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ID: 500012432
 
Record Type: Person
Whistler, James McNeill (American painter and printmaker, 1834-1903, active in England and France)

Note: American painter, printmaker, and designer, active in England. He developed from the Realism of Courbet and Manet to become one of the leading members of The Aesthetic Movement and an exponent of Japonisme. He adopted non-specific or musical titles for his works the emphasis of which was often mood or the manipulation of paint across the surface, rather than the actual subject depicted. He is best know for his work "Arrangement in Grey and Black No 1: Portrait of the Artist's Mother" (1871), and his subsequent portraits using simple tonal colors. In 1877, his work "Nocture in Black and Gold: the Falling Rocket," caused a sensation for its blatant abstract qualitites that shocked art critics. In his later life, he created an ambitious series of etchings. American painter.

Names:
Whistler, James McNeill (preferred,V,index,LC)
James McNeill Whistler (V,display)
Whistler, James Abbott McNeill (V)
Whistler, James Abbott MacNeil (V)
Whistler, James Abbott McNeil (V)
Whistler, James Abbott Mcneill (V)
James Abbott Mcneill Whistler (V)
Whistler, James A. McNeill (V)
James A. McNeill Whistler (V)
Uistler, Dzhems Mak Neĭlʹ (U)
Whistler (U)
Whistler, J. McNeill (U)
Whistler, J. A. McN. (U)
Whistler, J. A. MacNeill (U)
Whistler, James McNeil (U)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
printmaker
designer
collector

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Lowell (Middlesex county, Massachusetts, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
active:   England (United Kingdom) (country)
exhibited:   at the Salon des Refusés, in 1863  Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
assisted by ....  Sickert, Walter Richard  
....................  (English painter, printmaker, and writer, 1860-1942) [500001141]
child of ....  Whistler, Anna Mathilda McNeill  
..............  (American mother of artist,1804-1881) [500112609]
fellow student of ....  Crawford, Earl Stetson  
..............................  (American painter and etcher, 1877-1966) [500021049]
friend of ....  Moore, Albert Joseph  
................  (English painter, 1841-1893) [500020062]
friend of ....  Walton, E. A.  
................  (Scottish painter, 1860-1922) [500118981]
grandparent of ....  Clark, Alson Skinner  
..........................  (American painter, muralist, and printmaker, 1876-1949) [500020848]
mistress was ....  Franklin, Maud  
......................  (British painter, sitter, 1857-ca. 1941) [500078574]
patron was ....  Ionides family  
..................  (British family of patrons of Greek origin, 19th century) [500319919]
spouse of ....  Campbell, Blendon Reed  
................  (American painter and illustrator, 1872-1969) [500012674]
spouse of ....  Whistler, Beatrix Godwin  1888-1896
................  (English painter, 1857-1896) [500023818]
student of ....  Gleyre, Charles  
..................  (Swiss painter, 1806-1874, active in France) [500115734]
teacher of ....  Addams, Clifford Isaac  
..................  (American painter and etcher, 1876-1942) [500082926]
teacher of ....  Aldrich, George Ames  
..................  (American painter, 1872-1941) [500108405]
teacher of ....  Campbell, Blendon Reed  
..................  (American painter and illustrator, 1872-1969) [500012674]
teacher of ....  Clark, Alson Skinner  
..................  (American painter, muralist, and printmaker, 1876-1949) [500020848]
teacher of ....  Crawford, Earl Stetson  
..................  (American painter and etcher, 1877-1966) [500021049]
teacher of ....  Cuneo, Rinaldo  
..................  (American painter, 1877-1939) [500072161]
teacher of ....  Czajkowski, Józef  
..................  (Polish architect, interior designer, and teacher, 1872-1947) [500120398]
teacher of ....  Ericson, David  
..................  (American painter, sculptor, and draftsman, died 1946) [500105585]
teacher of ....  Frieseke, Frederick Carl  
..................  (American painter, 1874-1939) [500012957]
teacher of ....  Genth, Lillian  
..................  (American painter, 1876-1953) [500053531]
teacher of ....  Greaves, Walter  
..................  (English painter and etcher, 1846-1930) [500000090]
teacher of ....  John, Gwen  1898
..................  (British painter, 1876-1939) [500009240]
teacher of ....  Kemp, Oliver  
..................  (American painter and illustrator, 1887-1934) [500006383]
teacher of ....  Martinez, Xavier  
..................  (American painter and sculptor, 1869-1943) [500025326]
teacher of ....  Ostroumova-Lebedeva, Anna Petrovna  in Paris, 1888-1889
..................  (Russian printmaker and painter, 1871-1955) [500070835]
teacher of ....  Sickert, Walter Richard  
..................  (English painter, printmaker, and writer, 1860-1942) [500001141]
teacher of ....  Somov, Konstantin  
..................  (Russian painter and graphic artist, 1869-1939) [500031589]
teacher of ....  Wetherill, Elisha Kent Kane  
..................  (American painter 1874-1929) [500045634]
uncle of ....  Frieseke, Frederick Carl  
..............  (American painter, 1874-1939) [500012957]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Whistler, James McNeill (I)

Biographies:
(American painter and printmaker, 1834-1903, active in England and France) ..... [VP Preferred]
(American painter, 1834-1903) ..... [Grove Art]
(American painter, 1834-1903) ..... [AVERY]
(American artist, 1834-1903) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1834-1903) ..... [GRL]
(American painter, 1834-1903) ..... [AVERY]
(American artist, 1834-1903) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1834-1903) ..... [WCP]
(American painter, 1834-1903) ..... [PROV]
(American painter and printmaker, 1834-1903) ..... [BHA]
(American, 1834-1903) ..... [GRLPSC]

Sources and Contributors:
James Abbott Mcneill Whistler ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
..........................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
James A. McNeill Whistler ........ [AVERY, VP]
...................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
James McNeill Whistler ........ [PROV, VP]
..............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Uistler, Dzhems Mak Neĭlʹ ........ [GRL]
..................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293
Whistler ........ [GRL]
...................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293
Whistler, J. A. MacNeill ........ [GRL]
.................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293
Whistler, J. A. McN. ........ [GRL]
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293
Whistler, James Abbott MacNeil ........ [GRLPSC Preferred, VP]
.............................................................  Metropolitan Museum of Art [online] (2003-) 17 November 2007
.............................................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
.............................................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
Whistler, James Abbott McNeil ........ [PROV]
...........................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Whistler, James Abbott McNeill ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL, Grove Art, PROV Preferred, VP, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred]
.............................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
.............................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.............................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293
Whistler, James Abbott Mcneill ........ [WL-Courtauld Preferred]
............................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Whistler, James A. McNeill ........ [AVERY Preferred, GRL, VP]
.....................................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.....................................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
.....................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293
Whistler, James McNeil ........ [GRL]
..............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293
Whistler, James McNeill ........ [GRL Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV, VP Preferred]
................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
................................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
................................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 17 November 2007
................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293
................................................  National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002) accessed 17 November 2007
Whistler, J. McNeill ........ [GRL]
..........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79032293

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Dictionary of American Biography (1928)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 17 November 2007
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) NAFL7999084
....................  Metropolitan Museum of Art [online] (2003-) 17 November 2007
....................  National Gallery of Art, Washington DC [online] (2002) accessed 17 November 2007
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Who Was Who in American Art (1985)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art (1996) v. 33, p. 140
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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