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ID: 7004449
Page Link: http://vocab.getty.edu/page/tgn/7004449

 

Record Type: administrative
Hierarchy of Mainz (inhabited place)  Mainz (inhabited place)

Coordinates:
Lat: 50 00 00 N  degrees minutes   Lat: 50.0000  decimal degrees
Long: 008 16 16 E  degrees minutes   Long: 8.2711  decimal degrees

Note: The city of Mainz, the capitol of the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, is located on the Rhine river at the mouth of the Main river, some 20 miles west southwest of Frankfurt am Main. Originally a Celtic settlement, a Roman military camp was founded here by the Roman general Drusus 14-9 BCE. It became self-governing from 1118 to 1462, when a rebellion caused it to lose its free city privileges, and the leader of the league of Rhenish towns from 1254. It was a French possession from 1797 to 1815, and occupied by the French army from 1918 to 1930. It was almost totally destroyed in World War II, but has been rebuilt. Surviving historic architecture includes an 11th-century Romanesque cathedral, a 17th-century elector's palace, and a 19th-century German fortress built on the site of the old Roman military post. Mainz had a university from 1477 to 1816, but a new one, the Johannes Gutenberg University, it in 1946, honoring its native son who invented movable type here. The city is an educational center, with the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, the Institute for Economic Research, and the Academy of Sciences and Literature. There are many museums of art, history, and natural history, the Gutenberg Museum among them. The city's economic activities include the wine trade for the Rhineland, the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, machinery, glassware, and musical instruments. It is known for its wine and pre-Lenten festivals. The 2005 population was calculated at 187,940.

Names:
Mainz (preferred,C,V,English-P,U,N)
Mainz (German,U,N)
Mainz am Rhein (C,V)
Mayence (C,V)
Maguntiacum (H,V)
Mogontiacum (H,V)  ............ ancient
Moguntiacum (H,V)  ............ Roman name, referring to Celtic god Mogo

Hierarchical Position:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Europe (continent)  ....  Europe (continent) (P)
Hierarchy of Germany (nation)  ........  Germany (nation) (P)
Hierarchy of Rhineland Palatinate (state)  ............  Rhineland Palatinate (state) (P)
Hierarchy of Mainz (inhabited place)  ................  Mainz (inhabited place) (P)

Additional Parents:
Hierarchy of World (facet)    World (facet)
Hierarchy of Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire)  ....  Roman Empire (former nation/state/empire) (P,H)
Hierarchy of Germania Superior (province)  ........  Germania Superior (province) (P,H) ca. 27 BCE-ca. 451 CE
Hierarchy of Mainz (inhabited place)  ............  Mainz (inhabited place) (P,H)

Place Types:
inhabited place (preferred, C)  ............  was an ancient Celtic settlement, then was a Roman military camp 14 BCE-ca. 451 CE, a new town arose on site in 6th century
city (C)
state capital (C)
district capital (C)  ............  of Rheinhessen from 1816
commercial center (C)
manufacturing center (C)
university center (C)  ............  1477-1816, regained status in 1946
cultural center (C)  ............  noted as home of J Gutenberg and his invention of printing in ca. 1440, today noted for museums and learned societies
archiepiscopal see (H)  ............  established in 775 with St. Boniface as first German archbishop, later archbishops were powerful princes of Holy Roman Empire
capital (H)  ............  of Germania Superior under Romans, until ca. 451 CE
provincial capital (H)
religious center (H)  ............  had one of the oldest Jewish settlements in Germany
regional capital (C)

Sources and Contributors:
Maguntiacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 553
Mainz..........  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP Preferred]
..............  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..............  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..............  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
..............  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 119
..............  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..............  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 712
Mainz am Rhein..........  [VP]
.............................  Gollwitzer, Post Bultmann Locutum (1965)
Mayence..........  [VP]
.................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-)
.................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
Mogontiacum..........  [VP]
.......................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
.......................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 28 June 2004
.......................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12957
Moguntiacum..........  [VP]
.......................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 711
Subject: .....  [BHA, GRLPSC, VP]
..................  ARLIS/NA: Ancient Site Names (1995)
..................  Canby, Historic Places (1984) I, 553
..................  Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer (1961)
..................  Encyclopaedia Britannica (1988) VII, 711
..................  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) accessed 28 June 2004
..................  Gollwitzer, Post Bultmann Locutum (1965)
..................  GRI Photo Archive, Authority File (1998) 12957
..................  LC Name Authority Headings. [online] (2002-) Mainz (Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany) NAF79091241 (6 Jan. 2005)
..................  Müllers Deutsches Ortsbuch (1988)
..................  NGA/NIMA database (2003-) -1822614
..................  NIMA, GEOnet Names Server (1996-1998)
..................  Times Atlas of the World (1992) 119
..................  USBGN: Foreign Gazetteers
..................  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 712
 
Note:
English .......... [VP]
..........  Canby, Historic Places (1984) 1:553
..........  Encyclopedia Britannica Online (2002-2014) "Mainz." http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article?tocId=9050185&query=Mainz&ct=eb#TOP (6 Jan. 2005)
..........  Webster's Geographical Dictionary (1988) 712

 

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