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ID: 7024031
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7024031

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Erfurt (inhabited place)  Erfurt (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 59 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.9833  decimal degrees
Long: 011 02 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 11.0333  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Gera (formerly Erpf) river; established on site of abbey & royal residence in 8th cen.; was important medieval administrative, military and commercial center specializing in woad, a plant then used for blue dye; was Prussian after 1802.

Names:
Erfurt (preferred,C,V)
Erpesfurt (H,V)  ............ name used in 8th cen., meaning "Ford (Furt) on the Erpf (now Gera) river"

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Thuringia (state)  ............  Thuringia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Erfurt (inhabited place)  ................  Erfurt (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Thuringia (historical region)  ........  Thuringia (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Erfurt (inhabited place)  ............  Erfurt (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  by legend, founded in 6th cen.; first documented in 724, municipal rights granted ca. 1250 by archbishop of Mainz
city (C)
commercial center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  university opened 1392, suppressed 1816; now has teaching institute & medical academy
industrial center (C)
state capital (C)
transportation center (C)
episcopal see (H)  ............  founded by St. Boniface in 742
military center (H)  ............  stronghold for E border of Frankish Empire, by 805
religious center (H)  ............  site of abbey by 8th cen., noted for Augustinian monastery where Martin Luther was a monk in 1505
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Erfurt..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:278
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 63
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 375
Erpesfurt..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 539
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 278; 1:278
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IV, 539
..................  National Archives and Record Administration database (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1766996
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 63
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 375
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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