The GettyResearch Institute
Research Home Tools Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
Thesaurus of Geographic Names Full Record Display
New Search Previous Page Help

Vernacular Display | English Display

Click the icon to view the hierarchy.

Semantic View (JSONJSONLDRDFN3/TurtleN-Triples)

ID: 7005090
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7005090

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Bonn (inhabited place)  Bonn (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 44 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.7333  decimal degrees
Long: 007 06 00 E  degrees minutes   Long: 7.1000  decimal degrees

Note: The German city of Bonn is located some fifteen miles south of Cologne on the Rhine river. Romans documented a river crossing here in the 1st century BCE, and occupied a fortress here from the 1st to the 5th century CE. It was a Frankish town from the 9th century, and from the 13th century was a prosperous town, the capital of the electorate and archbishopric of Cologne. It was occupied by the French from 1794, and then annexed to Prussia in 1815. In the 19th century it grew famous as a rich, fashionable cit y, remaining as such until World War II, when it was heavily damaged. From 1949 to 1990 it was the capital of West Germany and grew in size and importance, annexing several nearby towns in 1969. Efforts were made to preserve the residential look of the city and so only restricted light industry was allowed, Bonn is a cultural center, famed as the birthplace of the composer Ludwig van Beethoven. It has many musical institutions, including an orchestra, and hosts many national and international concerts, mainly in its modern concert hall, the Beethovenhalle. There are many private theaters and performance halls and a large municipal theater that hosts opera, drama, ballet, and musicals. There are two major museums. Its historic architecture includes a Romanesque basilica surmounted by five towers, and three old churches dating from the 10th, 11th, and 12th centuries respectively. There is also the former Electorate Palace, now the Rhenish Friedrich Wilhelm University of Bonn, founded 1786 and the Poppelsdorf Palace, which has botanical gardens. Generally the city is well provided with green open spaces and broad tree-lined streets. The estimated population for 2004 was 311,000.

Names:
Bonn (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Bonn (German,U,N)
Bonna (H,V)
Bonnburg (H,V)  ............ name of Frankish settlement, used from 9th century
Castra Bonnensia (H,V)  ............ first named for a river crossing discovered by Roman legionaries in 1st century BCE

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of North Rhine-Westphalia (state)  ............  North Rhine-Westphalia (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Bonn (inhabited place)  ................  Bonn (inhabited place) (P)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  established by Romans
city (C)
manufacturing center (C)
cultural center (C)  ............  birthplace of composer Beethoven, center of musical arts from 18th century
episcopal see (C)
national capital (H)  ............  provisional capital of West Germany from 1949, though Berlin became capital-designate of reunited Germany in 1990
capital (H)  ............  of the electorate of Köln, until 1794

Sources and Contributors:
Bonn..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
...........  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 612
...........  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
...........  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 31
...........  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
...........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 161
Bonna..........  [VP]
..............  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
Bonnburg..........  [VP]
.................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 364
Castra Bonnensia..........  [VP]
.............................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 112
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  Britannica Book of the Year (1993) 612
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 112
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) II, 364
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1750167
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 31
..................  Times Atlas of World History (1993) 338
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1984)
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 161
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:112
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Bonnn." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9080620&query=Bonn&ct=eb (11 Dec. 2004)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988)
..........  World Gazetteer [online] (1990-2006) (11 Dec. 2004)

 

New Search

Back to Top

Printer Friendly Version

The J. Paul Getty Trust
The J. Paul Getty Trust