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ID: 7005903
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005903

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Milan (inhabited place)  Milan (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 45 28 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 45.4667  decimal degrees
Long: 009 12 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 9.2000  decimal degrees

Note: One of nation's richest cities; became the second city of the western Roman Empire after Rome; sacked by Attila the Hun in 452 and by Goths in 539; battled for autonomy with nearby cities 11th-12th centuries; controlled by Sforza family 15th century and by Spain 1540-1706; won independence from Austria in 1848; heavily bombed during World War II.

Names:
Milano (preferred,C,V)
Milan (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Mailand (C,O)
Milanese (C,V)
Mediolanium (H,V)
Mediolanum (H,V)  ............ ancient
Mediolanum Insubrum (H,V)

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Lombardy (region (administrative division))  ............  Lombardy (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Milano (province)  ................  Milano (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Milan (inhabited place)  ....................  Milan (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Transpadane Republic (historical region)  ........  Transpadane Republic (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Milan (inhabited place)  ............  Milan (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Gaul (historical region)  ........  Gaul (historical region) (P)
Hierarchy of Gallia Cisalpina (province)  ............  Gallia Cisalpina (province) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Milan (inhabited place)  ................  Milan (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Italia (province)  ........  Italia (province) (P,H) from 272 BCE
Hierarchy of Milan (inhabited place)  ............  Milan (inhabited place) (P,H) became a part of Italia under Augustus

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Gauls ca. 600 BCE and captured by Romans in 222 BCE
city (C)
regional capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
financial center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  famous for Milan Cathedral (begun 1386), La Scala opera house & Leonardo Da Vinci's "Last Supper" in Santa Maria della Grazie
manufacturing center (C)  ............  produces textiles and designer clothing, wood, rubber, dyes, soaps, and medicinal products
industrial center (C)
commercial center (C)
transportation center (C)
episcopal see (C)  ............  declared a Christian city and seat of the Vicar of Italy by Constantine the Great in Edict of Milan in 313 CE
sporting center (C)
capital (H)  ............  of the Cisalpine Republic under Napoleon I from 1797-1802; of the Italian Republic from 1802-1805; of the Kingdom of Italy from 1805 until the fall of Napoleon I & the return of Austrian rule ca. 1814

Sources and Contributors:
Mailand..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Mediolanium..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 599
Mediolanum..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
.......................  Blue Guide: Northern Italy (1984) 157
.......................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.......................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8295
.......................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Mediolanum Insubrum..........  [VP]
...................................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
Milan..........  [GRLPSC, VP]
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 763
Milanese..........  [VP]
.................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-) accessed 7 January 2003
Milano..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Annuario Generale (1980)
.................  Blue Guide: Northern Italy (1978) 157-158
.................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 2:599
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXIV, 96-100
.................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
.................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1989) IX, 833-838
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Blue Guide: Northern Italy (1978) 157-158
..................  Blue Guide: Northern Italy (1984) 157
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) II, 599; 2:599
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XXIV, 96-100
..................  Gallerie degli Uffizi database (1987-)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 8295
..................  New Catholic Encyclopedia (1967-1989) IX, 833-838
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -121726
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Oxford English Dictionary [online] (2002-) accessed 7 January 2003
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 763
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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