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ID: 7008736
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7008736

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Mechelen (inhabited place)  Mechelen (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 01 42 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.0283  decimal degrees
Long: 004 28 46 E  degrees minutes   Long: 4.4793  decimal degrees

Note: Settled in ancient times, the commune of Mechelen lies along the Dijle River, a few miles north-northeast of Brussels, in the Belgian province of Antwerp. According to Christian legend, St. Rumoldus came here in 756. It was ruled by the prince-bishops of Li├Ęge from 915 to 1333, by Flanders from 1333 to 1368, and by Burgundy from 1369. Charles the Bold of Burgundy made it the seat of the Grand Council in 1473, the supreme court of the Low Countries. The regent Margaret of Austria made it the capital of The Netherlands in the early 16th century, and it became a cultural center and archbishopric. It suffered great damage in wars from the 16th to the 18th centuries, being held variously by the French, Spanish, and English, and again in World War II. Its architectural and artistic treasures include the Cathedral of St. Rumoldus of the13th-15th century, containing a 49-bell carillon and Anthony Van Dyck's Crucifixion, St. John's Church with Peter Paul Rubens's Adoration of the Magi; Notre Dame with Rubens's Miraculous Draught of Fishes, the Renaissance palace of Margaret of Austria which has served as law courts since 1796, the 14th-century Cloth Hall, and the town hall, which is composed of three distinct structures: the Palace of the Grand Council built in 1526, the cadre of halls built 1311-26, and a Renaissance building of17th century. It was at one time a notable center of lace making. In the 20th and 21st centuries it is noted for its vegetable market, and furniture, tapestry, and beer industries. Its population by a 2003 estimate is 76,200.

Names:
Mechelen (preferred,C,V,Dutch-P,U,N)
Mechelen (Flemish,U,N)
Mechlin (C,V,English,U,N)
Malines (C,V,English,U,N)
Malines (French-P,U,N)
Mecheln (C,O,German,U,N)
Machlina (H,V)
Mechlinae (H,O,Latin,U,N)
Mechlinia (H,V)  ............ medieval

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Belgium (nation)  ........  Belgium (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (region (administrative division))  ............  Flanders (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Antwerpen (province)  ................  Antwerpen (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Mechelen (inhabited place)  ....................  Mechelen (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Flanders (former nation/state/empire)  ........  Flanders (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Mechelen (inhabited place)  ............  Mechelen (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was settled in ancient times
city (C)
market center (C)  ............  noted for vegetable market
manufacturing center (C)  ............  produces furntiture, tapestries, beer; was formerly a noted center for lace-making
episcopal see (C)  ............  noted for 13th/15th-cen. cathedral

Sources and Contributors:
Machlina..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 996
Malines..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Mechelen..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1985)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 125
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Mecheln..........  [VP]
.................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986) "Bessemers, Marie." 3/534
Mechlin..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Mechlinae..........  [VP]
....................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002)
Mechlinia..........  [VP]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 582
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 582
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Concise Description of Flanders [web site] (2002)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 996
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1964894
..................  Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Kunstler (1980-1986) "Bessemers, Marie." 3/534
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1985)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 125
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) "Mechelen" accessed 04 August 2003

 

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