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 Representative Images:    1  2  3
ID: 500009588
 
Record Type: Person
Master of the Brussels Initials (Italian illuminator, active ca. 1390-1410, active in France)

Note: The Master of the Brussels Initials was an anonymous illuminator who began his career in the late 1300s in a prominent workshop in Bologna. His name comes from the fifteen historiated initials he painted in a book of hours , now in Brussels, commissioned by Jean, duc de Berry. The Master's career developed parallel to the growth of international workshops active in book production in the late Middle Ages. After enjoying a successful career in Bologna for more than a decade, he moved to the Ile-de-France, where he adapted the more pastel and subtle colors of French court illumination. To the many manuscripts that he decorated in France, he introduced not only stocky Bolognese figure types but also an exuberant style of border decoration teeming with large acanthus leaves, frolicking putti, and amusing zoomorphic figures. The mix of Italian and French elements in this artist's work epitomizes the character of European court painting around 1400, appropriately called the International style.

Names:
Master of the Brussels Initials (preferred,V,display)
Master of Brussels Initials (V)

Nationalities:
Italian (preferred)
French
Parisian
Bolognese

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
illuminator

Gender: unknown

Events:
active:   Paris (Ville de Paris department, Île-de-France, France) (inhabited place)
active:   Bologna (Bologna province, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) (inhabited place)

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Master of the Brussels Initials (I)

Biographies:
(Italian illuminator, active ca. 1390-1410, active in France) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Italian illuminator, act.1380-1409) ..... [BHA]
(French illuminator, act. ca.1400) ..... [GRLPSC]

Sources and Contributors:
Master of Brussels Initials ........ [GRLPSC Preferred]
.....................................................  Roger Wieck
Master of the Brussels Initials ........ [BHA Preferred, VP Preferred]
...........................................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)

Subject: ........ [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
....................  Bolaffi, Dizionario dei pittori italiani (1972-1976)
....................  Getty Museum, Authority file (2003-) accessed 10 June 2004
....................  GRI, Photo Study. Authority Files (1998-) accessed 10 June 2004
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 10 June 2004
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 10 June 2004
....................  Meiss, French Painting: Limbourgs (1968)
....................  Roger Wieck
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) accessed 12 November 2009
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