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ID: 500000974
 
Record Type: Person
De Kooning, Willem (American painter and sculptor, 1904-1997)

Note: De Kooning was born in the Netherlands, but active primarily in America. He was a leading figure of Abstract Expressionism. His style strongly influenced art after World War II. De Kooning attended the Rotterdam Academy of Fine Arts and Techniques and was drawn to Cubism. He moved to the United States in 1926 and worked as a house painter. He was influenced by many avant-garde artists at this time and began to experiment with different painting techniques and processes. He became close friends with Arshile Gorky, whose death in 1948 deeply affected him. He turned to dark and violent paintings, which evolved into an obsession with the human figure. In 1952, de Kooning created the Women series, paintings of the female body in abstract and loosely rendered form. American painter and sculptor; born in the Netherlands; leading figure in the Abstract Expressionist movement.

Names:
De Kooning, Willem (preferred,V,index,LC)
Willem de Kooning (V,display)
Kooning, Willem de (V)
de Kooning, Willem (V)
Kooning, Willem De (V)
Willem De Kooning (V)

Nationalities:
American (preferred)
Dutch
Netherlandish

Roles:
artist (preferred)
painter
printmaker
lithographer
sculptor

Gender: male

Birth and Death Places:
Born:  Rotterdam (South Holland, Netherlands) (inhabited place)
Died:  East Hampton (Suffolk county, New York state, United States) (inhabited place)

Events:
active:   New York state (United States) (state)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
associate of ....  Hartigan, Grace  
......................  (American painter, 1922-2008) [500027518]
friend of ....  Gorky, Arshile  
................  (American painter, 1904-1948) [500021392]
spouse of ....  De Kooning, Elaine  
................  (American sculptor, painter, and writer, 1920-1989) [500001599]
teacher at (person to institution) ....  Black Mountain College  
............................................................  (American liberal arts college, active 1933-1957) [500125890]
teacher of ....  Passlof, Pat  
..................  (American painter, 1928-2011) [500095431]
teacher of ....  Rankine, V. V.  
..................  (American sculptor and painter, born 1924) [500022750]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Persons, Artists
 ........  De Kooning, Willem (I)

Biographies:
(American painter and sculptor, 1904-1997) ..... [VP Preferred]
( sculptor, born 1904) ..... [CL-Courtauld]
(American artist, 1904-1997) ..... [WL-Courtauld]
(artist, 1904-1997) ..... [GRL]
(American painter) ..... [AVERY]
(American painter, 1904-1997) ..... [AVERY]
(American artist, b.1904) ..... [WCI]
(American artist, 1904-) ..... [WCP]
(American painter, b.1904) ..... [GRLPSC]
(American painter, b.1904) ..... [BHA]

Sources and Contributors:
De Kooning, Willem ........ [AVERY Preferred, CL-Courtauld Preferred, GRL Preferred, VP Preferred]
.....................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
.....................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 29 April 2004
.....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83149905
.....................................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) accessed 29 April 2004
.....................................  Witt Library, Authority files
.....................................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 190
de Kooning, Willem ........ [BHA Preferred, VP]
....................................  Ask Art [online] (2003) accessed 29 April 2004
....................................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
Kooning, Willem de ........ [AVERY, BHA, GRL, GRLPSC Preferred, VP, WCI Preferred, WCP Preferred]
....................................  Avery Authority files (1963-)
....................................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) n 83149905
....................................  Muller, Dutch Art (1997) 93
....................................  Washington Post (19 March 1997)
Kooning, Willem De ........ [WL-Courtauld Preferred]
.....................................  Witt Library, Authority files
Willem de Kooning ........ [VP]
..................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
..................................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 29 April 2004
Willem De Kooning ........ [CL-Courtauld, VP, WL-Courtauld]
...................................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules

Subject: ........ [AVERY, BHA, CL-Courtauld, GRL, GRLPSC, VP, WCI, WCP, WL-Courtauld]
....................  Ask Art [online] (2003) accessed 29 April 2004
....................  Babington Smith Dictionary of Contemporary artists (1981)
....................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
....................  Bruce and Wells, Art and Context, the '50s and '60s (2006) 66
....................  Bénézit, Dictionnaire des Peintres (1976)
....................  Getty Vocabulary Program rules
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 29 April 2004
....................  Guide to Exhibited Artists: North American Painters (1985)
....................  International Directory of Exhibiting Artists (1982-) 1982-1983
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) accessed 29 April 2004
....................  Muller, Dutch Art (1997) 93
....................  ULAN 500000974
....................  Washington Post (19 March 1997)
....................  Witt Library, Authority files
....................  Yale Dictionary of Art and Artists (2000) 190
 
Note:
English .......... [AVERY, VP, WL-Courtauld]
.......... Bruce and Wells, Art and Context, the '50s and '60s (2006) 66
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) Accessed 07/10/2002.
.......... ULAN 500000974
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