931-1939)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Foundation for Documents of Architecture database
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 12 Feb 2003
....................  His Giambologna, c1984:
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Online Catalog [online] (2003-) NAFL85252671, accessed 29 September 2006
....................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) Subject, 1988
....................  TCI Firenze
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986) 14, 112
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) 112, 568 ff
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