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ID: 500115939
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/ulan/500115939

 

Record Type: Corporate Body
Archigram (English architectural group, 1960-1972)

Note: English architectural group, periodical, and stylistic tendency of the 1960s. The periodical began as a student publication founded by Peter Cook in 1960, and by 1964, consisted of Cook, Warren Chalk, Dennis Crompton, Ron Herron, David Greene, and Mike Webb. Most of the material illustrated in the periodical was avant-garde, using modern techniques such as photocopying, and emphasized an increased awareness of the transience and expendability of physical equipment and its direct response to human needs. Among the most well known projects include Ron Herron's "Walking Cities" project, (1964) which comprised large urban structures set in motion on mechanical legs. The high-point of their success was marked by their winning a major international competition in 1970 for an underground entertainment center in Monte Carlo. These images were reproduced in other magazines worldwide and it became the model for other radical-formalist movements such as the Italian Archizoom group. While Archigram inspired megastructures, in the end none of the projects were executed, and in the changing intellectual and financial climate of the 1970s, a loss of confidence in large-scale planning saw its influence wane. As a result, the group disbanded in 1972. The true influence of Archigram began in earnest after its demise, as some of its ideas and formalist tendencies became absorbed into the mainstream of late modern architecture. Architects such as Richard Rodgers and Norman Foster have acknowledge its contribution to the "High-Tech" movement of the mid-1970s.

Names:
Archigram (preferred,V,display)

Nationalities:
British (modern) (preferred)
English

Roles:
architects (preferred)
group

Gender: not applicable

Start and End Places:
Start:  London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Events:
location:   1960-1972  London (Greater London, England, United Kingdom) (inhabited place)

Related People or Corporate Bodies:
founded by ....  Cook, Peter  1960
..................  (British architect, born 1936) [500004775]
member was ....  Chalk, Warren  1964-1972
..................  (British architect and author, 1927-1987) [500001023]
member was ....  Crompton, Dennis  1964-1972
..................  (English architect, born 1935) [500115941]
member was ....  Greene, David  1964-1972
..................  (English architect, born 1937) [500115942]
member was ....  Herron, Ron  1964-1972
..................  (British architect, 1930-1994) [500022910]
member was ....  Webb, Michael  1964-1972
..................  (British architect, born 1937) [500007233]
worked with ....  Rickaby, Tony  
....................  (English painter, born 1944) [500026638]

List/Hierarchical Position:
 ....  Corporate Bodies
 ........  Archigram (I)

Biographies:
(English architectural group, 1960-1972) ..... [VP Preferred]
(artist, active 20th century) ..... [GRISC]

Additional Names:

Sources and Contributors:
Archigram ........ [GRISC Preferred, VP Preferred]
.....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Archigram." Accessed 03/03/03
.....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)

Subject: ........ [Gallery Systems, GRISC, VP]
....................  Gallery Systems (2000-) LOC ID: n95039004
....................  Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Archigram." Accessed 03/03/03
....................  Harald Szeemann papers, Finding Aid, GRI Special Collections (2011-)
....................  Library of Congress Authorities database (n.d.) LOC ID: n95039004
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
.......... Grove Dictionary of Art online (1999-2002) "Archigram." Accessed 03/03/03
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