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ID: 500016157
 
Record Type: Person
Brancusi, Constantin (Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957, active in France)

Note: Born 21 February 1876; died 16 March 1957. Brancusi was trained as a sculptor in Romania before moving to Paris in 1904. There he studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts and exhibited at the Salon d'Automne. In 1905 Brancusi was working intensively in photography as a means of documenting his sculptures, and was helped and advised by the surrealist artist Man Ray. Brancusi quickly became accepted as a member of the Paris avant-garde, as his sculptures departed from the 19th century Western trend toward naturalism and eroticism, and were based instead on non-Western and so-called 'primitive' sculpture. In 1914 Alfred Stieglitz exhibited Brancusi's sculptures at his Photo-Secession gallery in New York, earning Brancusi an international reputation. His sculptures from this period were of two distinct types: elegant, abstract marble or bronze forms, such as the 'bird' sculptures based on a Romanian legend, and rougher carvings made of wood, like his series of 'endless columns'. Brancusi was also known for paying special attention to the bases on which his sculptures were displayed, believing that the pedestal was part of the sculpture itself. He is often referred to as one of the most important sculptors of the 20th century.

Names:
Brancusi, Constantin (preferred,V,index,LC)
Constantin Brancusi (V,display)
Brâncuşi, Constantin (V)
Brincusi, Constantin (V)
Brîncuși, Constantin (U)

Nationalities:
Romanian (preferred)
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor
photographer
painter
draftsman

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Romania (Europe) (nation)

Events:
active:   from 1904  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assisted by ....  Noguchi, Isamu  1927-1928
....................  (American sculptor and designer, 1904-1988) [500008602]
collaborated with ....  Doicescu, Octav  
................................  (Romanian architect, 1902-1981) [500316895]
colleague of ....  Amaral, Tarsila do  
......................  (Brazilian painter, 1886-1973) [500008648]
influenced ....  Noguchi, Isamu  
....................  (American sculptor and designer, 1904-1988) [500008602]
student of ....  Sabatini, Raphael  
..................  (American painter, born 1898) [500019388]
teacher of ....  Codreanu, Irina  
..................  (Romanian sculptor, 1896-1984, active in France) [500083645]
teacher of ....  Eyre de Lanux, Elizabeth  1920-1925
..................  (American illustrator, writer, and designer, 1894-1996) [500052057]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Brancusi, Constantin (I)

Biographies:
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957, active in France) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Rumanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1876-1957) ..... [GRL]
(French sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [Grove Art]
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [AVERY]
(Rumanian artist, 1876-1957) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Rumanian artist, 1876-1957) ..... [WCP]
(French photographer, 1876-1957, born in Romania) ..... [VP]
(Rumanian painter, 1876-1957) ..... [PROV]
(French (b. Romania), 1876-1957) ..... [JPGM]
(Rumanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French and Romanian photographer and sculptor; born Hobita (Romania), 1876; died Paris (France), 1957) ..... [CCA]
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [AVERY]
(Romanian sculptor, 1876-1957) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Brâncuşi, Constantin ........ [BHA Preferred]
..........................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Brancusi, Constantin ........ [AVERY Preferred, CCA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..........................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79127902
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
..........................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
..........................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Brincusi, Constantin ........ [CCA]
..........................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Brîncuși, Constantin ........ [GRL]
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79127902
Constantin Brancusi ........ [CCA, PROV, VP]
........................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CL-Courtauld, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Auer, Encyclopédie des Photographes (1985)
....................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Brancusi photographe (1977)
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  Eastman House Database [online] (n.d.)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Obituaries from the Times, 1951-1975 (1975-79)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Vollmer, Künstler-Lexikon 20. Jahrhunderts (1953-62)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, CL-Courtauld, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Auer, Encyclopédie des Photographes (1985)
.......... Avery Authority files (1963-)
.......... Brancusi photographe (1977) 10
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 3 July 2002
.......... Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 97-99
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