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ID: 500015875
 
Record Type: Person
Kneller, Godfrey (English painter, 1646-1723)

Note: Kneller was the leading portrait painter in England during the late 17th to early 18th centuries, documenting court society for almost 40 years. He popularized the kit-cat format for portraits and was also the founding governor in 1711 of the first proper academy of art in England. Among his best works are 42 portraits of members of the famous literary association called the Kit-Cat Club, which are now in the National Portrait Gallery, London. These were painted between about 1700 and about 1720 and are of a size (36 x 28 inches) that allows a half-length portrait showing one or both hands; 'kitcat size' is now a generic term.

Names:
Kneller, Godfrey (preferred,V,index,LC)
Godfrey Kneller (V,display)
Kneller, Sir Godfrey, Baronet (V)
Kneller, Godfrey, Baronet (V)
Kneller, Sir Godfrey (V)
Kneller, Gottfried (V)
Kneller, Sir Gottfried (V)
Kniller, Godfrey (V)
Kniller, Gottfried (V)
Kniller, Sir Gottfried (V)
Gottfried Kneller (V)
Kneller, Sir (V)
Kniller, Sir (V)
Kneller, G. (U)

Nationalities:
British (modern) (preferred)
English
German

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
portraitist
draftsman
watercolorist
miniaturist
still life artist

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Lubeck (Schleswig-Holstein, Germany) (inhabited place)
Died:  London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assisted by ....  Backer, Nicolas de  
....................  (Netherlandish painter, ca. 1648-after 1697, active in England) [500105862]
assisted by ....  Byng, Edward  
....................  (English painter, ca. 1676-1753) [500009372]
assisted by ....  Laroon, Marcellus, the elder  
....................  (French portraitist and copyist, 1653-1702, active in England) [500030021]
assisted by ....  Worsdale, James  
....................  (British painter, ca. 1692-1767) [500011216]
child of ....  Kniller, Zacharias  
..............  (German painter, 1611-1675) [500057114]
master was ....  Bol, Ferdinand  
..................  (Dutch history and portrait painter, 1616-1680) [500013764]
sibling of ....  Kneller, John Zachary  John was the elder brother of Godfrey
..................  (English painter of German birth, 1644-1702) [500029982]
teacher of ....  Cardinall, Robert  
..................  (British painter, active 1730) [500026614]
teacher of ....  Hirschmann, Johann Leonhard  ca. 1704
..................  (German portraitist and printmaker, 1672-1750) [500048873]
teacher of ....  Jervas, Charles  ca. 1694-1695
..................  (Irish painter and printmaker, ca.1675-1739) [500020086]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Kneller, Godfrey (I)

Biographies:
(English painter, 1646-1723) ..... [VP Preferred]
(British artist, 1646-1723) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1646-1723) ..... [GRL]
(English painter, 1646-1723) ..... [Grove Art]
(British painter, 1646-1723) ..... [PROV]
(English painter, 1646-1723) ..... [BHA]
(British artist, 1646-1723) ..... [WCI]
(artist 1646-1723) ..... [GRL]
(British, 1646-1723) ..... [GRLPSC]
(British artist, 1646-1723) ..... [WCP]

Sources and Contributors:
Godfrey Kneller ........ [PROV]
................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gottfried Kneller ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
....................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Kneller, G. ........ [GRL]
........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 82103048
Kneller, Godfrey ........ [GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, PROV, WCI Preferred, WL-Courtauld]
..................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..................................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
..................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 82103048
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) 82103048
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Kneller, Godfrey, Baronet ........ [VP]
...................................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Kneller, Gottfried ........ [GRL, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
......................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
......................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Kneller, Sir ........ [WL-Courtauld]
..........................  Witt Library, Authority files
Kneller, Sir Godfrey ........ [GRL, Grove Art Preferred, VP]
.........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
.........................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
.........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.........................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 19 July 2004
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 82103048
Kneller, Sir Godfrey, Baronet ........ [VP]
..........................................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) Accessed 07/25/2002.
Kneller, Sir Gottfried ........ [VP]
.............................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
Kniller, Godfrey ........ [WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld]
..................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Kniller, Gottfried ........ [GRL, Grove Art, VP, WL-Courtauld]
......................................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
......................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
......................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 19 July 2004
......................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Kniller, Sir ........ [WL-Courtauld]
..........................  Witt Library, Authority files
Kniller, Sir Gottfried ........ [VP]
.............................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Dictionary of National Biography, 1912-1921 (1927)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2001) Accessed 07/25/2002.
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  GRI Library, author records (1998-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 19 July 2004
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) 82103048
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 25 July 2002
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