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ID: 7007652
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7007652

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Cracow (inhabited place)  Cracow (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 03 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.0500  decimal degrees
Long: 019 55 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 19.9167  decimal degrees

Note: A cultural and artistic center since 14th century, Kraków was destroyed by Swedish wars in the 17th century, and later occupied by Austria from 1795-1918. It suffered Nazi attacks during World War II, and was also the location of a Nazi concentration camp, known as the Plaszow camp, in operation as a forced-labor camp from 1942-1944, and then a full concentration camp from 1944-1945. The camp held up to 20,000 people, and many thousands were killed by the SS during the camp's existence. Industry in Kraków revived after the war. The city is known for its rich architectural history, museums, and theaters.

Names:
Kraków (preferred,C,V)
Cracovie (C,O)
Cracow (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Krakau (C,O)
Cracovia (C,O)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Poland (nation)  ........  Poland (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Małopolskie (voivodeship)  ............  Małopolskie (voivodeship) (P)
Hierarchy of Cracow (inhabited place)  ................  Cracow (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  occupied by Vistulans until 10th cen.
city (C)
provincial capital (C)  ............  since 1138
episcopal see (C)  ............  since late 10th cen.
industrial center (C)
trade center (C)
republic (C)  ............  independent, from 1815-1846
grand duchy (C)  ............  ruled by Napoleon I from 1809-1815
capital (C)  ............  of kings of Poland from 11th-14th cen.; of nation from 1138-1609
concentration camp site (H)  ............  1942-1945

Sources and Contributors:
Cracovia..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 135
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Cracovie..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-42
Cracow..........  [BHA, GRLPSC]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Krakau..........  [GRLPSC]
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
Kraków..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 209-210
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 981
.................  Nagel's: Poland (1969) 142-146
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 104
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  BHA, Authority file (1973-)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 209-210
..................  Cassell's Italian Dictionary (1983) 135
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 981
..................  Nagel's: Poland (1969) 142-146
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1989) I-42
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 104
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
..........  United States Holocaust Memorial Museum [online] (2008-) accessed 6 June 2008

 

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