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ID: 500010968
 
Record Type: Person
Schlemmer, Oskar (German painter, sculptor and scenographer, 1888-1943)

Note: Born 4 September 1888. Oskar Schlemmer worked as an apprentice in a marquetry firm in Stuttgart from 1903 to 1905. From either 1906 to 1910 or 1905 to 1909, he studied at the Stuttgart Academy of Fine Arts and returned to the school from 1912 to 1914. He served in the Germany Army from either 1914 to 1916 or 1918. Schlemmer taught sculpture, mural painting, figure drawing, metalwork and theatre at the Bauhaus, Weimar, and the Bauhaus, Dessau, from 1920 or 1921 to 1929. In either 1919 or 1922 he choreographed the Triadischen Ballet which was shown at various theatre halls in Germany, France and Switzerland from 1922 to 1936. From 1923 to 1927 Schlemmer created stage scenery for theatre companies in Berlin and Magdeburg, Germany, and conducted set design classes at the School of Arts and Crafts in Breslau, Germany, from 1929 to 1932 or 1933. He worked at the Vereinigten Staatsschulen für Kunst und Kunstgewerbe in Berlin-Charlottenburg from 1932 to 1933. He completed wall murals for Dieter Keller's house in Stuttgart and the Martin factory in Offenburg, Germany, in 1940. German artist and designer, Bauhaus professor.

Names:
Schlemmer, Oskar (preferred,V,index,LC)
Oskar Schlemmer (V,display)
Schlemmer, Oscar (V)

Nationalities:
German (preferred)
undetermined

Roles:
artist (preferred)
photographer
designer
painter
sculptor
choreographer
director (performing arts)
engraver (printmaker)
metalworker
muralist
teacher  ....  1921-1933
scenographer
draftsman

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Stuttgart (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) (inhabited place)
Died:  Baden-Baden (Baden-Württemberg, Germany) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
collaborated with ....  Baumeister, Willi  1914
................................  (German painter, designer, and typographer, 1889-1955) [500022627]
collaborated with ....  Feininger, T. Lux  
................................  (American painter and photographer, 1910-2011, born in Germany) [500021971]
grandparent of ....  Schlemmer, C. Raman  
..........................  (German author, contemporary) [500040703]
professor at (person to institution) ....  Bauhaus  
................................................................  (German art school, 1919-1933) [500125058]
student of ....  Baumeister, Willi  
..................  (German painter, designer, and typographer, 1889-1955) [500022627]
student of ....  Hölzel, Adolf  
..................  (German painter, 1853-1934) [500023070]
teacher of ....  Winter, Fritz  
..................  (German painter, 1905-1976) [500015352]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Schlemmer, Oskar (I)

Biographies:
(German painter, sculptor and scenographer, 1888-1943) ..... [VP Preferred]
(German, 1888-1943) ..... [JPGM]
(German artist and designer, Bauhaus professor, 1888-1943) ..... [AVERY]
(German painter, sculptor, 1888-1943) ..... [BHA]
(German muralist, theatre designer, sculptor, metalworker, director (performing art), choreographer, teacher, painter, designer and engraver; born Stuttgart (Germany), 1888; died Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany), 1943) ..... [CCA]
(German painter and draughtsman, 1888-1943) ..... [GRLPSC]
(German painter, 1888-1943) ..... [PROV]
(German artist, 1888-1943) ..... [WCP]
(German artist, 1888-1943) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(German sculptor, 1888-1943) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(German artist, 1888-1943) ..... [AVERY]
(German painter, 1888-1943) ..... [Grove Art]
(artist, 1888-1943) ..... [GRL]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]

Sources and Contributors:
Oskar Schlemmer ........ [CCA, GRISC, PROV, VP]
................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Schlemmer, Oscar ........ [CCA, JPGM Preferred]
..................................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
Schlemmer, Oskar ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CCA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
..................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
..................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
..................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
..................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 50002710
..................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
..................................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
..................................  Witt Library, Authority files

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CCA, CL-Courtauld, Gallery Systems, GRISC, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Canadian Centre for Architecture database
....................  CCA Authority File (1980-)
....................  Domus 694 (1988)
....................  Domus, 1988 Jan.,no.694 IV
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50002710
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50002710
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-)
....................  Maur, Oskar Schlemmer (1982) 275-285
....................  Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Art (1981)
....................  Phaidon Dictionary of Twentieth Century Art (1973)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
....................  Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) (2002-)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CCA, CL-Courtauld, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
.......... Domus, 1988 Jan.,no.694 IV
.......... Maur, Oskar Schlemmer (1982)
.......... Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Künstler (1980-1986)
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