Note: Located on the Gulf of Gaeta, northwest of Naples. Under Romans by 4th century BCE; town and port were connected by a road ca. 184 BCE, allowing it bo become a resort. Loyal to the Byzantine Empire after 5th century BCE. Was independent hroughout Gothic, Lombard, and Saracen wars and invasions. Was a maritime republic in the 8th century; autonomous duchy after 915; taken by Normans in 1140. In the 15th century it was the center of struggles for succession to the throne of Naples. Its capitulation to the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 marked the end of the Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.