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ID: 7006366
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Poland (nation)  Poland (nation)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 020 00 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 20.0000  decimal degrees

Note: Poland is a republic of northeastern Europe, bordered on the east by Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine, on the west by Germany, on the south by the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and on the north by the Baltic Sea. However, its boundaries have changed many times over the centuries. It was settled by Slavic tribes in the 2nd millennium BCE, and over time saw incursions by Ostrogoths, Slavs, Huns and Avars. Many small states formed in the 9th century, until a united in kingdom emerged in 1025. It was part of the Polish-Lithuanian empire in the 15 and 16th centuries. It was subsequently invaded in turn by Tartars, Ottomans and Russians. Its territory shrank as it was overrun and partitioned by various European powers between the 18th and 20th centuries. Following World War II, it was dominated by the USSR and had a Communist government, which collapsed in 1989, to be followed by a Western-style democracy. The official language is Polish.

Names:
Polska (preferred,C,V,Polish-P,U,N)
Rzeczpospolita Polska (C,V,O,Polish,U,N)
Polska Rzeczpospolita (C,V,Polish,U,N)
Poland (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Republic of Poland (C,O,English,U,N)
Pologne (C,O,French-P,U,N)
République de Pologne (C,O,French,U,N)
Polonia (C,O,Spanish-P,U,N)
República de Polonia (C,O)
Polen (C,O,German-P,U,N)
Польша (C,O,Russian-P,U)
Республика Польша (C,O,Russian,U)
波兰 (C,O,Chinese-P,U)
波兰共和国 (C,O,Chinese,U)
بويًدا (C,O,Arabic-P,U)
جُهور ةً بويًدا (C,O,Arabic,U)
POL (C,O,ISO3L)
PL (C,O,ISO2L)
ISO616 (C,O,ISO3N)
PL00 (C,O,FIPS)
Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa (H,V,Polish,U,N)
Polish People's Republic (H,O,English,U,N)
Polish (C,O,English,U,A)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Poland (nation)  ........  Poland (nation) (P)

Place Types:
nation (preferred, C)  ............  traditionally was created under Mieszko I in 966 CE; modern state emerged after World War I, controlled by Soviet Union 1947-1989
primary political unit (C)
independent sovereign nation (C)
republic (C)

Related geographic places:
member of ....  European Union .......... (union)
................  (World, Europe) [7030305]
................  since 2004
member of ....  North Atlantic Treaty Organization .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029610]
................  became a member in 1999
member of ....  United Nations .......... (organization)
................  (World) [7029605]
................  joined organization in 1945

Sources and Contributors:
ISO616..........  [VP]
.................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
PL..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
PL00..........  [VP]
...........  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 66
POL..........  [VP]
...........  ISO Handbook (1988) 770
Poland..........  [BHA, FDA, VP]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 490-491
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:743-744
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
.................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
.................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-76
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
Polen..........  [VP]
..............  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1288
..............  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-137
Polish..........  [VP]
.................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 29
Polish People's Republic..........  [VP]
.........................................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 552-554
Pologne..........  [BHA, VP]
.................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 390
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-137
Polonia..........  [VP]
.................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) 929
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-137
Polska..........  [FDA, VP Preferred]
.................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 693
.................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-137
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Polska Rzeczpospolita..........  [VP]
......................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 682
Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa..........  [VP]
...............................................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 512-514
República de Polonia..........  [VP]
...................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 22 July 2009
Republic of Poland..........  [VP]
...................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 682
République de Pologne..........  [VP]
......................................  UNGEGN List of Country Names (2007) accessed 22 July 2009
Rzeczpospolita Polska..........  [VP]
......................................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 694
......................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Польша..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Республика Польша..........  [VP]
................................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
波兰..........  [VP]
...........  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
波兰共和国..........  [VP]
..............  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
بويًدا..........  [VP]
.................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
جُهور ةً بويًدا..........  [VP]
.............................  UNGEGN Working Paper 54 (2011) accessed 30 July 2013
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1990) 490-491
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1992) 682
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 694
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1994) 693
..................  Cambridge World Gazetteer (1990) 512-514
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 743-744; 2:743-744
..................  Cassell's French Dictionary (1981) 390
..................  Cassell's German Dictionary (1982) 1288
..................  Cassell's Spanish Dictionary (1978) 929
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) IX, 552-554
..................  ISO Country Codes (1996) 19
..................  ISO Handbook (1988) 770
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  NIMA, GNS ADM1 Codes (1999) 66
..................  Rand McNally Atlas (1994) I-137
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 353
..................  Times Concise Atlas of the World (1995) I-76
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 345 (1993) 74
..................  UN Terminology Bulletin 347 (1997) 29
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (1994-2002) "Poland". accessed 21 July 2003

 

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