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ID: 500015030
 
Record Type: Person
Man Ray (American painter and photographer, 1890-1976)

Note: The influential and prolific American photographer and painter adopted the pseudonym Man Ray around 1909. He was a prominent force of Dada and Surrealism, and the only American to play a significant role in the development of those movements. His visits to Alfred Stieglitz's gallery, 291 introduced him to a wide variety of European contemporary artists, such as Picasso, Rodin, and Braque. Like many other artists of his time, he was also greatly influenced by the avant-garde Armory show in New York City in 1913. His paintings from this period show his fascination with the flatness of Modernism and his interest in the patterns of shapes rather than a realistic rendering of subject matter. During his trip to Paris in 1921, Man Ray began to experiment with photography, and may have been introduced to the photogram by Tristan Tzara. He adopted the method and called his works "rayographs," photographic images composed of ordinary objects placed on photo sensitive paper exposed to light. Together with his muse Lee Miller, he developed the solarization process which he used in his fashion and nude photography. With the onset of World War II, he lived in California and concentrated on painting and making objects. He returned to Paris in 1951, where he remained until his death. Man Ray was one of the first artists to make photographs seen as important works of art, equal to that of painting and sculpture.

Names:
Man Ray (preferred,V,display,LC,P)  ....  named adopted as early as 1909
Ray, Man (V,LC)  ....  named adopted as early as 1909
Radnitzky, Emmanuel (V)
Rudnitsky, Emmanuel (V)
Rudnitzky, Emmanuel (V)
Radenski, Emmanuel (V)
Man Rei (U)
マン·レイ (U)
Rudnizky, Emmanuel (U)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
photographer
engraver (printmaker)
sculptor
filmmaker

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Philadelphia (Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
collaborated with ....  Allégret, Marc  
................................  (French film director and photographer, 1900-1973) [500067144]
collaborated with ....  Duchamp, Marcel  
................................  (French painter, sculptor, and writer, 1887-1968) [500115393]
collaborated with ....  Miller, Lee  
................................  (American photographer, 1907-1977) [500023704]
collaborated with ....  Picabia, Francis  
................................  (French painter and writer, 1879-1953) [500006325]
collaborated with ....  Satie, Erik  
................................  (French composer, 1866-1925) [500338521]
colleague of ....  Arp, Hans  
......................  (French sculptor, painter, and collagist, 1886-1966) [500031000]
colleague of ....  Breton, André  
......................  (French poet and writer, 1896-1966) [500125870]
colleague of ....  Ernst, Max  
......................  (German painter, sculptor, and author, 1891-1976) [500115729]
colleague of ....  Masson, André  
......................  (French painter and author, 1896-1987) [500030295]
colleague of ....  Miró, Joan  
......................  (Spanish painter, printmaker, and ceramicist, 1893-1983) [500014094]
colleague of ....  Picasso, Pablo  
......................  (Spanish painter, sculptor, and printmaker, 1881-1973) [500009666]
colleague of ....  Tzara, Tristan  
......................  (Romanian poet and performance artist, 1896-1963, active in France) [500175780]
member of ....  Collège de 'pataphysique‏  
................  (International association, founded 1948) [500372350]
member of ....  Society of Independent Artists  
................  (American and European artists' society, active 1916-1944) [500117049]
spouse of ....  Man Ray, Juliet  
................  (American dancer and model, died 1991) [500289720]
teacher of ....  Brandt, Bill  
..................  (English photographer, 1904-1983) [500026943]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Man Ray (I)

Biographies:
(American painter and photographer, 1890-1976) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American photographer, 1890-1976) ..... [Grove Art]
(American artist, 1890-) ..... [WCP]
(American painter, 1890-1976) ..... [PROV]
(American painter, photographer, and sculptor, 1890-1976) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Artist, photographer, Paris, 1890-1976) ..... [AVERY]
(American artist, 1890-1976) ..... [WCI]
(Engraver, 1890-1976) ..... [WCI]
(American, 1890-1976, active France) ..... [JPGM]
(American painter, photographer, 1890-1976) ..... [BHA]
(artist) ..... [GRI Special Collections]
(artist, 1890-1976) ..... [GRL]
(French artist) ..... [AVERY]
(French artist, 1890-1976) ..... [AVERY]
(American sculptor, 1890-1976) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(American artist, 1890-1976) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Man Ray ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRISC, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV, VP Preferred, WCI Preferred]
................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 4 Oct 2002
................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625
Man Rei ........ [GRL]
................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625
Radenski, Emmanuel ........ [AVERY, GRL]
......................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
......................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625
Radnitzky, Emmanuel ........ [GRL, Grove Art, VP]
........................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
........................................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 4 Oct 2002
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625
Ray, Man ........ [AVERY Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL, GRLPSC Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 890164
..................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625
..................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
..................  Witt Library, Authority files
Rudnitsky, Emmanuel ........ [GRL, WCI]
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625
........................................  Witt Computer Index database
Rudnitzky, Emmanuel ........ [BHA, GRL]
........................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625
Rudnizky, Emmanuel ........ [GRL]
......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625
マン·レイ ........ [GRL]
............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 80019625

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CL-Courtauld, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Auer, Encyclopédie des Photographes (1985)
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n80019625
....................  Getty Research Library Photo Archive database
....................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 4 Oct 2002
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n80019625
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL7999084
....................  Naylor, Contemporary Photographers (1988) 1988
....................  NY Times obit.
....................  Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Art (1981)
....................  Phaidon Dictionary of Twentieth Century Art (1973)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Who Was Who in American Art (1985)
....................  Who's Who in American Art (1936-) 1989 necrol.
....................  Witt Computer Index database
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Wood, Surreal Things: Surrealism and Design (2007) 354
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CL-Courtauld, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Art Online (2008-)
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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