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ID: 500007824
 
Record Type: Person
Calder, Alexander (American sculptor, painter, and designer, 1898-1976)

Note: Calder graduated from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1919 with a degree in mechanical engineering. After taking classes at the Arts Students League, he became a freelance artist and illustrator, and published a book titled Animal Sketching. In the 1920s, Calder began traveling to Paris, becoming influenced by the work of Klee and Miró. In 1930, after visiting Piet Mondrian's studio, he began to create abstract constructions incorporating biomorphic forms, specifically with variations on the mobile, for which he is most known. Calder divided his time between trips abroad and his farm in Roxbury, Connecticut, and as his commissions grew more frequent, his mobiles became increasingly gigantic. Examples are Flamingo, the stabile at Federal Center Plaza in Chicago, and La Défense, at the Rond Point de La Défense Métro station in Paris.

Names:
Calder, Alexander (preferred,V,index,LC)
Alexander Calder (V,display)
Calder, Sandy (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
French

Roles:
artist (preferred)
sculptor
painter
illustrator
printmaker
designer
tapestry designer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Philadelphia (Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, United States) (inhabited place)
Died:  New York City (New York state, United States) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
child of ....  Calder, Alexander Stirling  
..............  (American sculptor, 1870-1945) [500023328]
fellow student of ....  Benton, Thomas Hart  Art Students League
..............................  (American painter, illustrator, and lithographer, 1889-1975) [500005998]
fellow student of ....  Sloan, John  Art Students League
..............................  (American painter, etcher, and illustrator, 1871-1951) [500014645]
grandchild of ....  Calder, Alexander Milne  
........................  (American sculptor, 1846-1923) [500032270]
influenced by ....  Brown, Earle  
........................  (American composer, 1926-2002) [500101100]
student of ....  Du Bois, Guy Pène  
..................  (American painter, 1884-1958) [500120494]
student of ....  Sloan, John  
..................  (American painter, etcher, and illustrator, 1871-1951) [500014645]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Calder, Alexander (I)

Biographies:
(American sculptor, painter, and designer, 1898-1976) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist) ..... [GRI Special Collections]
(American artist) ..... [AVERY]
(American artist, 1898-1976) ..... [AVERY]
(American sculptor, 1898-1976) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(American artist, 1898-1976) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1898-) ..... [WCP]
(American painter, 1898-1976) ..... [PROV]
(American sculptor, 1898-1976) ..... [GRLPSC]
(American sculptor, 1898-1976) ..... [BHA]
(artist, 1898-1976) ..... [GRL]
(American artist, 1898-1976) ..... [WL-Courtauld]

Sources and Contributors:
Alexander Calder ........ [GRISC, PROV, VP]
..................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
..................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
Calder, Alexander ........ [AVERY Preferred, BHA Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRISC Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
....................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-) 890164
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79112975
....................................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 84
....................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Calder, Sandy ........ [AVERY, GRL]
............................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79112975

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CL-Courtauld, GRISC, GRL, GRLPSC, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Bruce and Wells, Art and Context, the '50s and '60s (2006) 32
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  GRI Special Collections Finding Aids databases (1980-)
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 26 November 2003
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Oxford Concise Dictionary of Art and Artists (1996) 84
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Who Was Who in American Art (1985)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Wood, Surreal Things: Surrealism and Design (2007) 353
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, CL-Courtauld, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) accessed 26 November 2003
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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