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ID: 7005688
 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Turin (inhabited place)  Turin (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 45 03 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 45.0500  decimal degrees
Long: 007 40 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.6667  decimal degrees

Note: Located on Po river near junction with other rivers; Taurini town was partly destroyed by Hannibal 218 BCE; was important Roman military town; part of Lombard kingdom, then of Frankish empire; ruled by Savoy from the 11th century and held by the French in the 16th and 19th centuries.

Names:
Torino (preferred,C,V)
Turin (C,O,English-P,U,N)
Torinese (C,V,English,U,A)
Julia Augusta Taurinorum (H,V)
Augusta Taurinorum (H,V)  ............ ancient
Julia Taurinorum (H,V)
Taurasia (H,V)  ............ name of the settlement of the Taurini people

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Italy (nation)  ........  Italy (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Piedmont (region (administrative division))  ............  Piedmont (region (administrative division)) (P)
Hierarchy of Torino (province)  ................  Torino (province) (P)
Hierarchy of Turin (inhabited place)  ....................  Turin (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Transpadane Republic (historical region)  ........  Transpadane Republic (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Turin (inhabited place)  ............  Turin (inhabited place)
 
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Savoy (historical region)  ........  Savoy (historical region) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Turin (inhabited place)  ............  Turin (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  founded by Celts, later inhabited by Taurini
city (C)
regional capital (C)
provincial capital (C)
industrial center (C)  ............  for automobile, airplane, ball-bearing, metallurgical, chemical, plastics & electrotechnical industries
manufacturing center (C)  ............  long noted for chocolate & wines
communications center (C)
transportation center (C)  ............  for road, rail & air traffic
university center (C)  ............  founded in 1405 by Louis of Savoy-Acaia
archiepiscopal see (C)  ............  seat of bishopric established ca. 415, of archbishopric since 1510
cultural center (C)  ............  noted for Renaissance & Baroque architecture, & for museums of armor, antiquities, art, zoology & science
pilgrimage center (C)  ............  for the Shroud of Turin, since 1354 believed to be shroud that had covered the body of Christ, in Turin cathedral since 1578
political center (H)  ............  was especially active in 19th cen. as political & intellectual hub for Risorgimento
capital (H)  ............  of duchy of Savoy, from 1563; of Kingdom of Sardinia, from 1720; of newly united Italy, 1861-1865

Sources and Contributors:
Augusta Taurinorum..........  [FDA, VP]
...................................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12734
...................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...................................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Julia Augusta Taurinorum..........  [VP]
.........................................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
Julia Taurinorum..........  [GRLPSC]
.............................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998)
Taurasia..........  [FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 54-55
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Torinese..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014)
Torino..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
.................  Annuario Generale (1980)
.................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
.................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 196
.................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
Turin..........  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1236
Subject: .....  [BHA, FDA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Annuario Generale (1980)
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) XII, 54-55
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12734
..................  National Gallery of Art database, Washington (1987-)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -130938
..................  Times Atlas of the World. Reprint ed. (1994) 196
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984) 1236
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1985)

 

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