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ID: 500122313
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500122313

 

Record Type: Corporate Body
Cobra (International group of artists, active 1948-1951)

Note: Artist group founded in Paris in 1948, and named for the capital cities of the countries of origin of the members of the group (Copenhagen, Brussels, Amsterdam). The three main spokespeople for the group were Asger Jorn, Christian Dotrement and Constant. The group, as a whole, was inspired by spontaneous and experimental working methods such as folk art, primitive art, as well as poetry and film. Philosophically, Cobra was influenced by Marxism, rejecting Western culture as well as Surrealism. The group had two major exhibitions, both organized by Asger Jorn, in 1949 and 1951 respectively, before dissolving. Cobra was a major influence on the work of the European Abstract Expressionists.
,

Names:
Cobra (preferred,V,display,LCO)
COBRA (V)
CoBrA (V)
Gruppe Cobra (V)
Groupe Cobra (V)
Kobura Gurūpu (V)
Cobra (Association) (V)

Nationalities:
International (preferred)
Danish
Scandinavian
Dutch
Belgian

Roles:
artist (preferred)
artists

Gender: not applicable

Events:
active:   1948-1951

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
associated with ....  Heerup, Henry  
............................  (Danish painter, sculptor, and printmaker, 1907-1993) [500014826]
associated with ....  Hultén, C. O.  
............................  (Swedish painter, born 1916) [500122151]
associated with ....  Istler, Josef  
............................  (Czech painter, born 1919) [500122315]
associated with ....  Jacobsen, Egill  
............................  (Danish painter, 1910-1998) [500027467]
associated with ....  Kemeny, Madeleine  
............................  (Hungarian painter, 1906-1993) [500122316]
associated with ....  Kemeny, Zoltan  
............................  (Swiss painter, sculptor, and designer, 1907-1965) [500031473]
associated with ....  Mancoba, Ernest  
............................  (French sculptor, painter, and draftsman, born 1904) [500122098]
associated with ....  Pedersen, Carl-Henning  
............................  (Danish painter, draftsman, and sculptor, 1913-1993) [500002493]
associated with ....  Svanberg, Max Walter  
............................  (Swedish painter and collagist, 1912-1994) [500027280]
associated with ....  Ubac, Raoul  
............................  (Belgian painter, sculptor, and printmaker, 1910-1985, active in France) [500023591]
associated with ....  Vandercam, Serge  
............................  (Danish painter and sculptor, born 1924) [500104451]
member was ....  Alechinsky, Pierre  
..................  (Belgian painter, draftsman, and filmmaker, born 1927) [500027985]
member was ....  Alfelt, Else  
..................  (Danish painter, 1910-1974) [500083085]
member was ....  Appel, Karel  
..................  (Dutch painter and sculptor, 1921-2006, active in Amsterdam, Paris, and New York) [500030857]
member was ....  Atlan, Jean Michel  
..................  (French painter and writer of Algerian birth, 1913-1960) [500055885]
member was ....  Balle, Mogens  
..................  (Danish painter, 1924-1988) [500122314]
member was ....  Bille, Ejler  
..................  (Danish sculptor, painter, and writer, 1910-2004) [500024889]
member was ....  Brands, Eugène  
..................  (Dutch painter, 1913-2002) [500010462]
member was ....  Bury, Pol  
..................  (Belgian painter, sculptor, and graphic artist, 1922-2005) [500008200]
member was ....  Constant  
..................  (Dutch painter, printmaker, and sculptor, 1920-2005) [500013503]
member was ....  Corneille  
..................  (Dutch painter, draftsman, and graphic artist, 1922-2010) [500048093]
member was ....  Dotremont, Christian  
..................  (Belgian writer and painter, 1922-1979) [500098114]
member was ....  Doucet, Jacques  
..................  (French painter, 1924-1994) [500096384]
member was ....  Dragos, Nicolai  
..................  (Romanian painter and sculptor, 1931-1976, active in Brazil) [500371908]
member was ....  Ferlov Mancoba, Sonja  
..................  (Danish sculptor and draftsman, 1911-1985, active in France) [500082448]
member was ....  Gear, William  
..................  (British painter, 1915-1997) [500023552]
member was ....  Gilbert, Stephen  
..................  (British painter and sculptor, born 1910) [500011075]
member was ....  Götz, Karl-Otto  
..................  (German painter, photographer, and filmmaker, born 1914) [500017831]
member was ....  GuÐnason, Svavar  
..................  (Icelandic painter, 1909-1988) [500100530]
member was ....  Jorn, Asger  
..................  (Danish painter, printmaker, and ceramicist, 1914-1973) [500007669]
member was ....  Lucebert  
..................  (Dutch painter, draftsman, and writer, 1924-1994) [500027027]
member was ....  Ortvad, Erik  
..................  (Danish painter, born 1917) [500122317]
member was ....  Österlin, Anders  
..................  (Swedish painter and graphic artist, 1926-2011) [500122318]
member was ....  Rooskens, Anton  
..................  (Dutch painter, 1906-1976) [500023007]
member was ....  Tajiri, Shinkichi  
..................  (American sculptor, photographer, and filmmaker, 1923-2009, active in the Netherlands) [500029677]
member was ....  Thommesen, Erik  
..................  (Danish sculptor, born 1916) [500083217]
member was ....  Wolvecamp, Theo Wilhelm  
..................  (Dutch painter, 1925-1992) [500078602]
related to ....  Gaag, Lotti van der  
..................  (Dutch painter, sculptor, and draftsman, 1923-1999) [500355431]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Cobra (I)

Biographies:
(International group of artists, active 1948-1951) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Cobra ........ [VP Preferred]
.............  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 3 March 2005
.............  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 50069449 accessed 3 March 2005
COBRA ........ [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 3 March 2005
.................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) accessed 3 March 2005
CoBrA ........ [VP]
...............  Siegal, Exploring the Transition in Constant's Work, New York Times (2016)
Cobra (Association) ........ [GRISC Preferred]
........................................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
Groupe Cobra ........ [VP]
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) accessed 3 March 2005
Gruppe Cobra ........ [VP]
..........................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) accessed 3 March 2005
Kobura Gurūpu ........ [VP]
............................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) accessed 3 March 2005

Subject: ........ [Gallery Systems, GRISC, VP]
....................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 3 March 2005
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n50069449
....................  Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 3 March 2005
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n50069449
....................  Library of Congress Authorities online (2002-) n 50069449 accessed 3 March 2005; n 50069449 accessed 3 March 2005; accessed 3 March 2005
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-) accessed 3 March 2005
.......... Grove Art Online (2003-2008) accessed 3 March 2005
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