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ID: 500002921
 
Record Type: Person
Rubens, Peter Paul (Flemish painter and draftsman, 1577-1640)

Note: Rubens was an important and influential artist, as well as an international diplomat, successful businessman, devout Catholic, and an intellectual fluent in six languages. After study with local Antwerp painters, Rubens studied in Italy, copying works from antiquity and Renaissance masters. Rubens is famed for an energetic Baroque style that blends northern European realism with the grandeur and monumentality of Italian art. His work is characterized by a free, expressive technique that seemed to captured the feeling of 'joie de vivre.' His workshop was extremely prolific, with its many assistants helping to produce great numbers of paintings of many subjects, book illustrations, tapestry designs, festival decorations, and engraved reproductions of his paintings. He greatly influenced contemporary artists and later generations as well.

Names:
Rubens, Peter Paul (preferred,V,index,LC)
Peter Paul Rubens (V,display)
Rubens, Sir Peter Paul (V)
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (V)
Rubens, Pieter Paul (V)
Ruebens, Peter Paul (V)
Peter Paul Reubens (V)
Pierre Paul Rubens (V)
Peter Paolo Rubens (V)
Pedro Pablo de Rubenes (V)
Pedro Pablo Rubenes (V)
Petro Paulo Rubes (V)
Pietro Paolo Rubbens (V)
Pietro Paolo Rubens (V)
Pietro Paulo Rubens (V)
Pietro Pauolo Rubens (V)
Pietropaolo Rubenz (V)
Ruben, Peter Paul (V)
Rubenns, Peter Paul (V)
Rubens, Peeter Pauwel (V)
Ruuenes, Peter Paul (V)
Paolo Rubens (V)
Rubens, Sir (V)
Rubens, Pierre-Paul (U)
Rubens, Pieter-Pauwel (U)
Rubens, Pietro Paolo (U)
Rubens, P. P. (U)
רובנס, פטר פאול (U)
Rubens (U)

Nationalities:
Flemish (preferred)

Roles:
artist (preferred)
diplomat
draftsman
director (administrator)
painter
collector
writer

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Siegen (Arnsberg district, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany) (inhabited place)
Died:  Antwerp (Antwerpen province, Flanders, Belgium) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   Antwerp (Antwerpen province, Flanders, Belgium) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
apprentice was ....  Wouters, Frans  1634
..........................  (Flemish painter and dealer, 1612-1659) [500029248]
assisted by ....  Boeckhorst, Jan  
....................  (German painter and draftsman, 1605-1668, active in Flanders) [500016468]
assisted by ....  Luyckx, Frans  
....................  (Flemish painter, 1604-1668, active in Austria) [500014615]
assisted by ....  Rombouts, Theodoor  in 1635 on the decorations for the "Pompa Introitus Ferdinandi"
....................  (Flemish painter and printmaker, 1597-1637) [500006497]
court artist to ....  Gonzaga, Vincenzo, I  ca. 1600-ca. 1608
..........................  (Mantuan ruler and patron, 1562-1612) [500115124]
employee was ....  Quellinus, Erasmus, II  
......................  (Flemish painter and draftsman, 1607-1678) [500117086]
friend of ....  Richardot, Guillaume  
................  (Flemish chancellor, born late 16th century) [500093981]
master of ....  Thomas, Jan  
................  (Flemish painter and engraver, 1617-1678) [500002707]
patron of ....  Louis XIII, King of France  
................  (French king, patron, and collector, 1601-1643) [500059708]
patron was ....  Howard, Thomas, 2nd Earl of Arundel  
..................  (English collector and patron, 1586-1646) [500057345]
patron was ....  Louis XIV, King of France  
..................  (French monarch, collector, and patron, 1638-1715) [500122256]
patron was ....  Marie de Medici, Queen of France  
..................  (French queen, patron, and collector, 1573-1642) [500122326]
patron was ....  Spinola family  
..................  (Italian patrons, active late 12th-19th centuries) [500326342]
sibling by marriage (in-law) of ....  Fourment, Susanne  
......................................................  (Flemish gentlewoman, 1599-1628) [500106809]
sibling of ....  Rubens, Philippe  
..................  (Flemish archaeologist, philologist, 1573-1611) [500092259]
spouse of ....  Brandt, Isabella  married in 1609
................  (Flemish gentlewoman, 1591-1626) [500112619]
teacher of ....  Dyck, Anthony van  
..................  (Flemish painter, 1599-1641, active in England) [500115190]
teacher of ....  Faydherbe, Lucas  
..................  (Flemish architect and sculptor, 1617-1697) [500002228]
teacher of ....  Horst, Nikolaus van der  
..................  (Dutch draftsman and and painter, born 1587 or 1598, died 1646) [500115542]
teacher of ....  Vorsterman, Lucas  ca. 1617-1620
..................  (Flemish printmaker, 1595-1675) [500014123]
teacher of ....  Wolfvoet, Victor  
..................  (Flemish painter, 1612-1652) [500029340]
worked with ....  Brueghel, Jan, the elder  
....................  (Flemish painter and draftsman, 1568-1625) [500007095]
worked with ....  Schut, Cornelis, I  in Antwerp, in 1635
....................  (Flemish painter and printmaker, 1597-1655, active in Italy) [500029273]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  Rubens, Peter Paul (I)

Biographies:
(Flemish painter and draftsman, 1577-1640) ..... [VP Preferred]
(Flemish painter, 1577-1640) ..... [Grove Art]
(Flemish artist, 1577-1640) ..... [AVERY]
(Flemish artist, 1577-1640) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(Flemish artist, 1577-1640) ..... [WCP]
(Flemish artist, 1577-1640) ..... [AVERY]
(Netherlands artist, 1577-1640) ..... [WCI]
(Flemish painter, 1577-1640) ..... [PROV]
(Flemish, 1577-1640) ..... [JPGM]
(Flemish painter, 1577-1640) ..... [GRLPSC]
(Painter, draughtsman, collector, writer, 1577-1640) ..... [CENSUS]
(Flemish painter, 1577-1640) ..... [BHA]
(artist, 1577-1640) ..... [GRL]

Sources and Contributors:
Paolo Rubens ........ [PROV]
..........................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Pedro Pablo de Rubenes ........ [PROV]
...........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Pedro Pablo Rubenes ........ [PROV]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Peter Paolo Rubens ........ [PROV]
.....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Peter Paul Reubens ........ [PROV]
.....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Peter Paul Rubens ........ [PROV, VP]
...................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
...................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
Petro Paulo Rubes ........ [VP]
...................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Pierre Paul Rubens ........ [PROV]
.....................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Pietro Paolo Rubbens ........ [PROV]
.........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Pietro Paolo Rubens ........ [PROV]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Pietropaolo Rubenz ........ [PROV]
......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Pietro Paulo Rubens ........ [PROV]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Pietro Pauolo Rubens ........ [PROV]
.........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rubenns, Peter Paul ........ [VP]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Ruben, Peter Paul ........ [VP]
...................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rubens ........ [GRL]
...............  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79055561
Rubens, Peeter Pauwel ........ [PROV]
...........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Rubens, Peter Paul ........ [BHA Preferred, CENSUS Preferred, GRL Preferred, GRLPSC Preferred, Grove Art Preferred, JPGM Preferred, PROV Preferred, VP Preferred, WCI Preferred, WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.....................................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
.....................................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
.....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79055561
.....................................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
.....................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Rubens, Pierre-Paul ........ [GRL]
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79055561
Rubens, Pieter Paul ........ [GRL, PROV]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
.......................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79055561
Rubens, Pieter-Pauwel ........ [GRL]
.............................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79055561
Rubens, Pietro Paolo ........ [GRL]
.........................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79055561
Rubens, P. P. ........ [GRL]
...........................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79055561
Rubens, Sir ........ [WL-Courtauld]
........................  Witt Library, Authority files
Rubens, Sir Peter Paul ........ [AVERY, CENSUS, VP, WCP Preferred]
............................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
............................................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
............................................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
Ruebens, Peter Paul ........ [VP]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Ruuenes, Peter Paul ........ [VP]
.......................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
Sir Peter Paul Rubens ........ [PROV]
..........................................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
רובנס, פטר פאול ........ [GRL]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 79055561

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CENSUS, GRL, GRLPSC, Grove Art, JPGM, PROV, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (1963-)
....................  Census of Antique Art and Architecture Known to the Renaissance database
....................  Getty Provenance Index Databases [online] (1999)
....................  Grove Art artist database (1989-)
....................  J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-)
....................  LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  RILA/BHA (1975-2000)
....................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Wurzbach, Niederländisches Künstler-Lexikon (1974)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 08/15/2002.
.......... J. Paul Getty Museum, collections online (2000-) Accessed 08/15/2002.
.......... LCNAF Library of Congress Name Authority File [n.d.]
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