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ID: 7005973
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005973

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Jena (inhabited place)  Jena (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 56 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.9333  decimal degrees
Long: 011 35 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 11.5833  decimal degrees

Note: Located in Gera area on Saale river; ruled by House of Wettin from 14th cen., by dukes of Ernestine line from 1485; was noted academic center, long focus of liberal ideas in Germany, including those of evolutionist E Haeckel & Karl Marx; damaged in WW II.

Names:
Jena (preferred,C,V)
Iena (C,O)
Jani (H,V)  ............ name documented in 9th cen.

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Thuringia (state)  ............  Thuringia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Jena (inhabited place)  ................  Jena (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Thuringia (historical region)  ........  Thuringia (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Jena (inhabited place)  ............  Jena (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  first documented in 9th cen., chartered in 1230
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)  ............  long famed for lenses from Zeiss optical & precision instrument company, city also manufactures chemicals & glass products
transportation center (C)
university center (C)  ............  founded in 1548, famed for distinguished faculty, including philosophers G Hegel & F von Schelling, & writer F Schiller
scientific center (C)  ............  for meteorology, astrology, botany & earthquake research
ducal residence (H)  ............  1672-1918
battlefield (H)  ............  site of Napoleon's victory over Prussian army in 1806

Sources and Contributors:
Iena..........  [VP]
...........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 441
Jani..........  [VP]
...........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 528
Jena..........  [BHA, VP Preferred]
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 92
...........  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 571
Subject: .....  [BHA, VP]
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 441
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VI, 528
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1801735
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1994) 92
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 571
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]

 

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