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ID: 500013325
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500013325

 
Record Type: Person
Toyen (Bohemian painter, draftsman, and illustrator, 1902-1980)

Note: Studied at the School of Fine Arts in Prague from 1919 to 1922. Formed a partnership with the painter Jindrich Štrský in 1922 which lasted until his death in 1942. Joined the Devětsil group in Prague, 1923. Lived in Paris 1925-1928, where she ceased relying on a Cubist-inspired vocabulary. She developed with Štrský a doctrine of Artificialism: an abstract style in which images and feelings are recorded on canvas via "color sensations." They exhibited their first series of Artificialist works in 1926 at the Galerie de l' Art Contemporain, Paris. Toyen later became a founding member of the Czech Surrealist group, and helped organize its first exhibition in 1935. During the Nazi occupation her work was banned and she went undergound until 1945. After 1947 she was an active participant in the Surrealist milieu in Paris.
,

Names:
Toyen (preferred,V,display,LCP)
Toyen, Marie (V)
Toyen, Marie Cernisova (V)
Čermínová, Marie (V)
Cermínová, Marie (V)
Cernisova Toyen, Marie (V)  ....  wrongly attributed name
Marie Cernisova Toyen (V)
Toyen (Marie Cerminová) (U)

Nationalities:
Czech (preferred)
Bohemian
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
printmaker
draftsman
illustrator

Gender: female

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Prague (Praha, Hlavní Město, Czech Republic) (inhabited place)
Died:  Paris (Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
collaborated with ....  Štýrský, Jindřich  
................................  (Czech painter, printmaker, and photographer, 1899-1942) [500013863]
member of ....  Devětsil  
................  (Czech avant-garde group, active 1920-1931) [500125065]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Toyen (I)

Biographies:
(Bohemian painter, draftsman, and illustrator, 1902-1980) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Czech painter, printmaker, 1902-1980) ..... [BHA]
(Czech printmaker 1902-1980) ..... [GRLPSC]
(French artist, 20th cent.) ..... [WCP]
(French artist, 20th century) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Bohemian painter, 1902-1980) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1902-1980) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]
(French artist, born Bohemia. 1902-1980) ..... [MoMA]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Čermínová, Marie ........ [GRL, Grove Art, VP]
.................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
.................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50034328
.................................  Šmejkal and Svácha, Devětsil (1990) 109
Cermínová, Marie ........ [VP]
..................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
Cernisova Toyen, Marie ........ [VP]
.............................................  Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon. Internationale Künstlerdatenbank (1993-2006) accessed 30 September 2008
Marie Cernisova Toyen ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
...........................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Toyen ........ [BHA Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPA, Grove Art Preferred, VP Preferred]
.............  Arntz
.............  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
.............  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 2 November 2004
.............  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
.............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50034328
.............  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
.............  Šmejkal and Svácha, Devětsil (1990) 109
Toyen, Marie ........ [VP]
..........................  Bénézit Dictionary of Artists: English Edition (2006) 13:1131
Toyen (Marie Cerminová) ........ [MoMA Preferred]
...............................................  Artists, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) New York (2000-)
Toyen, Marie Cernisova ........ [GRLPA, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.............................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
.............................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [BHA, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPA, Grove Art, MoMA, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon. Internationale Künstlerdatenbank (1993-2006) accessed 30 September 2008
....................  Arntz
....................  Art Index (1929-)
....................  Bénézit Dictionary of Artists: English Edition (2006) 13:1131
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Encyklopedie Českého Výtvarného Uměni (1975)
....................  Fogg Museum Library Catalogue (1971)
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50034328
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 2 November 2004
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50034328
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Šmejkal and Svácha, Devětsil (1990) 109
....................  Toman
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Wood, Surreal Things: Surrealism and Design (2007) 354
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 11 November 2004
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