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ID: 7012653
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7012653

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Pforzheim (inhabited place)  Pforzheim (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 48 53 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 48.8833  decimal degrees
Long: 008 42 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.7000  decimal degrees

Note: Pforzheim is a city located in southwestern Germany on the northern edge of the Black Forest where the Nagold and Würm Rivers join the Enz on the French border. Originally a Roman settlement, it became a German town, chartered in 1195, and an important medieval center, famous for the production of jewelry and watches. It was sacked in the Thirty Years' War and again in the War of Grand Alliance in the 17th century. It was almost totally destroyed in World War II, but has been rebuilt and restored. Its 2004 estimated population was 119,500.

Names:
Pforzheim (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Pforzheim (German-P,U,N)
Porta Hercyniae (H,O,Latin-P,U,N)  ............ Roman name

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Baden-Württemberg (state)  ............  Baden-Württemberg (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Pforzheim (inhabited place)  ................  Pforzheim (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was Roman settlement, modern town chartered ca. 1195
city (C)
commercial center (C)  ............  flourished since medieval times
manufacturing center (C)
educational center (C)  ............  was renowned for medieval Latin school
noble seat (H)  ............  of margraves of Baden, from the 13th century to1565

Sources and Contributors:
Pforzheim..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 350
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
....................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 948
Porta Hercyniae..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 732
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 732
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 350
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Pforzheim (Germany) NAF50057390, accessed 11 Feb. 2004
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1842944
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 948
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 11 Feb. 2004

 

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