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ID: 500011658
 
Record Type: Person
Gentileschi, Artemisia (Italian painter, 1593-1651/1653)

Note: Artemesia Gentileschi was the most ambitious and influential female painter of her time. She spread the Caravaggesque style throughout Italy and expanded the narrow possibilities for female artists. Artemesia was taught to paint by her father, Orazio Gentileschi, who painted directly on the canvas and used live models. Her paint-handling in her early works reflects her father's influence, yet she also departed from him by choosing to paint tense, dramatic narratives starring female heroines. In 1612, Artemesia left Rome for Florence, after taking part in a trial against her art teacher, Agostino Tassi, who allegedly raped her. Shortly after, she painted her interpretation of Caravaggio's "Judith Beheading Holofernes," taking a more arresting and gruesome approach to the subject than was common at the time. In the 1620s, Artemesia was living again in Rome, making brief trips to Genoa and Venice and continuing to paint narrative paintings as well as female nudes, a subject shyed away from by other female artists of the period. In 1630, Artemesia had moved to Naples where her style became less Caravaggesque and her themes turned to more conventional religious subjects. In 1638 Artemesia moved to London to care for ailing father. From then on, her work was less frequent and poorly documented, and not much is known of her until her death, some time between 1651 and 1653.

Names:
Gentileschi, Artemisia (preferred,V,index,LC)
Artemisia Gentileschi (V,display)
Gentileschi, Artemesia (V)
Lomi, Artemisia (V)
Schiattesi, Artemesia (V)
Gentileschi, Artemiggia (V)
Gentoleschi, Artemiscia (V)
Artemisia Gentilesca (V)
Artemitia Gentilesca (V)
Artemizia Gentilesca (V)
Gentileschi, Artemisia Lami (V)
Artemisia Lami Gentileschi (V)
Lomi, Artemisia Gentileschi (U)
Gentileschi Lomi, Artemisia (U)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
history artist
draftsman

Gender: female

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)
Died:  Naples (Napoli province, Campania, Italy) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   1612-1620  Florence (Firenze province, Tuscany, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   1620-1630  Rome (Roma province, Lazio, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   1630-1638  Naples (Napoli province, Campania, Italy) (inhabited place)
active:   1638-1641  London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
child of ....  Gentileschi, Orazio  
..............  (Italian painter, 1563-1639) [500115545]
sibling of ....  Gentileschi, Francesco  
..................  (Italian painter and art dealer, 1597-after 1665) [500057333]
spouse of ....  Stiattesi, Pietro  married in 1612
................  (Italian painter, active 17th century) [500118283]
student of ....  Tassi, Agostino  
..................  (Italian painter, ca. 1579-1644) [500029953]
teacher of ....  Palumbo, Onofrio  
..................  (Italian painter, active mid-17th century) [500069222]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Gentileschi, Artemisia (I)

Biographies:
(Italian painter, 1593-1651/1653) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian artist, born 1597, active 1651) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1593-1652 or 3) ..... [GRL]
(Italian artist, 1597-p.1651) ..... [WCP]
(Italian painter, 1597-aft.1651) ..... [PROV]
(Italian painter, 1593-aft.1651) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Italian painter, 1593-after 1651) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
Artemisia Gentilesca ........ [PROV]
..........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Artemisia Gentileschi ........ [PROV, VP]
............................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Artemisia Lami Gentileschi ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.....................................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Artemitia Gentilesca ........ [PROV]
..........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Artemizia Gentilesca ........ [PROV]
..........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gentileschi, Artemesia ........ [VP]
..............................................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
Gentileschi, Artemiggia ........ [VP]
................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Gentileschi, Artemisia ........ [BHA Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred]
..............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 87102497
..............................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) 1986
Gentileschi, Artemisia Lami ........ [WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.......................................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
.......................................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Gentileschi Lomi, Artemisia ........ [GRL]
.......................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 87102497
Gentoleschi, Artemiscia ........ [PROV]
................................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Lomi, Artemisia ........ [BHA]
................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Lomi, Artemisia Gentileschi ........ [GRL]
.......................................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 87102497
Schiattesi, Artemesia ........ [VP, WL-Courtauld]
............................................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
............................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRL, GRLPSC, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Bolaffi, Dizionario dei pittori italiani (1972-1976)
....................  Database for the Witt Checklist of Painters c. 1200-1976 (1978-)
....................  Encyclopedia of World Art (1959-1987)
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art (1996)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 27 Feb 2003
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000) 1986
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002)
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