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ID: 7005980
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005980

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Krefeld (inhabited place)  Krefeld (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 51 20 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 51.3333  decimal degrees
Long: 006 34 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 6.5667  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Krefeld is situated on the left bank of the Rhine river in the northwestern German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Chartered in 1373, it was ruled by the counts of Moers, then by the House of Orange from 1600, then by Prussia from 1702. The town prospered in textile manufacture, particularly of silk and velvet, begun by Protestant and Mennonite refugees from the 17th century. An important battle of the Seven Years' War was fought near there in 1758, in which Ferdinand, duke of Brunswick, defeated the French. The city expanded greatly in size and acquired a harbor on the Rhine through the annexation of several neighboring towns in the early 20th century. It suffered greatly in the two World Wars, being occupied by the Allies from 1918 to 1926, and then severely damaged in World War II. The modern city is a cultural center, with a restored castle housing the Museum Burg Linn, the Kaiser-Wilhelm Museum, the Museum Haus Lange of modern art, and a textile museum. It is also a rail transportation center and produces steel, clothing, machinery, and chemicals. The population estimate for 2004 was 239,000.

Names:
Krefeld (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Krefeld-Uerdingen (C,V)
Krefeld-Gellup (C,V)
Crefeld (C,V)
Gelduba (H,V)  ............ name of ancient castellum of lower Germanic limes within site of modern Krefeld, was described by Pliny

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Krefeld (inhabited place)  ................  Krefeld (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  chartered in 1373, absorbed surrounding towns in 1901 and 1929
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)  ............  especially noted for production of silks and velvets since 17th century; today also makes machinery, steel, clothing, and chemicals
transportation center (C)
cultural center (C)
battlefield (H)  ............  site of victory of Ferdinand, duke of Braunschweig, over French in 1758 in Seven Years' War

Sources and Contributors:
Crefeld..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 7:3
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Gelduba..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12958
.................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 347
Krefeld..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1: 489
.................  Dehio Handbuch: Rheinland (1987)
.................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 105
.................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
Krefeld-Gellup..........  [VP]
.............................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Krefeld-Uerdingen..........  [VP]
................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 629
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1: 489
..................  Dehio Handbuch: Rheinland (1987)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 7:3
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12958
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Krefeld (Germany) NAF81003370 (29 Nov. 2004)
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1812296
..................  Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (1979) 347
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 105
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 629
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:489
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Krefeld." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9046223&query=krefeld&ct=eb (29 Nov. 2004)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) (29 Nov. 2004)

 

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