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ID: 7005978
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005978

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bielefeld (inhabited place)  Bielefeld (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 52 02 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 52.0333  decimal degrees
Long: 008 32 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.5333  decimal degrees

Note: The German city of Bielefeld is located at the edge of the Teutoburg Forest in the district of Detmold in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It was mentioned in the 11th-century biography of Bishop Meinwerk of Paderborn, and chartered by Count Hermann of Ravensberg in the 13th century. It joined the Hanseatic League in the 14th century. It passed under the rule of several principalities, from the county of Ravensberg in the 13th century, to the duchy of Jülich in 1346, and to Brandenburg in 1647. The city was badly damaged in World War II, but was rebuilt. It nevertheless retains many historic structures, including St. Mary's Church documented in the late 13thcentury, Sparrenburg Castle, built in 1250 and rebuilt after a fire in 1877, the medieval Jodokus and Altstädter Nicolai Church, and the Gothic Crüwell House, dating from 1540. The modern city has a gallery of modern art, a concert hall, an opera, a playing card museum, and a university founded in 1969. Well-known for its linen since the 16th century, it also weaves plush and silk textiles. There are other manufactories, including for paper, clothing, sewing machines, bicycles, and electronic equipment. In 1973, Bielefeld absorbed several neighboring towns, doubling its size. The estimated population for 2004 was 323,700.

Names:
Bielefeld (preferred,C,V,German-P,U,N)
Bilifelde (H,V,German,U,N)  ............ name as recorded ca. 1015

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Bielefeld (inhabited place)  ................  Bielefeld (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in early 11th cen., chartered in 1214
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
university center (C)  ............  founded in 1969

Sources and Contributors:
Bielefeld..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
....................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 102
....................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 203
....................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
....................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) 28
....................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 145
....................  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 22 Nov. 2004
Bilifelde..........  [VP]
....................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) 2: 203
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 102
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 203; 2: 203
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Bielefeld (Germany) NAF79145551 (22 Nov. 2004)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1747422
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1990) 28
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 145
..................  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) accessed 22 Nov. 2004
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:102
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Bielefeld" Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 2002-. http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9079134&query=Bielefeld&ct=eb (22 Nov. 2004)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 145

 

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